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Politics and government of
The Supreme Court of Iceland (Icelandic: Hæstiréttur Íslands, lit. Highest Court) holds the highest judicial power in Iceland. It is the oldest court of law in Iceland and the higher of the two court branches, while the District Courts of Iceland are the lower. Nine judges sit in the court and hold command over the President of Iceland in accordance with proposals from the minister of justice. The court is not mentioned by name in the constitution of Iceland but is validated in lög um dómstóla nr. 15/1998. The Supreme Court of Iceland is located at Lindargötu 2 in Reykjavík, in a building that was specially built for that purpose and that came into use in 1996.
The Court was founded under Act No. 22/1919 and held its first session on 16 February 1920. Previously, the Landsyfirréttur had been the highest domestic court, but one was permitted to appeal to the Supreme Court of Denmark in Copenhagen. The establishment of the Supreme Court moved the final word in Icelandic cases home to Iceland.
The current Chief Justice of the court is Mark Sigurbjörnsson.
- "Islands tidligere statsminister stilles for riksrett". Aftenposten (in Norwegian) (Oslo, Norway). NTB. September 28, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010.