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|Royal Victoria Hospital|
|McGill University Health Centre|
|Location||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Care system||RAMQ (Quebec medicare)|
|Affiliated university||McGill University Faculty of Medicine|
|Speciality||General medicine, Surgery, Organ Transplantation|
|Lists||Hospitals in Canada|
The Royal Victoria Hospital or as it is popularly known, the "Royal Vic" or "The Vic", is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is located at 687 Pine Avenue on the slope of Mount Royal in the borough of Ville-Marie.
It has nine pavilions: Administrative (A), Centennial (C), Outpatient clinics (E), Women's (F), Hersey (H), Medical Labs (L), Medical (M), Surgical (S), and Ross (R). The A, E, and L pavilions form what was the original hospital and were designed by Henry Saxon Snell in the Scottish baronial style.
The Royal Victoria Hospital was established in 1893, through the financial contributions of two Scottish immigrants, Donald Smith and George Stephen. The two men each provided half C$500,000 for the construction of the hospital on the condition that the City of Montreal sold ten acres of land on the slopes of Mount Royal. The hospital originally had 150 employees, including 14 medical doctors.
The Scottish architect Henry Saxon Snell drew the plans for the building, inspired by the Scottish baronial style of the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh with its crenelated structures and turrets. The original part of the building was completed in 1893. It was enlarged by the addition of new wings of the same architectural style.
The H pavilion opened in 1905 as the nurses' residence (see below). The 1920s saw the addition of the Women's and Ross Memorial pavilions. Another expansion was completed in the early 1950s giving the hospital its M and S pavilions; a portion of the original hospital was demolished to accomplish this. Lastly the C pavilion, housing the emergency room, birthing centre, and a large modern ICU opened in 1993. A time capsule is located in the wall facing the C pavilion's elevators on the ground floor.
Over the years, the philanthropy of many prominent members of Montreal's English speaking community helped make the hospital a major centre of healthcare and learning.
In 1920, the hospital became a medical research institute through the McGill University Faculty of Medicine. In 1929, Dr. Wilder Penfield established the Montreal Neurological Institute adjacent to the hospital. Among the list of medical achievements at the Royal Victoria was the first successful organ transplant in the Commonwealth in 1958. It was achieved by a team led by nephrologist John Dossetor and surgeons Joe Luke and Ken MacKinnon. Today, the Royal Victoria Hospital is part of the McGill University Health Centre.
The Hersey Pavilion, also known as the H Pavilion was one of the first purpose-built nurses' residences in Canada. It is located on the hospital campus, and was constructed in 1905, It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1997 in recognition of the important role the building played in the training and professionalism of nurses in Canada.
A little-known summertime gem is the hospital's outdoor pool and patio located between the Hersey pavilion and Allan Memorial Institute. It is open to the public for a $5 entrance fee.
The RVH is set to move to the Glen Campus as part of the redevelopment of the MUHC. The new hospital will be built as a public-private partnership (PPP). An open bidding process between two architectural consortia was completed in late 2009 with the selection of the winning bid. Construction began in 2010 and will be completed in 2015.
The post-2015 future of the Royal Vic is unclear as no studies have yet been conducted for its reuse.
- Montreal General Hospital
- Montreal Neurological Institute
- Molson Stadium
- Mount Royal
- Allan Memorial Institute
- Neville, Terry (1994). The Royal Vic: The story of Montreal's Royal Victoria Hospital. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press. ISBN 0-7735-1170-9 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK].
- "Hersey Pavilion". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
- Hersey Pavilion. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
- Cool Down in Montreal's Best Pools|url=http://www.tourisme-montreal.org/blog/what-to-do/heat-wave-montreal-pools
- Annmarie Adams, Medicine by Design: The Architect and the Modern Hospital, 1893-1943. University of Minnesota Press, 2008.
- Photograph: Aerial View of the Royal Victoria Hospital circa 1925. McCord Museum
- Photograph: Royal Victoria Hospital circa 1918. McCord Museum