Altreno

ALTRENO- tretinoin lotion
Bausch Health US, LLC

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ALTRENO® (tretinoin) lotion, 0.05% is indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 9 years of age and older.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Apply a thin layer of ALTRENO to the affected areas once daily. Avoid the eyes, mouth, paranasal creases, and mucous membranes.

ALTRENO is for topical use only. Not for ophthalmic, oral, or intravaginal use.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Lotion, 0.05%

Each gram of ALTRENO contains 0.5 mg (0.05%) tretinoin in an opaque, pale yellow topical lotion.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Skin Irritation

Patients using ALTRENO may experience application site dryness, pain, erythema, irritation, and exfoliation. Depending upon the severity of these adverse reactions, instruct patients to use a moisturizer, reduce the frequency of the application of ALTRENO, or discontinue use. Avoid application of ALTRENO to eczematous or sunburned skin.

5.2 Ultraviolet Light and Environmental Exposure

Minimize unprotected exposure to ultraviolet light including sunlight and sunlamps during the use of ALTRENO. Warn patients who normally experience high levels of sun exposure and those with inherent sensitivity to sun to exercise caution. Use sunscreen products and protective clothing over treated areas when sun exposure cannot be avoided.

5.3 Fish Allergies

ALTRENO contains soluble fish proteins. Use with caution in patients with known sensitivity or allergy to fish. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they develop pruritus or urticaria.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

In 2 randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled trials, subjects age 9 years and older applied ALTRENO or vehicle once daily for 12 weeks. The majority of subjects were White (74%) and female (55%). Approximately 47% were Hispanic/Latino and 45% were younger than 18 years of age. Adverse reactions reported by ≥1% of subjects treated with ALTRENO and more frequently than vehicle are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1: Adverse Reactions Reported by ≥1% of Subjects Treated with ALTRENO and More Frequently than Vehicle
Adverse Reactions n (%)
ALTRENO N=767 Vehicle N=783
*
Application site pain defined as application site stinging, burning or pain.

Application site dryness

29 (4)

1 (<1)

Application site pain *

25 (3)

3 (<1)

Application site erythema

12 (2)

1 (<1)

Application site irritation

7 (1)

1 (<1)

Application site exfoliation

6 (1)

3 (<1)

Skin irritation was evaluated by active assessment of erythema, scaling, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation, itching, burning and stinging. The percentage of subjects who were assessed to have these signs and symptoms at any post baseline visit are summarized in Table 2.

Table 2: Application Site Tolerability Reactions at Any Post Baseline Visit

ALTRENO

N=760

Mild/Mod/Severe

Vehicle

N=782

Mild/Mod/Severe

Erythema

51%

44%

Scaling

49%

30%

Hypopigmentation

12%

10%

Hyperpigmentation

35%

35%

Itching

35%

28%

Burning

30%

14%

Stinging

21%

8%

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Available data from published observational studies of topical tretinoin in pregnant women have not established a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. There are no data on ALTRENO use in pregnant women.

The systemic levels following topical administration are lower than with administration of oral tretinoin; however, absorption of this product may result in fetal exposure. There are reports of major birth defects similar to those seen in infants exposed to oral retinoids, but these case reports do not establish a pattern or association with tretinoin-related embryopathy (see Data).

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with ALTRENO. Topical administration of tretinoin in a different formulation to pregnant rats during organogenesis was associated with malformations (craniofacial abnormalities [hydrocephaly], asymmetrical thyroids, variations in ossification, and increased supernumerary ribs) at doses up to 0.5 mg tretinoin/kg/day, approximately 2 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) based on body surface area (BSA) comparison and assuming 100% absorption. Oral administration of tretinoin to pregnant cynomolgus monkeys during organogenesis was associated with malformations at 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 100 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison and assuming 100% absorption) (see Data).

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of major birth defects, loss, and other adverse outcomes. The background risk in the U.S. general population of major birth defects is 2 to 4% and of miscarriage is 15 to 20% of clinically recognized pregnancies.

Data

Human Data

While available studies cannot definitively establish the absence of risk, published data from multiple prospective controlled observational studies on the use of topical tretinoin products during pregnancy have not identified an association with topical tretinoin and major birth defects or miscarriage. The available studies have methodologic limitations, including small sample size and in some cases, lack of physical exam by an expert in birth defects. There are published case reports of infants exposed to topical tretinoin during the first trimester that describe major birth defects similar to those seen in infants exposed to oral retinoids; however, no pattern of malformations has been identified and no causal association has been established in these cases. The significance of these spontaneous reports in terms of risk to the fetus is not known.

Animal Data

Tretinoin in a 0.05% gel formulation was topically administered to pregnant rats during organogenesis at doses of 0.1, 0.3 and 1 g/kg/day (0.05, 0.15, 0.5 mg tretinoin/kg/day). Possible tretinoin malformations (craniofacial abnormalities [hydrocephaly], asymmetrical thyroids, variations in ossification, and increased supernumerary ribs) were observed at maternal doses of 0.5 mg tretinoin/kg/day (approximately 2 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison and assuming 100% absorption). These findings were not observed in control animals. Other maternal and reproductive parameters in tretinoin-treated animals were not different from control. For purposes of comparison of the animal exposure to human exposure, the MRHD is defined as 4 g of ALTRENO applied daily to a 60 kg person.

Other topical tretinoin embryofetal development studies have generated equivocal results. There is evidence for malformations (shortened or kinked tail) after topical administration of tretinoin to pregnant Wistar rats during organogenesis at doses greater than 1 mg/kg/day (approximately 5 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison and assuming 100% absorption). Anomalies (humerus: short 13%, bent 6%, os parietal incompletely ossified 14%) have also been reported when 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 50 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison and assuming 100% absorption) was topically applied to pregnant rats during organogenesis. Supernumerary ribs have been a consistent finding in rat fetuses when pregnant rats were treated topically or orally with retinoids.

Oral administration of tretinoin during organogenesis has been shown to induce malformations in rats, mice, rabbits, hamsters, and nonhuman primates. Fetal malformations were observed when tretinoin was orally administered to pregnant Wistar rats during organogenesis at doses greater than 1 mg/kg/day (approximately 5 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). In the cynomolgus monkey, fetal malformations were reported when an oral dose of 10 mg/kg/day was administered to pregnant monkeys during organogenesis (approximately 100 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). No fetal malformations were observed at an oral dose of 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 50 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). Increased skeletal variations were observed at all doses in this study and dose-related increases in embryo lethality and abortion were reported in this study. Similar results have also been reported in pigtail macaques.

Oral tretinoin has been shown to be fetotoxic in rats when administered at doses 10 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison. Topical tretinoin has been shown to be fetotoxic in rabbits when administered at doses 4 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison.

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