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Hà Tĩnh ( listen) is a province on the north central coast of Vietnam. Together with neighbouring Nghệ An Province the two provinces are together called "Nghệ Tĩnh," and known for a heavy dialect.
Ha Tinh Province is located in the northern part of central Vietnam, about 340 km south of Hanoi, facing Nghệ An Province to the north, Quảng Bình Province to the south, Laos to the west, and the Eastern Sea to the east.
The province consists of a provincial capital and a town named Hong Linh with 10 districts.
- Cẩm Xuyên
- Can Lộc
- Đức Thọ
- Hương Khê
- Hương Sơn
- Kỳ Anh
- Lộc Hà (newly-established district on 7/2/2007 that combined parts of Can Lộc and Thạch Hà)
- Nghi Xuân
- Thạch Hà
- Vũ Quang
Hà Tĩnh has many touristic locations of historical and cultural interest. It is home to national figures such as Mai Hắc Đế, Nguyễn Du, Nguyễn Công Trứ, Phan Đình Phùng, Trần Phú, Hà Huy Tập, Ngô Đức Kế, Xuan Tuu, Xuân Diệu, Huy Cận, Hoàng Xuân Hãn, Nguyễn Khắc Viện, Nguyễn Khắc Niêm, Lê Khánh Đồng, Lê Khánh Căn, and Lê Văn Thiêm. Notable scenic areas include Vũ Môn Falls, Vũ Quang Garden, Kẻ Gỗ Lake, Sơn Kim hot springs, Đèo Ngang pass, Hương Tích Pagoda, Hòn Bớc, Hòn Lám, and beautiful beaches at Thiên Cầm, Ðèo Con, Xuân Thành, Chân Tiên, Nga ba Dong Loc, Khe Dao. Most of these are along the routes 1A and 8.
Hà Tĩnh has 130 km of Highway 1A stretching from Ben Thuy Bridge (Vinh City) to Deo Ngang Pass linking Hà Tĩnh and Quảng Bình. Ho Chi Minh Route is the second most important of the province. Besides, Ha Tinh enjoys Road 8 which runs from Hong Linh town to Laos and Viet-Lao highway from Vung Ang Harbour (Ky Anh dist.) to Laos. In 2007, a railway link to Laos was proposed from Hà Tĩnh province.
Hà Tĩnh is among the poorest provinces of Vietnam with a GDP in 2008 of $420 per person. The poverty can be attributed to the harsh natural conditions with severe coldness in winter and extreme heat in summer, floods and storms every fall and unfavorable soil and natural resources. A badly-operated district and provincial government is also a hurdle to prosperity. Agriculture, forestry and fishery takes up 35.5 percent of total GDP and the province's GDP accounts for 0.7 percent of Vietnam's GDP. Hà Tĩnh takes slow steps in economic reforms though better signs in recent time are incentive. Vung Ang harbour with some plants, factories and thermopower plant is becoming the most economic hub. Vietnam Steel operates an iron mine Thach Khe District. An $8 billion iron and steel plant is being built in Vung An.
In Sino-Vietnamese characters, the province's name is written as 河靜, meaning "river quiet". Beginning in 1930 Hà Tĩnh, along with Nghệ An and Quảng Ngãi, was one of the early grounds for the Vietnamese rural Soviet movement and protests.
- Thê ́Anh Nguyêñ, Alain Forest Guerre et paix en Asie du Sud-Est Page 110 1998 " ... the regional way of speaking in the southern part of Thanh Nghệ, the so-called Nghệ Tĩnh (Nghệ An and Hà Tĩnh) dialect, ..."
- Jonathan D. London Education in Vietnam 2011 Page 186 "A teacher from Hà Tĩnh Province acknowledged this issue, quipping that his distinctive and “heavy” Hà Tĩnh accent would be tough even for most Việt teachers, let alone students."
- Geological Survey (U.S.), Minerals Yearbook: Area Reports: International 2008: Asia and the Pacific, pp. 22-12, 26-9.
- Patricia M. Pelley Postcolonial Vietnam: New Histories of the National Past 2002 Page 196 "In September 1930, the first Vietnamese soviet (in the village of vi:Võ Liệt) was formed, and soon it encompassed the three provinces of Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh, and Quảng Ngãi. By this point, a number of Vietnamese students were already attending ..."
- Nguyen Công LuanNationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier 2011 "... “Soviet” style that led farmers from several villages in Nghệ An and Hà Tĩnh provinces to stage mass protests for months after May 1930"