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|Owner||Xi'an Municipal People's Government|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||17|
|Daily ridership||161,500 (2012 Avg.)|
|Annual ridership||59 million (2012)|
|Began operation||16 September 2011|
|Operator(s)||Xi'an Municipal People's Government Subway Construction|
|System length||20.5 km (13 mi)|
|Track gauge||1435 mm (standard gauge)|
|Average speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|Top speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
The Xi'an Metro also known as Xi'an Subway is a metro system in the city of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province in China. Xi'an began its metro system plan in the mid-1980s. The Plan was first submitted to the State Council in 1994, with 4 lines planned, with a total 73.17 km. In Feb 2004, the re-drafted Plan was submitted to the State Government, which received a final approval on September 13, 2006.
Line 2 began construction on 29 September 2006, and Line 1 started on October 30, 2008. Four other routes are also planned to start in 2011 and finish around 2020. When completed, the total system will span 251.8 km (156.5 mi); will mainly service the urban and suburban districts of Xi'an municipality, and part of Xianyang City.
The first line, Line 2, opened to the public on September 16, 2011.
The first line, Line 2, began construction along Chang An street on 29 September 2006, and was completed in 2011. It runs north-south and passes under such historic sites as the Bell Tower and city wall. It is 26.6 km long with 23.5 km lying underground, approximately 20 meters below the surface. It is estimated to have cost 17.9 billion Yuan (US$2.24 billion). The route stretches from the Xi'an North Railway Station (recently completed) to Weiqu South with 20 stops in between. The travel time is only 39 minutes for the entire length, cutting the commute almost in half. Operations began on 28 September 2011.
Line in operation
|█ Line 2||Bei Kezhan||Xingzheng Zhongxin||2011||—||20.5||17|
Line 2 was open on the 16 September 2011. This line is currently 19.9 km long with 17 stations.
Lines under construction
|█ Line 1||Phase I||Houweizhai||Fangzhicheng||2008||2013.9.16||25.36||19|
|█ Line 2||Phase II||Xingzheng Zhongxin||Weiqunan||2009||2014||5.8||4|
|█ Line 3||Phase I||Yuhuazhi||Baoshuiqu||2011||2015||39.1||26|
|█ Line 4||Test Section||Dayanta||Wulukou||2011||2016||5.11||5|
Construction of the 2nd route - Line 1, was scheduled to start in later-2009, but brought one year earlier as per Chinese Government's response to the Financial crisis of 2007–2010. It is scheduled to complete by 2013. The route will run from east to west.
To accelerate the speed of overall economic development between Xi'an and Xianyang cities, the Transportation Department of Xi'an has decided to extend Line 1 to promote business travel between the two cities, as well as improve the efficiency of land usage alongside Line One. The preparation phase for the extension of Xi'an's Line 1 had started with the compilation of a feasibility study on November 4, 2007. This extension project (or Phase II of Line 1) will start in 2011, with a scheduled completion in 2013.
Construction of Xi'an Metro's Line 3 broke ground in May 2011 and is set to finish in 2015. The line will be 50.5 km (31.4 mi) long and 31 stations are planned.
Lines under planning
There will be 15 metro lines in Xi'an before 2030.
Other metro lines, including Line Four, Line Five, and Line Six will start construction after 2020, according to the plan.
On 2 August 2009, 9:20am, a cave-in at the Sajinqiao section of line one trapped migrant workers under 10 cubic meters of earth for over three hours, killing at least two who later died in the hospital.
On 26 May 2009, an individual suffered minor injuries from a fire during infrastructure work on line 1.
On 30 December 2008, a fire accident occurred that was later extinguished within an hour and all workers evacuated safely. Sixty six hours later, on 2 January, another fire occurred at another station on line 2.
- "西安地铁1号线9月试运营 临潼草堂将建轨道交通线". cnwest. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-02-17.
- "Xian: the Building of Subway to Start This Year". Travel China Guide. September 14, 2006.
- (Chinese) "西安地铁二号线开通 西安迈入"地铁时代"" [Xi'an Metro line brings Xi'an into the "metro era"]. China National Radio. Beijing. September 16, 2006.
- "Xi'an: Ancient City Gets Own Metro System". China.org.cn. September 29, 2006.
- "Xi'an Subway Line 2 to begin trial runs on September 28". Global Times. June 29, 2011.
- "市政府召开西安地铁开通试运营新闻发布会". 2011-09-16. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
- "Xi’an Subway Line 3 Breaks New Ground". eChinacities.com. May 19, 2011.
- "Subway Collapse Kills Two in Xi'an". CRIENGLISH.com. China Radio International. August 3, 2009.