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|Common snook, Centropomus undecimalis|
Centropomus is a genus of freshwater and marine fishes in order Perciformes, including the common snook or róbalo, Centropomus undecimalis. Prior to 2004, three other genera were placed in Centropomidae in subfamily Latinae, which has since been raised to the family level and renamed Latidae because a cladistic analysis showed the old Centropomidae to be paraphyletic leaving Centropomus as the sole remaining genus in this family. The members of this genus are popular food fish as well as being popular gamefishes.
Dating from the upper Cretaceous, the centropomids are of typical percoid shape, distinguished by having two-part dorsal fins, a lateral line that extends onto the tail, and, frequently, a concave shape to the head. They range from 35 to 120 centimetres (14 to 47 in) in length and are found in tropical and subtropical waters.
There are currently 12 recognized species in this genus:
- Centropomus armatus T. N. Gill, 1863 (Armed snook)
- Centropomus ensiferus Poey, 1860 (Swordspine snook)
- Centropomus medius Günther, 1864 (Blackfin snook)
- Centropomus mexicanus Bocourt, 1868 (Largescale fat snook)
- Centropomus nigrescens Günther, 1864 (Black snook)
- Centropomus parallelus Poey, 1860 (Fat snook)
- Centropomus pectinatus Poey, 1860 (Tarpon snook)
- Centropomus poeyi Chávez, 1961 (Mexican snook)
- Centropomus robalito D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882 (Yellowfin snook)
- Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792) (Common snook)
- Centropomus unionensis Bocourt, 1868 (Union snook)
- Centropomus viridis Lockington, 1877 (White snook)
Timeline of genera
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2004). "Centropomidae" in FishBase. October 2004 version.
- "Centropomidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 20 December 2004.
- Otero, Olga (May 2004). "Anatomy, systematics and phylogeny of both Recent and fossil latid fishes (Teleostei, Perciformes, Latidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141 (1). doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00111.x;jsessionid=g9a7dxdGahP4. Retrieved 2006-08-15.
- Snook or Robalo types as game fish
- Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2011-05-19.