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According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 529.56 square miles (1,371.6 km2), of which 527.65 square miles (1,366.6 km2) (or 99.64%) is land and 1.91 square miles (4.9 km2) (or 0.36%) is water.
- U.S. Route 1
U.S. Route 1 Business (Louisville)
U.S. Route 1 Business (Wadley)
- U.S. Route 221
- U.S. Route 319
- State Route 4
- State Route 4 Business (Louisville and Wadley)
- State Route 17
- State Route 24
- State Route 47
- State Route 78
- State Route 80
- State Route 88
- State Route 102
- State Route 171
- State Route 242
- State Route 296
- State Route 540 (Fall Line Freeway) (future)
- McDuffie County, Georgia - north
- Richmond County, Georgia - northeast
- Burke County, Georgia - east
- Emanuel County, Georgia - south
- Johnson County, Georgia - southwest
- Glascock County, Georgia - northwest
- Washington County, Georgia - west
- Warren County, Georgia - north-northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,266 people, 6,339 households, and 4,545 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,221 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.28% Black or African American, 42.09% White, 0.12% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,339 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.20% were married couples living together, 23.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,120, and the median income for a family was $31,380. Males had a median income of $27,649 versus $18,686 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,491. About 19.30% of families and 23.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.90% of those under age 18 and 28.80% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Central Savannah River Area
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Georgia
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- The Jefferson County Information Center Website
- The Friends of Historic Downtown Louisville Website
- The Fire House Gallery Website - Contemporary art in Jefferson County
- Videos about life in Jefferson County by Fire Team Productions
- A Genealogy table for Jefferson County, Georgia
- USA Today Q&A with Jefferson County High principal Molly Howard
- The News and Farmer and Wadley Herald/ Jefferson Reporter, the county's weekly newspaper and the oldest weekly newspaper in Georgia.
- The Official Jefferson County Economic Development Website