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Plainview is a hamlet (and census-designated place) located on Long Island in the town of Oyster Bay, Nassau County, New York, USA. The population of the CDP as of 2010 was 26,217. The Plainview post office has the ZIP code 11803.
Plainview and its neighboring hamlet, Old Bethpage, share a school system, library, fire department, and water district. Law enforcement for the communities is provided by the Nassau County Police Department, with the Second Precinct serving areas north of Old Country Road and Eighth Precinct serving areas south of Old Country Road. Plainview is split between the 2nd congressional district of New York and the 3rd congressional district of New York.
Plainview is located at (40.779911, -73.479483).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.7 square miles (15 km2). Plainview shares a border with Suffolk County and the hamlets of Jericho, Hicksville, Old Bethpage, Melville, West Hills, Syosset, and Woodbury. Located approximately seven miles from the Long Island Sound, Plainview is considered to be on the southern most boundary of the North Shore.
The Long Island Expressway (I-495) and Northern State Parkway pass across the northern part of Plainview. The exits for Plainview from the Long Island Expressway are 45, 46, and 48. The exits for Plainview from the Northern State Parkway are 36S, 36A and B, 37, and 38. NY-135 (Seaford-Oyster Bay Expressway) is a north-south route.
Plainview's history dates to 1648, when Robert Williams, a settler from Wales, bought land in the area. The land was considered desirable for farming because of a small pond named the Moscopas by local native Americans, meaning "hole of dirt and water". The remainder of the land in the area was purchased by Thomas Powell in 1695 as part of the Bethpage Purchase. The name "Mannatto Hill" had already appeared on the 1695 deed of the Bethpage Purchase, and the settlement came to be called "Manetto Hill". Manitou was the Native American word either for "god" or for "spirit".
The 1837 arrival of the Long Island Rail Road to nearby Hicksville brought a boom to local farming. In 1885, residents of Manetto Hill petitioned the United States Postal Service for a local post office, but were turned down because, according to several accounts, a similar name was already in use upstate. The hamlet was then named "Plainview", for the view of the Hempstead Plains from the top of the Manetto Hills.
Plainview remained a farming community, famous for growing cucumbers for the huge Heinz pickle factories located in nearby Farmingdale and Hicksville. In the early 1900s blight destroyed the cucumber crop and many farmers switched to potatoes. After World War II, a potato blight combined with the desire of many returning GIs to leave New York City for the more rural Long Island, convinced many farmers to sell their property, leading to massive development in the area, giving rise to so-called suburban sprawl. Between 1950 and 1960, the hamlet grew from a population of 1,155 to more than 35,000. Most of the available land was developed during this period or otherwise designated as parkland. While overall development declined it did continue sporadically as smaller remaining parcels of land were also developed. In recent years, some of few large remaining parcels have given way to gated communities, which are in contrast to most housing in the area. Some of these developments include "The Hamlet on Olde Oyster Bay"  and "The Seasons at Plainview", a residential community focused on over age 55 residents and first time home buyers.
As of a 2007 estimate, there were 27,677 people, 8,556 households, and 7,315 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,478.2 per square mile (1,730.5/km²). There were 8,638 housing units at an average density of 1,508.9/sq mi (583.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.98% White 2.32% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.
There were 8,556 households out of which 58.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 88.2% were married couples living together. 13.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the CDP was $126,045, and the median income for a family was $151,780. Males had a median income of $89,032 versus $61,480 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $76,634.None of the families and 0.8% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 0.7% of those over 64
Houses of Worship
There are numerous houses of worship located throughout Plainview and Old Bethpage. Churches include, Good Shepherd Lutheran Church, Church of Jesus Christ of LDS, Plainview United Methodist Church, Plainview Reformed Church, St. Pius X and Episcopal Church of St. Margaret, which includes a cemetery in its backwoods. Jewish temples include: Manetto Hills Jewish Center, Midway Jewish Center, Plainview Jewish Center, Temple Beth Elohim and Temple Chaverim. In addition, there is also the Guru Gobind Singh Sikh Center, Inc., a Sikh temple. This temple's building formerly housed the Bethel United Pentecostal Church.
School and library system
The Plainview-Old Bethpage Central School District operates one high school, Plainview-Old Bethpage John F. Kennedy High School, two middle schools, Howard B. Mattlin  (named after a former president of the school board)  and Plainview-Old Bethpage Middle School, and four elementary schools Parkway (due to its proximity to the Northern State Parkway), Pasadena, Old Bethpage, and Stratford Road. There is also one Kindergarten Center, a school just for kindergarteners, connected to Stratford Road Elementary School.
History of the schools
The Plainview-Old Bethpage School District was referred to as Central School District #4 until the 1970s.
Two schools in Plainview have had the name Manetto Hill School. The original building was a one room school house, built in 1899. This building, which still stands, is adjacent to the much larger school of the same name, which was built in the 1950s. Today, both buildings are owned by the Mid-Island Y-JCC. The original building is immediately north of the JCC. The entrance to the building is on the front left side, but if you look closely on the right side opposite the entrance, you'll see the outline of what had been another door. When originally built, the building had separate entrances for boys and girls. The right door, now sealed off, was the girls entrance. The building now serves as an office for the Nassau-Suffolk Region B'nai B'rith Youth Organization.
Plainview once had two high schools, Plainview-Old Bethpage High School (opened February 23, 1960) and John F. Kennedy High School (built 1966); the schools were merged in 1992. Plainview-Old Bethpage High School is now Plainview-Old Bethpage Middle School; the building which formerly housed the Plainview-Old Bethpage Middle School (formerly known as Plainview Junior High), now houses both Stratford Road Elementary School and the Kindergarten Center.
Old Bethpage also had its own two room school house, named the Little Red Schoolhouse. This building, which stood until the 1970s, was located, appropriately enough, on Schoolhouse Road, just off of Round Swamp Road. The building was torn down and the property developed into several houses.
After a period of significant increases in classroom space in the 1950s and '60s declining enrollment led to school closures in the 1970s. As a part of these school closings, the district also reorganized its schools from K-3, 4-6, 7-9, and 10-12, to K-4, 5-8 and 9-12, in process renaming its junior high schools as "middle" schools.
- Central Park Road (July 1, 1976) (demolished, present site of the Residence Inn Marriott)
- Fern Place (July 1, 1974) (currently leased to the Association for Children with Down Syndrome)
- Jamaica Avenue (now houses 2 day care/preschool centers, a senior center, and a [Gymboree] center.)
- Joyce Road (July 1, 1978) (now the Hebrew Academy of Nassau County)
- The Little Red School House (demolished)
- Manetto Hill Road I (now the offices of the Mid-Island Y JCC of Plainview}
- Manetto Hill Road II (now the Mid-Island Y JCC of Plainview- Main Building)
- Oak Drive (July 1, 1976) (demolished)
The Plainview Library was first established in 1956, in rented space in the Morton Village Shopping Center. Significant increases in population caused the library to outgrow this space. In March 1962, voters approved a $711,000 bond issue to pay for the purchase of a nearly three acre parcel of land and development of a new library building. Two years later, the library moved into its new facilities. Since its construction, the building has had two major expansions to better serve the community's needs, including increased audio/visual and internet demands. In 2008, the library was made eligible to receive financing from the New York State Dormitory Authority, furthering its ability to develop and modernize its facilities in the future.
Plainview has numerous community parks tucked in between homes. Its primary park is the 19-acre (77,000 m2) Plainview-Old Bethpage Community Park, located on Washington Avenue. Opened in 1960, this park features an Olympic size pool, a children's pool, baseball/softball fields, tennis courts, racquetball/handball courts, basketball courts, a newly-built children's recreation playground, and trails through its woods. During the summer the park runs a concession stand. Parks in Plainview are administered by either the Nassau County Department of Parks, Recreation and Museums or the Town of Oyster Bay. In addition, the town is home to a nature preserve called the Manetto Hills Park. This undeveloped parkland was the formerly known as the Shattuck Estate.
Plainview was home to several grand Gold Coast estates.
- The Schwarzenbach Estate. Robert Schwarzenbach was a very successful textile manufacturer, who purchased an estate on Manetto Hill. The house was demolished long ago to make way for homes, however, one outbuilding still exists. It is located in the Manetto Hills Shopping Center. This building, originally the home provided to the estate's gardener, operated for many years as Malarkey's Tavern. The building presently houses a veterinarian's office. In addition, until the 1990s, a second building was still standing. This building, which had been the estate's chicken coop, was converted into a residence, where the gardener mentioned above eventually moved with his wife. It was located on Manetto Hill Road, just across from Nick Place.
- The Shattuck Estate. The Shattuck Estate was purchased by successful New York City attorney, Edwin Paul Shattuck, who lived there until he died in the 1960s. He was a member of the Shattuck family which owned the Frank G. Shattuck Company. The company operated, among other things, a restaurant chain known as Schrafft Foods. Mr. Shattuck was personal attorney for President Herbert Hoover. They were best friends and died within three days of each other. The property, which totals approximately 138 acres (0.56 km2), was almost developed in the 1970s until community activists forced the county to purchase the property and leave it as a nature preserve. It is located on Washington Avenue and has no signage to indicate its presence. The property's main house still exists. A portion of the property now houses the AHRC's Helen Kaplan Project. A program for developmentally disabled adults.
- The property known as the Nassau County Office Complex, located between the split of Old Country Road and Round Swamp Road, was once home to the Nassau County Sanitarium, a tuberculosis ward. Built on the Taliaferro Estate, primarily in Old Bethpage, the sanitarium was authorized by the Nassau County Board of Supervisors in 1930, and was completed in the early part of the same decade. As tuberculosis was brought under control, the complex of Georgian style buildings was closed in the 1960s. Following its closure, the facility was given over to mixed use, including the establishment of a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center in 1976 and a branch of the Cornell Cooperative Extension. In 1999, Charles Wang, founder of Computer Associates purchased the 144-acre (0.58 km2) property from the county for $23 million. Included in the purchase was 1535 Old Country Road, which now houses the corporate offices of the New York Islanders and New York Dragons, both of which are owned by Wang. In addition, the building is home to the Plainview Chinese Cultural Center, an organization founded by Wang.
Until the 1980s there were several movie theaters in the community. When the mutliplexes built in Hicksville and Commack drew patrons away from the local theaters, they all were converted to office or retail use.
- Century's Morton Village, Morton Village Shopping Center. This theater, located at the western end of the shopping center, was converted to retail space.
- Old Country Theater. Located at the intersection of Old Country Road and Manetto Hill Road. This theater was immediately west of the Shell gas station. The building was converted to an office building, housing mostly medical offices.
- RKO Plainview Twin. This movie theater was located behind the Plainview Centre on South Oyster Bay Road. This building was converted (and expanded) into today's Shoprite.
- The Plainview, A Century Theater. This theater was located on South Oyster Bay Road (facing the Plainview Centre, noted above) and, therefore, technically, was in Hicksville, South Oyster Bay Road being the boundary line between Plainview and Hicksville. It was converted into an office building, housing mostly medical offices.
Plainview houses WPOB 88.5 FM, the local radio station inside of the Plainview-Old Bethpage John F. Kennedy High School. The school shares the same frequency as Syosset High School's WKWZ station.
Notable current and former residents
- Bruce Berman, film and television composer and studio musician, now residing in Los Angeles
- Jessica Brungo, basketball player for the Connecticut Sun of the WNBA
- Harrison Chad, actor, played Boots the Monkey on Dora the Explorer on Nickelodeon and starred in Caroline, or Change. (Class of 2010)
- Diane Franklin, actress who has appeared in several made-for-television movies, as well as the film The Last American Virgin, graduated in 1980 from Plainview Old-Bethpage High School
- Jack Gallagher, composer recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra, graduated in 1965 from Plainview-Old Bethpage High School.
- Brad Greenberg, head coach of the Radford University men's basketball team; graduate of Plainview JFK High School (Class of '72)
- Seth Greenberg, head coach of the Virginia Tech men's basketball team; graduate of Plainview JFK High School (Class of '74)
- Danielle Harris, actress, modern scream queen most known for playing Annie Brackett in the Halloween (franchise) series.
- Marc Iavaroni, assistant coach of the Toronto Raptors; graduate of Plainview JFK High School (Class of '74)
- Aaron Karo, professional comedian; graduate of Plainview-Old Bethpage JFK High School (Class of '97)
- Fern Kupfer, author, was raised in Plainview
- Steven Markowitz, professional rapper, goes by stage name Hoodie Allen; graduate of Plainview-Old Bethpage JFK High School (Class of '06.) 
- Jill Martin, television and sports broadcasting personality
- Lisa Matassa, country singer and originator of "Long Island Country"
- Jeffrey Miller, one of four students shot to death by the Ohio National Guard on the campus of Kent State University on May 4, 1970. The Guard had been summoned to the campus after student protests over the preceding weekend Miller is the victim show in the iconic John Filo photo of the bloody day. He was born and raised in Plainview.
- Tommy Rainone, welterweight boxer; graduate of Plainview Old Bethpage John F. Kennedy High School (Class of '98).
- Terry Finn, Teresa Jo Ann Bernadette 'Terry' Finn is an American actress best known for creating the role of Gussie Carnegie in the original Broadway cast of the Stephen Sondheim/Hal Prince/George Furth musical comedy Merrily We Roll Along. Lived in Plainview (1955–1974)
- John Savage (born John Youngs; August 25, 1949), actor, best known for his performances in The Deer Hunter and Hair, graduated from Plainview-Old Bethpage High School in 1967.
- Charles W. Shea, World War II veteran and recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor. Ordered to take a hill near Mount Damiano, Italy, Shea proceeded alone, lobbing grenades at the enemy and engaging in a fire fight. He killed three gunners and ultimately obtained the surrender of six enemy soldiers before completing his mission and taking the hill.
- LaDanian Tomlinson, running back in NFL, resided in Hamlet on Olde Oyster Bay for a number of years
- Scott Ullger, first base coach and outfield instructor for the Minnesota Twins of the American League.
- Danny Werfel, acting Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service, graduate of John F. Kennedy High School (Class of '89).
- Robin Young (born Robin Cardwell Youngs) (Class of '68), well-known television and radio personality in the Boston area. She currently hosts Public Radio International's daily news magazine Here and Now which is produced at WBUR in Boston.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Plainview CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Patrol Division Nassau County Police Department". Police.co.nassau.ny.us. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "Patrol Division Nassau County Police Department". Police.co.nassau.ny.us. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Plainview-Old Bethpage Chamber of Commerce History".
- Maximilian Schele De Vere (1872). Americanisms: The English of the New World. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- "Newsday - History of Plainview".
- There is a small community in Putnam County, New York that is named Manitou, in the 10524 ZIP code and presently served by the Garrison Post Office. There is also a town and a hamlet in Oswego County, NY, named Minetto, with its own post office and 11315 ZIP code.
- Hamlet on Olde Oyster Bay
- hso-Seasons at Plainview
- "Plainview CDP, New York - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- "Contact Aeroflex." Aeroflex. Retrieved on January 11, 2012. "35 South Service Road P.O. Box 6022 Plainview , NY 11803-0622"
- Unknown (1960-11-29). "Four-Part School is Planned on Long Island". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- SCHOOL PLAN REJECTED; $4,975,000 Building Program Fails in Plainview, L. I.
- Unknown (1960-05-02). "Plainview Dedicates School". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- Terte, Robert H. (1964-12-08). "Plainview School To Fit New Plan". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- [>Unknown (1958-08-03). "3 New L. I. Schools Approved". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- Silver, Roy R. (1974-03-17). "Plainview Will Close 4 Schools by 1978-1979". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- Plainview Library Voted
- L.I. Library Seeks $190,000 to Buy Site
- Plainview Library to Be Closed
- Expansion Planned at POB Library
- Update for Residents on Plainview Old Bethpage Public Library Expansion
- Key Support Obtained for Plainview-Old Bethpage Library
- Town of Oyster Bay- Parks Division
- ",000,000 Park Dedicated". The New York Times. 1962-05-21.
- "L.I. Park Will Open New Pool In August". The New York Times. 1961-03-12.
- Unknown (1937-03-15). "FRANK G. SHATTUCK OF SCHRAFFT'S DIES". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- Save Americas Forests: Carl Ross
- Encyclopedia of the Unincorporated Village of Bethpage
- Unknown (1932-04-14). "$5,000,000 Bonds For Nassau County". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- McMorrow, Fred (1976-11-07). "Beyond the Drunk Tank". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
- NY Camping Review
- "The Long Island and New York City News Source". Newsday. 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Charles Wang Foundation Donates Plainview Chinese School to Enrich Asian Cultural Offerings For Long Islanders
- The Broadway League. "The official source for Broadway Information". IBDB. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- composer biography at Naxos Records website.
- Balk, Brenda and Mitchell, Jeff (11 March 2002). "Kupfer maintains connections". Iowa State Daily. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- Hoodie Allen.
- "Suburban Mom Introduces "Long Island Country Rock"". American Homes. January 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
- Newsday LI History: Charles W. Shea
- World War II History: Charles W.Shea
- Our Town: Life in Plainview-Old Bethpage 1600 Through Tomorrow, by Richard Koubek, published in 1987
- Plainview-Old Bethpage Chamber of Commerce
- Plainview-Old Bethpage Central School District
- Plainview-Old Bethpage Library
- Plainview-Old Bethpage Fire Department
- Plainview-Old Bethpage Herald
- North Shore LIJ - Plainview Hospital
- Hawks Youth Lacrosse
- Greater Long Island Runners Club
- Plainview-Old Bethpage Highlanders Soccer Club
- Mid Island Y JCC