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The maximum potential intensity of a tropical cyclone is the theoretical limit of the strength of a tropical cyclone. It is computed using the following formula:
Where is the maximum potential velocity in meters per second; is the sea surface temperature underneath the center of the tropical cyclone, is a reference temperature (30 ˚C) and , and are curve-fit constants. When , , and , the graph generated by this function corresponds to the 99th percentile of empirical tropical cyclone intensity data.
- DeMaria, Mark; John Kaplan (September 1994). "Sea Surface Temperature and the Maximum Intensity of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones". Journal of Climate (American Meteorological Society) 7 (9): 1324–1334. Bibcode:1994JCli....7.1324D. doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<1324:SSTATM>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 1520-0442. Retrieved 2008-07-30.