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|Preceded by:||Diadem class cruiser|
|Succeeded by:||Drake class cruiser|
|Length:||472 ft (143.9 m) overall|
|Beam:||69.5 ft (21.2 m)|
|Draught:||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Propulsion:||4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines, 30 Belleville boilers, 21,000 hp (15,660 kW)|
|Armament:||18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes, submerged|
Belt 2-6 inches (51-152mm)
The Cressy class cruiser was a class of six armoured cruisers launched between December 1899 and May 1901, for the Royal Navy. Their design's incorporation of a pair of 9.2-inch guns and armoured sides served to address criticism directed against the previous Diadem class — advances made possible by their 1,000 ton increase in displacement over their predecessors. The ships were notably stable, except for a susceptibility to pitching.
Until 1908, the ships served in Home waters, the Mediterranean and the Far East. On the outbreak of the First World War Cressy, Aboukir, Hogue, Bacchante and Euryalus formed the Seventh Cruiser Squadron. Due to the obsolescence of the ships and that they were crewed by inexperienced reservists the squadron was known as the "Live Bait Squadron". This epithet proved prophetic when Cressy, Hogue and Aboukir were sunk in a single action on 22 September 1914 by U-9 near Holland.
- HMS Cressy: launched 4 December 1899, torpedoed and sunk 22 September 1914
- HMS Sutlej: launched 18 November 1899, scrapped 9 May 1921
- HMS Aboukir: launched 16 May 1900, torpedoed and sunk 22 September 1914
- HMS Hogue: launched 13 August 1900, torpedoed and sunk 22 September 1914
- HMS Bacchante: launched 21 February 1901, scrapped 1 July 1920
- HMS Euryalus: launched 20 May 1901, scrapped 1 July 1920
The following table gives the build details and purchase cost of the members of the Cressy class. Standard British practice at that time was for these costs to exclude armament and stores. The compilers of The Naval Annual revised costs quoted for British ships between the 1905 and 1906 editions.
|Date of||Cost according to|
|Laid Down||Launch||Completion||(BNA 1904)||(BNA 1906)|
|HMS Cressy||Fairfield, Govan||Fairfield||12 October 1898||14 December 1899||28 May 1901||£780,110||£749,324|
|HMS Sutlej||J Brown Clydebank||Clydebank
|15 August 1898||18 November 1899||6 May 1902||£790,706||£755,690|
|HMS Aboukir||Fairfield, Govan||Fairfield||9 November 1898||16 May 1900||3 April 1902||£783,883||£751,118|
|HMS Hogue||Vickers, Barrow||Vickers||14 July 1898||13 August 1900||19 November 1902||£787,507||£749,809|
|HMS Bacchante||John Brown Clydebank||John Brown||15 February 1899||21 February 1901||25 November 1902||£787,230||£787,230|
|HMS Euryalus||Vickers, Barrow||Vickers||18 July 1899||20 May 1901||5 January 1904||£817,880||£782,901|
Right elevation and deck plan, from Brassey's Naval Annual 1906
Right elevation of 9.2 inch gun turret
Rear elevation of 9.2 inch gun turret
- Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1860-1905, p. 68.
- Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1860-1905, pp. 68-9.
- Brassey's Naval Annual 1904, p212-219
- Brassey's Naval Annual 1906, p208-215
- Chesnau, Roger and Kolesnik, Eugene (Ed.) Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. Conway Maritime Press, 1979. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK]
- Brassey, T.A. (ed)The Naval Annual 1904
- Leyland, J. and Brassey, T.A. (ed)The Naval Annual 1906