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Kota Samarahan is the administrative seat of the Samarahan District (407.1 square kilometres) in Samarahan Division, Sarawak, east Malaysia. It is located about 30 kilometers from Kuching. The district population (year 2010 census) was 87,923. Kota Samarahan is the main education hub for Sarawak State and officially known as "Town of Knowledge".
Kota Samarahan was once known as Muara Tuang which was at that time a small trading village in the area. The village was linked to Kuching via a road only in the early 1970s. Before that, the only means of transport to the village was via the river. Development in the small village accelerated with the construction of a 25-kilometre road linking Kota Samarahan to Kuching.
Kota Samarahan is almost a suburb of the greater metropolitan area of Kuching, in the Kuching Division. It is located about 30 km south east of Kuching. The lands in Samarahan are mostly non-hilly, flat and low-lying. Most of the soils are peat soils which are ideal for coconut, oil palm and pineapples plantation. Most of the development in the Samarahan Division is concentrated in Kota Samarahan.
Agriculture is still the main economic activity in Kota Samarahan but light industries are slowly moving in. The service sector, especially the in education related-sector, is increasingly becoming significant in Samarahan. Commercial centres are slowly mushrooming to cater for the increasing population.
Kota Samarahan has a concentration of universities and educational facilities and thus forms the educational hub for Sarawak. Institutions of higher learning in the area includes Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Universiti Teknologi MARA Kota Samarahan Campus (2 campuses), Institute of Teacher Education (Tun Abdul Razak Campus) and Kota Samarahan Industrial Training Institute (ILPKS).
Heart Centre, Sarawak General Hospital (SGH Heart Centre) is located in Kota Samarahan. The RM400 million centre, formerly known as Sarawak International Medical Centre (SIMC) equipped with highly skilled cardiac specialist, modern and latest technology. Other than that, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) has proposed to build a teaching hospital for its Medicine and Health Sciences Faculty under the 10th Malaysia Plan.
The Summer Mall (Under Construction) - The Summer Mall is an integrated development comprising retail , dining, entertainment and recreational facilities as well as studio apartments and a boutique hotel which embraces the latest Go Green concepts. The 3 storey (above ground) shopping mall comprises of an established hypermarket and departmental store, a reputable Cineplex , timezone , karaoke, 335 retail lots with a wide range of trade mix including fashion & lifestyle retails, food & beverages, entertainment and providing ample parking lots.
Prior to the 1990s, the shortest means of access into Samarahan from Kuching was via the ferry at Sungai Kuap other than direct road access via Jalan Datuk Muhamad Musa which takes more distance to travel through. The construction of a bridge has further shortened the road distance from between Kuching-Kota Samarahan to 11 kilometers. This new road, Kuching-Kota Samarahan Expressway, links Kota Samarahan with the major industrial areas of Pending, Demak Laut and Sama Jaya. This new road currently undergoing expansion in anticipation of increased traffic between Kuching-Samarahan due to the increasing population in Samarahan.
- "Sejarah Bahagian Samarahan". Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Sarawak Government Almanac, PNMB Kuching, 2010, "Samarahan District is launched as a new Division."
- "World Gazetter: Malaysia – largest cities (per geographical entity)". Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "Sarawak Property Bulletin". C H Williams Talhar Wong & Yeo Sdn Bhd. June 2008. Retrieved 14 March 2009.