Welcome to MedLibrary.org. For best results, we recommend beginning with the navigation links at the top of the page, which can guide you through our collection of over 14,000 medication labels and package inserts. For additional information on other topics which are not covered by our database of medications, just enter your topic in the search box below:
|Single by OutKast|
|from the album Speakerboxxx/The Love Below|
|Released||September 9, 2003)|
|Format||CD, 7" vinyl, 12" vinyl|
|Recorded||December 2002—2003: Stankonia Studios, Tree Sound Studios, Larrabee Sound Studios|
|Genre||Alternative hip hop|
|Certification||3× Platinum (RIAA)
2× Platinum (ARIA)
|OutKast singles chronology|
"Hey Ya!" is a song by American hip hop duo OutKast, released as a single in September 2003. It was written and produced by André 3000 for The Love Below, his solo half of the duo's Speakerboxxx/The Love Below double album. "Hey Ya!" takes influence from funk and rock music. Its music video features a live performance by a band, all eight of whose members are played by André 3000, that mimicks the Beatles' 1964 performance on The Ed Sullivan Show. The song received praise from contemporary music critics, and won for Best Urban/Alternative Performance at the 46th Grammy Awards.
Along with "The Way You Move", recorded by OutKast's other member Big Boi, "Hey Ya!" was released by LaFace Records as one of the album's two lead singles. It became a commercial success, reaching the top five of most of the charts it entered, and topping the Billboard Hot 100 and the ARIA Singles Chart, among others. Later it was named the 20th most successful song of the 2000s decade by Billboard. The song popularized the phrase "shake it like a Polaroid picture", and the Polaroid Corporation used the song to revitalize the public's perception of its products.
Writing and recording
André 3000 began work on "Hey Ya!" in December 2002 at Stankonia Studios in Atlanta, Georgia. He used an acoustic guitar for accompaniment, inspired by bands such as the Ramones, the Buzzcocks and the Smiths. Having already visualized most of the song, he recorded the introduction, the first verse, and the hook. André began recording the vocals during this time, doing several dozen takes. He returned to work on the song several evenings later, with session musician Kevin Kendricks performing the bassline on a synthesizer.
Months later, André 3000 worked with Pete Novak at the Larrabee Sound Studios in Los Angeles. André improvised the lyrics based on a screenplay he had written. They experimented with various sound effects, including singing through a vocoder, and did 30 to 40 takes for each line.
"Hey Ya!" is a song in G major. Each cadential six-measure phrase is constructed using a change of meter on the fourth measure and uses a I–IV–V–vi chord progression. G major and C major chords are played for one and two 4/4 measures respectively. André 3000 then uses a deceptive cadence after a 2/4 measure of the dominant D major chord, leading into two 4/4 measures of an E major chord. The song moves at a tempo of 160 beats per minute, and André's vocal range spans more than an octave and a half, from B3 to G5.
The song opens with three upbeats as André 3000 counts "one, two, three" and then leads into the first verse. The lyrics begin to describe the protagonist's concerns and doubts about a romantic relationship. He wonders if they are staying together just "for tradition", as in the lines "But does she really wanna [mess around] / But can't stand to see me / Walk out the door?" André 3000 commented, "I think it's more important to be happy than to meet up to...the world's expectations of what a relationship should be. So this is a celebration of how men and women relate to each other in the 2000s". The song then leads into the chorus, which consists of the line "Hey ya!" repeated eight times, accompanied by a synthesizer performing the bassline.
During the second verse, the protagonist gets cold feet and wonders what the purpose of continuing the relationship is, pondering the question, "If they say nothing is forever...then what makes love the exception?" After repeating the chorus, the song leads into a call and response section. André 3000 jokes, "What's cooler than being cool?", and the "fellas'" response, an overdubbed version of his vocals, is "Ice cold", a reference to one of André Benjamin's stage names. He then calls to the "ladies", whose response is overdubbed from vocals by Rabeka Tuinei, who was an assistant to the audio engineer.
The song's breakdown coined the phrase "shake it like a Polaroid picture", a reference to an erroneous technique used by some photographers to expedite instant film. Early versions of the film needed to be dried, and shaking the picture helped it to dry faster. The breakdown also namechecks singer Beyoncé and actress Lucy Liu. The song closes by repeating the chorus and gradually fading out.
"Hey Ya!" received positive reviews from critics. PopMatters described the track as "brilliantly rousing" and "spazzy with electrifying multiplicity". Entertainment Weekly highlighted it as the catchiest song on the double album, and Stylus Magazine identified it as one of the best songs in OutKast's history. "Hey Ya!" topped the 2003 Pazz & Jop list, a survey of several hundred music critics conducted by Robert Christgau, with 322 mentions, beating runner-up Beyoncé Knowles' "Crazy in Love" by 119. It was listed at number 15 on Blender's 2005 list of "The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born".
The song's unusual arrangement drew comparisons to artists from a variety of genres. Pitchfork Media referred to it as the apex of the album and added that it successfully mixed Flaming Lips-style instrumentation with the energy of Prince's 1983 single "Little Red Corvette". Subsequently, Pitchfork Media gave it the number two slot in its "The Top 100 Singles of 2000-2004" feature in January 2005, bested only by OutKast's own "B.O.B.". Blender described it as a mix of soul music by Ike Turner and New Wave music by Devo and later as an "electro/folk-rock/funk/power pop/hip-hop/neo-soul/kitchen sink rave-up". Rolling Stone compared André 3000's vocals to those of "an indie-rock Little Richard" and the backing arrangement to The Beatles' 1969 album Abbey Road, later including the song in its 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. New York also likened it to The Beatles and found it to be one of the best singles of 2003. Allmusic described it as an "incandescent" mix of electro, funk, and soul music. NME likened trying to classify the song as "akin to trying to lasso water" and described it as "a monumental barney between the Camberwick Green brass band, a cruise-ship cabaret act, a cartoon gospel choir and a sucker MC hiccuping 'Shake it like a polaroid pic-chaaaa!' backed up by the cast of an amateur production of The Wizard of Oz. Sort of." This song was number four on Rolling Stone's 2009 list of the 50 Best Songs of the Decade. In 2011, NME placed it at number three on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years".
Sales and impact
"Hey Ya!" was successful in North America, topping the Billboard Hot 100 for nine weeks, from December 6, 2003 to January 31, 2004. The digital sales topped the Billboard Hot Digital Tracks for 19 weeks. The song performed well in urban contemporary markets, topping the Rhythmic Top 40 chart and reaching number nine on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks. It was also successful in mainstream music, topping the Top 40 Mainstream and Top 40 Tracks and reaching number 13 on the Adult Top 40. The song's pop rock origins allowed it some crossover success, and it reached number 16 on the Modern Rock Tracks. In September 2005, the Recording Industry Association of America certified the single triple platinum for shipping three million copies. At the 46th Grammy Awards, the song won Best Urban/Alternative Performance and was nominated for Record of the Year, but lost to Coldplay's "Clocks". "Hey Ya!" also topped the Canadian Singles Chart.
The song also performed well in Europe. In the United Kingdom, it debuted at number six on the UK Singles Chart and peaked at number three after 12 weeks, remaining on the chart for a total of 21 weeks. "Hey Ya!" topped the Norwegian singles chart for seven weeks, and it reached the top in Sweden for the first week of 2004. It performed well across the continent, reaching the top ten in Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, and Switzerland.
"Hey Ya!" debuted at number 17 on Australia's ARIA Singles Chart, and later topped the chart for two consecutive weeks. The song remained on the chart for 16 weeks and was certified double platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association. The song charted at number 61 for the 2003 end of year chart and was listed at number 15 on the 2004 chart and number five on the 2004 urban chart. It was also successful in New Zealand, reaching number two and staying on the RIANZ Singles Chart for 23 weeks.
The lyric "shake it like a Polaroid picture", along with the song's commercial success, helped to revitalize the Polaroid Corporation. Because current Polaroid film is sealed behind a clear plastic window, casually waving the picture has no effect on the film's development. Vigorously shaking the film may actually distort the image by causing the film to separate prematurely and creating blobs in the final image. Nevertheless, Polaroid sought to market off of the allusion, hiring Ryan Berger of the Euro RSCG advertising agency. Polaroid sponsored parties for OutKast, where Euro RSCG distributed Polaroid cameras. OutKast made a deal to hold Polaroid cameras during some of its performances. Polaroid does not release sales figures, but its public image, previously in decline with the growing popularity of digital cameras, was bolstered by the song.
The song's music video, directed by Bryan Barber, is based on The Beatles' landmark appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show on February 9, 1964, but sets the action in London. The beginning and end of the video blend with those of "The Way You Move" so that the two can be watched in either order, and a "The Way You Move/Hey Ya!" video combining both clips with a bridging sequence was released on the OutKast: The Videos DVD.
In the video, André 3000 plays all eight members of The Love Below: keyboardist Benjamin Andre, bassist Possum Jenkins, vocalist Ice Cold 3000, drummer Dookie Blasingame, three backing vocalists The Love Haters, and guitarist Johnny Vulture. The video opens with the band's manager Antwan (Big Boi) talking to Ice Cold 3000 and Dookie Blasingame backstage. Meanwhile, the television presenter, portrayed by Ryan Phillippe, tries to calm a crowd of screaming girls on a show being broadcast live in black-and-white. The band performs while the girls in the audience scream loudly; one girl is carried off by security after rushing the stage, and another faints. A family is shown dancing to the broadcast at home. When André 3000 instructs to "shake it like a Polaroid picture", some of the girls begin taking pictures and shaking them. Ice Cold 3000 dances with one of the girls on stage, and the video closes with several friends of the band watching and discussing the performance.
The music video was filmed in two days in August 2003 on a sound stage at Universal Studios in Los Angeles, California. The cast consisted of over 100 girls. Each of André 3000's parts was shot several times from different angles, and he performed the song 23 times during the course of filming. Because releasing "Hey Ya!" as a single was a last minute decision, André did not have time to choreograph the parts, and all of the dancing was improvised. Ice Cold 3000's sequences were the first filmed, resulting in the character's energetic performance, and Johnny Vulture's were the last, so André, exhausted from the previous takes, sat on a stool for those sequences.
The music video was successful. The video debuted on MTV's Total Request Live on September 5, 2003 at number ten. It topped the countdown for 19 days and retired at number eight on November 24, having spent 50 days on the program. At the 2004 MTV Video Music Awards, the video won four awards for Video of the Year, Best Hip-Hop Video, Best Special Effects, and Best Art Direction.
It was also nominated for Best Direction but lost to Jay-Z's "99 Problems". "Hey Ya!" was nominated for Best Short Form Music Video at the 46th Grammy Awards, but it lost to Johnny Cash's cover of Nine Inch Nails' "Hurt". In Canada, the video topped MuchMusic's Countdown for four weeks, and it won the award for Best International Group at the 2004 MuchMusic Video Awards. In 2006, Stylus Magazine listed it at number 72 on its "Top 100 Music Videos of All Time", comparing André 3000's dancing to James Brown's performances in the early 1970s.
The rock influences of "Hey Ya!" have allowed many other artists to release cover versions of the song. One of the first covers was by indie rock band Razorlight, who performed it with the London Community Gospel Choir for a BBC Radio 1 session, later releasing their version as a B-side for their single "Vice". In a similar vein, Will Young, also on the station, recorded a version of the song which became the B-side for his single "Friday's Child". Young's version also appears on the compilation album Radio 1's Live Lounge. Richard Cheese and Lounge Against the Machine recorded a lounge version of the song for their 2004 album I'd Like a Virgin. Country band The BossHoss, Latin pop singer JD Natasha, punk rock band Pennywise and rock and roll band The Supersuckers have also recorded cover versions. Organ player Booker T. Jones also recorded an instrumental version of this song, which appears on his 2009 album Potato Hole.
In 2006, Mat Weddle, frontman of the unsigned folk band Obadiah Parker, performed an acoustic cover of the song at a local open mike night, and a friend of his posted a video of the performance on YouTube. The video gained popularity on the Internet, soon becoming a viral video, and was viewed by over one million people as of 2007. Inspired by slowcore band Red House Painters, Weddle's version moves at a much slower tempo backed by a rhythmic guitar strum and converts the breakdown into a "staccato chime". The cover received international airplay and spawned many other copycat acoustic versions. In 2010, Sarah Blasko performed an acoustic cover of the song on Triple J's breakfast show with Tom Ballard & Alex Dyson during the Like a Version segment.
Formats and track listings
- Recorded at: Stankonia Studios and Tree Sound Studios in Atlanta, Georgia; Larrabee Sound Studios in Los Angeles, California.
- André 3000 – lead vocals, guitars, keyboards, production, audio programming
- Rabeka Tunei – additional vocals
- Kevin Kendricks – keyboards
- John Frye – recording engineer
- Pete Novak – recording engineer
- Robert Hannon – recording engineer
- Mike Nicholson – recording engineer
- Josh Monroy – assistant recording engineer
- Warren Bletcher – assistant recording engineer
- Rabeka Tunei – assistant recording engineer
- Kevin Davis – audio mixing
- Sean Tallman – assistant audio mixer
|Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)||4|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||18|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Wallonia)||10|
|Canada (Canadian Singles Chart)||1|
|Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)||10|
|Germany (Media Control AG)||6|
|Hungary (Dance Top 40)||5|
|New Zealand (RIANZ)||2|
|Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)||22|
|Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)||9|
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||3|
|US Alternative Songs (Billboard)||16|
|US Adult Pop Songs (Billboard)||13|
|US Billboard Hot 100||1|
|US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)||9|
|US Latin Songs (Billboard)||34|
|US Pop Songs (Billboard)||1|
|US Billboard Hot 100||20|
- "Hot 100 Decade Songs". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
- Moss, Corey. "Road To The Grammys: The Making Of Outkast's 'Hey Ya!'". MTV News. February 2, 2004. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "Hey Ya!". Rolling Stone. December 9, 2004. Retrieved June 3, 2007. Archived August 28, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Sheet music for "Hey Ya!" Hal Leonard Corporation. 2003.
- Ives, Brian and Bottomley, C. "OutKast: Two is the Magic Number". MTV News. November 7, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Vernon, Polly. "'I'm addicted to creating'". The Observer. September 18, 2005. Retrieved from Guardian Unlimited June 4, 2007.
- "Don't Shake It Like a Polaroid Picture". Fox News. February 18, 2004. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Fuchs, Cynthia. "OutKast: Speakerboxxx/The Love Below". PopMatters. October 17, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Hermes, Will. "Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (2003)". Entertainment Weekly September 11, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Southall, Nick. "Outkast - Speakerboxxx / The Love Below - Review". Stylus Magazine. September 23, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2003.
- "Pazz & Jop 2003". The Village Voice. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- "The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born: 11-50". Blender. October 2005. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- DiCrescenzo, Brent. "Outkast: Speakerboxxx/The Love Below". Pitchfork Media. September 23, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "The Top 100 Singles of 2000-04, Part Two". Pitchfork Media. January 31, 2005. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
- "Outkast : Speakerboxxx/The Love Below". Blender. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- Caramanica, Jon. "Outkast: Speakerboxxx/The Love Below: Music Reviews". Rolling Stone, issue 933. September 24, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Brown, Ethan. "Dynamic Duo". New York. October 26, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Speakerboxxx/The Love Below > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- "OutKast : Hey Ya". NME. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- Hermes, Will; Hoard, Christian; Rosen, Jody; Sheffield, Rob (December 24, 2009), "50 Best Songs of the Decade". Rolling Stone. (1094/1095):59-62
- "150 Best Tracks Of The Past 15 Years". NME. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Outkast - Hey Ya!: Charts". Music Square. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "Outkast". Rock on the Net. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "Speakerboxxx/The Love Below > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "46th Grammy Awards - 2004". Rock on the Net. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2004 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "ARIA Charts - End Of Year Charts - Top 100 Singles 2003". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "ARIA Charts - End Of Year Charts - Top 100 Singles 2004". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "ARIA Charts - End Of Year Charts - Urban Singles 2004". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "Polaroid warns buyers not to 'shake it'". Reuters. February 18, 2004. Retrieved from CNN June 3, 2007.
- Sanders, Holly M. "Industry Riddles Bind Ad Clan". New York Post. September 24, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2007.
- Leonard, Devin. "Why The Scooters Have Polka Dots Target and others embrace stunts to cut through the clutter." Fortune. June 28, 2004. Retrieved June 14, 2007.
- Walker, Andrea K. "Hip-hop, Polaroid form unlikely commercial deal". The Baltimore Sun. 2004. Retrieved from The Seattle Times June 14, 2007.
- Kaufman, Gil. "Outkast's 'Hey Ya!' Clip Ran Andre 3000 Into The Ground: VMA Lens Recap". MTV News. September 19, 2003. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Moss, Corey. "Outkast's Big Boi Shoots 'Artsy Fartsy' Clip With Magical Hottie Mechanics". MTV News. August 6, 2003. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- "The TRL Archive – Debuts". Popfusion. Retrieved June 3, 2007. Archived March 28, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "The TRL Archive – Number Ones". Popfusion. Retrieved June 3, 2007. Archived March 29, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "The TRL Archive – Hall of Fame". Popfusion. Retrieved June 3, 2007. Archived September 27, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "2004 MTV Video Music Awards". Rock on the Net. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "MuchMusic Countdown". MuchMusic. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "MMVA 04". MuchMusic. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- "Top 100 Music Videos of All Time". Stylus Magazine. July 18, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2007.
- Craven, Scott. "Acoustic 'Hey'day". The Arizona Republic. October 2, 2006.
- "Vice" (Release notes). Razorlight. Mercury Records. 2004. 986 775 8.
- "Friday's Child" (Release notes). Will Young. Bertelsmann Music Group. 2004. 82876 623932.
- "Radio 1's Live Lounge > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Jeffries, David. "I'd Like a Virgin > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Imperfecta/Imperfect > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (March 30, 2010). "Lady Gaga's 'Bad Romance' Joins 'Since U Been Gone,' 'Hey Ya' As Irresistible Cover Fodder". MTV News. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "Hey Ya!: Supersuckers". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Leggett, Steve. "Potato Hole > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "Outkast's 'Hey Ya' Goes Acoustic". Spin. August 21, 2006. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Rodgers, Larry. "Acoustic trio Obadiah Parker ready for Tempe fest". The Arizona Republic. March 28, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Dominic, Serene. "Obadiah Parker". Phoenix New Times. May 17, 2007. Retrieved June 4, 2007.
- "Like A Version: Sarah Blasko - Hey Ya!". ABC.net.au. October 22, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "Hey Ya!" (single) (Release notes). OutKast. Arista Records. 2004. 82876-61104-7.
- "Hey Ya!" (single) (Release notes). OutKast. Arista Records. 2003. 882876 558042.
- "Hey Ya!" (single) (Release notes). OutKast. Arista Records. 2003. 82876558032.
- "Hey Ya!" (in German). Amazon.de. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- "Hey Ya!" (single) (Release notes). OutKast. Arista Records. 2003. 82876 57953 1.
- "Hey Ya! [CD 2]" (in German). Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (Album notes). Outkast. Arista Records. 2003. 82876 52905 2.
- "Australian-charts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Outkast – Hey Ya! – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Ultratop.be – Outkast – Hey Ya!" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Ultratop.be – Outkast – Hey Ya!" (in French). Ultratop 50. Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Danishcharts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!". Tracklisten. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Finnishcharts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!". Suomen virallinen lista. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Lescharts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!" (in French). Les classement single. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ – Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége" (in Hungarian). Dance Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége.
- "Chart Track". Irish Singles Chart. Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Italiancharts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!". Top Digital Download. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Charts.org.nz – Outkast – Hey Ya!". Top 40 Singles. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 28, 2004" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!". VG-lista. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Outkast – Hey Ya!". Singles Top 60. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Outkast – Hey Ya! – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Alternative Songs for OutKast. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for OutKast. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for OutKast. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast Album & Song Chart History" Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Songs for OutKast. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Latin Songs for OutKast. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "OutKast Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for OutKast. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "The Billboard Hot 100 Singles & Tracks - Decade Year End Charts". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 18, 2011.