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|Marshal of the Senate|
20 October 2005
|Prime Minister||Marek Belka
|Preceded by||Longin Pastusiak|
|Acting President of Poland|
8 July 2010
|Prime Minister||Donald Tusk|
|Preceded by||Bronisław Komorowski (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Grzegorz Schetyna (Acting)|
|Member of Senate|
19 October 2005
|Born||) 11 January 1949
Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland
|Political party||Independent (2005–present)
Civic Platform caucus (2007–present)
|Democratic Union (1990–1994)
Freedom Union (1994–2005)
Law and Justice caucus (2005–2007)
|Spouse(s)||Alina Pienkowska (Deceased)|
|Alma mater||John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin|
Bogdan Michał Borusewicz, (Polish pronunciation: , born 11 January 1949, in Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland) is the Speaker in the Polish Senate since 20 October 2005. Borusewicz was a democratic opposition activist under the Communist regime, a member of the Polish parliament (Sejm) for three terms and first Senate Speaker to serve two terms in this office.
Borusewicz briefly served as the Acting President of Poland on 8 July 2010 between Bronisław Komorowski's resignation from the Sejm (and thus Speakership) due to being elected President and the election of the new Speaker (and Acting President) Grzegorz Schetyna.
Democratic opposition in communist Poland 
In 1975, he graduated from the Catholic University of Lublin in the field of history. During the 1970s he took part in a campaign of support for striking workers in Radom, and became a part of the Workers' Defence Committee. In the years 1977–1978 he was a co-organiser of the Free Trade Unions of the Coast.
He was a principal organiser of the August 1980 strike in the Gdańsk Shipyard which led to the formation of the Solidarity trade union, and a co-author of the strikers postulates. He took part in the formation of the Solidarity free trade union.
After the institution of martial law by the regime on 13 December 1981, he spent more than four years hiding from the authorities and organising the underground structures of the then-outlawed Solidarity trade union. In 1983, he secretly married fellow activist Alina Pienkowska. The following year, disguised as a woman, he attended the baptism of their daughter Kinga. Between 1984 and 1986, he was a member of the Provisional Solidarity Coordination Committee and then Provisional Solidarity Trade Union Council. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1986 and released under an amnesty in 1988. He supported the May and August strikes in the Gdańsk Shipyard in that year.
In democratic Poland 
Deputy chairman of the Solidarity trade union movement 1990–1991. Was one of the candidates for its chairmanship in February 1991.
From 1991 to 2001 a member of parliament (Sejm). In the first term (1991–1993), the leader of the Solidarity party, and the chairman of the commission studying the consequences of the Martial Law period. He was opposed to the vote of no confidence for the Suchocka government (against the position of the Solidarity trade union), and after its fall left Solidarity. In the following elections he was elected as a member of the Democratic Union party, which in 1994 became the Freedom Union (UW). He was the chairman of the special forces parliamentary committee. During the third term (1997–2000) in the Jerzy Buzek government, he was the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration (in charge of the police force). He resigned when the UW left the government coalition in 2000. He was also a member of a variety of other parliamentary commissions.
He was not elected again in 2001 and from October 2001 he was a member of the board of management of Pomorze province. Next year Borusewicz was a candidate for the presidency of Gdańsk but lost the elections (obtaining 16.32% of votes). He did not join the Democratic Party (organised by UW members as a broader grouping), being opposed to the inclusion of politicians associated with the postcommunist Democratic Left Alliance party.
Senator and Speaker 
He was chosen a senator in the 2005 parliamentary election, running as an independent but supported by both the Law and Justice (PiS) and Civic Platform (PO) parties. He was chosen as the Marshal (Speaker) of the Senate with their support. During first term he was caucused with PiS and after 2007 parliamentary election, with PO.
Acting President 
Following Acting President, and President-elect Bronisław Komorowski resignation from Sejm (and thus Speakership) on 8 July 2010, Borusewicz became Acting President of Poland until the election of the new Speaker of Sejm Grzegorz Schetyna. Borusewicz was the first Senate Speaker to became a temporary head of state and the shortest-serving Polish head of state since 1918. Also, he was already the second person to be or act as President since President Lech Kaczyński's death in April 2010.
Called by the Polish media "The President for One Day", Borusewicz said, "at least I'll end up as a question in quizzes".
- Alina Pienkowska, a Force Behind Solidarity, Dies at 50 by Michael T. Kaufman, New York Times, October 28, 2002.
|Marshal of the Senate
|President of Poland