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Franklin Township is a township in central Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,195, reflecting an increase of 205 (+6.9%) from the 2,990 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 139 (+4.9%) from the 2,851 counted in the 1990 Census. Most of the township lies on the Hunterdon Plateau with only the eastern section along the South Branch Raritan River being on the lower part of the Newark Basin.
Franklin Township was established by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1845, when it was created from portions of Kingwood Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. Portions of the township were taken to form Clinton town on April 5, 1865. In its early days, Franklin was a Quaker settlement. The most reliable records that are available about the early days of the Township are found in the minutes of the Friends' Meeting in Quakertown.
The Capoolong Creek, which runs through the community of Pittstown, was an attraction to early settlers and they soon established three of the oldest churches in present day Hunterdon: Thomas Episcopal, established in 1723, Bethlehem Presbyterian, organized in 1730 and the Quaker Church in 1733.
Franklin Township is located at United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 22.998 square miles (59.563 km2), of which, 22.803 square miles (59.058 km2) of it is land and 0.195 square miles (0.505 km2) of it (0.85%) is water.(40.569033,-74.931227). According to the
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,195 people, 1,137 households, and 908.5 families residing in the township. The population density was 140.1 inhabitants per square mile (54.1 /km2). There were 1,204 housing units at an average density of 52.8 per square mile (20.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.84% (3,094) White, 0.69% (22) Black or African American, 0.16% (5) Native American, 1.25% (40) Asian, 0.09% (3) Pacific Islander, 0.44% (14) from other races, and 0.53% (17) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.44% (110) of the population.
There were 1,137 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the township the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 19.4% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,500 (with a margin of error of +/- $19,534) and the median family income was $118,182 (+/- $16,643). Males had a median income of $72,303 (+/- $13,313) versus $52,202 (+/- $5,525) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $46,892 (+/- $5,196). About 1.7% of families and 1.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,990 people, 1,091 households, and 890 families residing in the township. The population density was 130.7 people per square mile (50.5/km²). There were 1,125 housing units at an average density of 49.2 per square mile (19.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.53% White, 0.40% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.24% of the population.
There were 1,091 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the township the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $91,364, and the median income for a family was $96,320. Males had a median income of $66,667 versus $44,779 for females. The per capita income for the township was $39,668. About 1.5% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
Franklin Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.
Federal, state and county representation
Franklin Township is located in the 7th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Franklin Township had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director. As of 2013, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert G. Walton (Hampton, 2014), Freeholder Deputy Director J. Matthew Holt (Clinton Town, 2015), John King (Raritan Township, 2015), George B. Melick (Tewksbury Township, 2013) and William G. Mennen (Tewksbury Township, 2013).. Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (Flemington, 2014), Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (Alexandria Township, 2013) Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (Kingwood Township, 2013).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,253 registered voters in Franklin Township, of which 382 (17.0%) were registered as Democrats, 1,021 (45.3%) were registered as Republicans and 850 (37.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 61.0% of the vote here (1,118 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 36.6% (670 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (31 votes), among the 1,833 ballots cast by the township's 2,228 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 63.3% of the vote here (1,130 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 35.3% (630 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (24 votes), among the 1,784 ballots cast by the township's 2,133 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.6.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.5% of the vote here (977 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 21.6% (303 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.0% (112 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (4 votes), among the 1,406 ballots cast by the township's 2,215 registered voters, yielding a 63.5% turnout.
The Franklin Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade. The Franklin Township School served an enrollment of 379 students as of the 2005-06 school year.
Students in grades 9 through 12 attend North Hunterdon High School in Annandale as part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. North Hunterdon High School serves students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.
Route 12 passes through for just less than ½ mile. Interstate 78/U.S. Route 22 traverse through for a fifth of a mile with an interchange (Exit 15) at the northern tip of the township (which is the eastern overlapping end of Route 173).