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Lord Kinloss is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1602 for Edward Bruce, later Master of the Rolls, with remainder to his heirs and assigns whatsoever. In 1604 he was also made Lord Bruce of Kinloss, with remainder to his heirs male, and in 1608 Lord Bruce of Kinloss, with remainder to any of his heirs. He was succeeded by his son, the second Lord, who was killed in a duel in 1613.
His younger brother, the third Lord, was created Earl of Elgin in 1633, with remainder to heirs male whatsoever, bearing the name and arms of Bruce. In 1641 he was also created Baron Bruce of Whorlton in the Peerage of England. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He was created Baron Bruce of Skelton, Viscount Bruce of Ampthill and Earl of Ailesbury in the Peerage of England in 1664.
His grandson, the fourth Earl of Elgin, was the last male descendant of the first Lord Kinloss and had no male heirs of his own. He therefore chose as his heir his nephew the Hon. Thomas Brudenell, fourth son of George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan. In 1746 he was given the additional title of Baron Bruce of Tottenham with remainder to the Hon. Thomas. On his death in 1747 the earldom of Ailesbury, viscountcy of Bruce of Ampthill and barony of Bruce of Skelton became extinct. The rest of his titles took three different lines of descent. He was succeeded in the two lordships of Bruce and Kinloss (created in 1604 and 1608) and the earldom of Elgin by his kinsman the ninth Earl of Kincardine (see Earl of Elgin and Earl of Kincardine for later history of these peerages). The barony of Bruce of Skelton passed according to the special remainder to his nephew Thomas, the second Baron (see the Marquess of Ailesbury for later history of this title).
The status of the lordship of Kinloss became uncertain. However, in 1868 the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords decided that the rightful heir to the title was James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos, as the son of Lady Mary Bruce, daughter of the fourth Earl of Elgin. However, he never assumed the title. On the death of the Duke, the dukedom became extinct.
The heir to the lordship of Kinloss was his only child, Anne, Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos and de jure eighth Lady Kinloss, the wife of Richard Temple-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. In 1868 her grandson, Richard Temple-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, established his right to the lordship before the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords, and became the tenth Lord Kinloss. On his death in 1889 the dukedom became extinct, while the lordship passed to his eldest daughter Mary. As of 2012 the title is held by the latter's great-granddaughter Teresa Mary Nugent Freeman-Grenville, 13th Lady Kinloss, who succeeded her mother in that year.
Lords Kinloss (1602)
- Edward Bruce, 1st Lord Kinloss (1548–1611)
- Edward Bruce, 2nd Lord Kinloss (1594–1613)
- Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin, 3rd Lord Kinloss (1599–1663)
- Robert Bruce, 2nd Earl of Elgin, 1st Earl of Ailesbury, 4th Lord Kinloss (1627–1685)
- Thomas Bruce, 3rd Earl of Elgin, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, 5th Lord Kinloss (1656–1741)
- Charles Bruce, 4th Earl of Elgin, 6th Lord Kinloss (1682–1747)
- James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos, de jure 7th Lord Kinloss (1731–1789)
- Anne Elizabeth Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, de jure 8th Lady Kinloss (1779–1836)
- Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, de jure 9th Lord Kinloss (1797–1861)
- Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, 10th Lord Kinloss (1823–1889)
- Mary Morgan-Grenville, 11th Lady Kinloss (1852–1944)
- (Beatrice) Mary Grenville Freeman-Grenville, 12th Lady Kinloss (1922–2012)
- Teresa Mary Nugent Freeman-Grenville, 13th Lady Kinloss (b. 1957)
The heiress presumptive to the peerage is her sister, Hon. Hester Haworth (b. 1960).
- Earl of Elgin
- Earl of Kincardine
- Marquess of Ailesbury
- Duke of Chandos
- Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages