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|Prince of Soubise|
|Spouse||Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne
Princess Anna Teresa of Savoy
Landgravine Anna Viktoria of Hesse-Rotenburg
|Charlotte, Princess of Condé
Victoire, Princess of Guéménée
|Charles de Rohan|
|Father||Jules, Prince of Soubise|
|Mother||Anne Julie de Melun|
|Born||)16 July 1715
Palace of Versailles, France
|Died||1 July 1787) (aged 71)
Hôtel de Soubise, Paris, France
Charles de Rohan (16 July 1715 – 1 July 1787), duke of Rohan-Rohan, seigneur of Roberval, and marshal of France from 1758, was a military man, a minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and a notorious libertine. The last male of his branch of the House of Rohan, he was also the great grandfather to the duc d'Enghien, executed by Napoleon in 1804. Styled prince d'Epinoy at birth, he became the Prince of Soubise after 1749.
The prince was born at Versailles on 16 January 1715, the son of Jules, Prince of Soubise, lieutenant captain of the gendarmes of the Royal Guard, and of Anne Julie Adélaïde de Melun. The eldest of five children, he was styled the Prince of Epinoy till his father's death in 1724.
He was entrusted to his grandfather Hercule Mériadec, Duke of Rohan-Rohan, who raised Soubise to the court, where he became the companion of Louis XV, who was the same age as he. One of his great grandmothers was Madame de Ventadour, via his paternal grandmother Anne Genevieve de Levis; Madame de Ventadour, who died in 1744, was close to her great grandson.
Soon after the beginning of the Seven Years' War, through the influence of Madame de Pompadour, he was put in command of a corps of 24,000 men, and in November 1757 he sustained the crushing defeat of Rossbach. Along with the failure to hold Hanover following the Invasion of Hanover (1757) this marked a dramatic turnaround for French fortunes as just months before they have seemed on the brink of victory.
He was more fortunate, however, in his later military career, and continued in the service until the general peace of 1763, after which he lived the life of an ordinary courtier and man of fashion in Paris.
"Soubise" also refers to a culinary dish with a sauce made with a rice and onion purée, named to compliment Charles de Rohan, prince of Soubise: see sauce Soubise.
Charles married three times:
- Firstly in 1734 to Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne 1722 - 1739, daughter of Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne and a grand daughter of the famous Marie Anne Mancini; Anne Marie Louise died in 1739 giving birth to a son who died in 1742. Their daughter was;
- In 1741 he married again this time to a Savoyard Princess named Anna Teresa 1717 - 1745, a daughter of the Prince of Carignan and Maria Vittoria Francesca of Savoy who in turn was an illegitimate daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia. Anna Teresa (known as Anne Thérèse de Savoie) gave birth to another daughter
- The same year Charles married again to a German Princess, Landgravine Anne Victoire of Hesse-Rotenburg 1728 - 1792. Anna Viktoria was a niece of an old Princess of Condé, Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg. Anna Viktoria had no children.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.