Amlodipine and Benazepril Hydrochloride (Page 5 of 6)
13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity studies have not been conducted with this combination. However, these studies have been conducted with amlodipine and benazepril alone (see below). No adverse effects on fertility occurred when the benazepril:amlodipine combination was given orally to rats of either sex at doses up to 15:7.5 mg (benazepril:amlodipine)/kg/day, prior to mating and throughout gestation.
Benazepril: No evidence of carcinogenicity was found when benazepril was administered to rats and mice for up to 2 years at doses of up to 150 mg/kg/day. When compared on the basis of body surface area, this dose is 18 and 9 times (rats and mice, respectively) the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) (calculations assume a patient weight of 60 kg). No mutagenic activity was detected in the Ames test in bacteria, in an in vitro test for forward mutations in cultured mammalian cells, or in a nucleus anomaly test. At doses of 50 to 500 mg/kg/day (6 to 60 times the MRHD on a body surface area basis), benazepril had no adverse effect on the reproductive performance of male and female rats.
Amlodipine: Rats and mice treated with amlodipine maleate in the diet for up to 2 years, at concentrations calculated to provide daily dosage levels of 0.5, 1.25, and 2.5 mg amlodipine/kg/day, showed no evidence of a carcinogenic effect of the drug. For the mouse, the highest dose was, on a body surface area basis, similar to the MRHD of 10 mg amlodipine/day. For the rat, the highest dose was, on a body surface area basis, about two and a half times the MRHD (Calculations based on a 60 kg patient). Mutagenicity studies conducted with amlodipine maleate revealed no drug-related effects at either the gene or chromosome level. There was no effect on the fertility of rats treated orally with amlodipine maleate (males for 64 days and females for 14 days prior to mating) at doses of up to 10 mg amlodipine/kg/day (about 10 times the MRHD of 10 mg/day on a body surface area basis).
14 CLINICAL STUDIES
Over 950 patients received amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride once-daily in 6 double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. The antihypertensive effect of a single dose persisted for 24 hours, with peak reductions achieved 2 to 8 hours after dosing.
Once-daily doses of benazepril and amlodipine using benazepril doses of 10 to 20 mg and amlodipine doses of 2.5 to 10 mg decreased seated pressure (systolic/diastolic) 24 hours after dosing by about 10 to 25/6 to 13 mmHg.
In 2 studies in patients not adequately controlled on either benazepril 40 mg alone (n = 329) or amlodipine 10 mg alone (n = 812) once-daily doses of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride 10 mg/40 mg further decreased seated blood pressure compared to the respective monotherapy alone.
Combination therapy was effective in blacks and nonblacks. Both components contributed to the antihypertensive efficacy in nonblacks, but virtually all of the antihypertensive effect in blacks could be attributed to the amlodipine component. Among nonblack patients in placebo-controlled trials comparing amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride to the individual components, the blood pressure lowering effects of the combination were shown to be additive and in some cases synergistic.
During chronic therapy with amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride, the maximum reduction in blood pressure with any given dose is generally achieved after 1 to 2 weeks. The antihypertensive effects of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride have continued during therapy for at least 1 year. Abrupt withdrawal of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride has not been associated with a rapid increase in blood pressure.
16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
NDC: 50090-4284-0 30 CAPSULE in a BOTTLE
NDC: 50090-4284-1 90 CAPSULE in a BOTTLE
17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Pregnancy: Advise female patients of childbearing age about the consequences of exposure to amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride during pregnancy. Discuss treatment options with women planning to become pregnant. Ask patients to report pregnancies to their physicians as soon as possible [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Symptomatic Hypotension: Advise patients that lightheadedness can occur, especially during the first days of therapy, and that it should be reported to their healthcare provider. Tell patients that if syncope occurs to discontinue amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules until the physician has been consulted. Caution all patients that inadequate fluid intake, excessive perspiration, diarrhea, or vomiting can lead to an excessive fall in blood pressure, with the same consequences of lightheadedness and possible syncope [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
Hyperkalemia: Advise patients not to use salt substitutes without consulting their healthcare provider [see Drug Interactions (7)].
Rising Health, LLC
Saddle Brook, NJ 07663
Made in India
Code: TS/DRUGS/22/2009 Revised: 12/2021
Amlodipine and Benazepril Hydrochloride Capsules USP
(am loe’ di peen and ben az’ e pril hye” droe klor’ ide)
Read this Patient Information leaflet before you start taking amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not replace talking with your doctor. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
|What is the most important information I should know about amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules? |
What are amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
Amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules contain 2 prescription medicines that work together to lower blood pressure: amlodipine besylate, a calcium channel blocker, and benazepril hydrochloride, an ACE inhibitor. Your doctor will prescribe amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules only after other medicines haven’t worked.
High Blood Pressure (hypertension). Blood pressure is the force of blood in your blood vessels. You have high blood pressure when the force is too much. Amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules can help your blood vessels relax so your blood pressure is lower.
Amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules have not been studied in children.
Who should not take amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
Don’t take amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules if you are allergic to any of the ingredients. There is a complete list at the end of this leaflet.
What should I tell my Doctor before taking amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
Tell your doctor about all your medical conditions, including if:
- you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. See “What is the most important information I should know about amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?”
- you are breastfeeding. Amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride is present in human milk. It is not known whether amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride affects your breastfed baby or milk production.
- you have a heart condition
- you have liver problems
- you have kidney problems
- you are about to have an operation (including dental surgery) or emergency treatment
- you are suffering from several episodes of vomiting or diarrhea
- you are treated for hyperkalemia (too much potassium in the blood)
Keep a list of your medicines with you, including vitamins and natural or herbal remedies, to show your doctor or pharmacist. Some of your other medicines and amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules could affect each other, causing serious side effects. Tell your doctor about all your medicines, especially:
- Simvastatin (a medicine used to control elevated cholesterol)
- medicines for high blood pressure or heart failure
- water pills, extra potassium or a salt substitute
- potassium-containing medicines, potassium supplements or salt substitutes containing potassium
- cyclosporine, an immunosuppressant medicine used in transplanted patients to reduce the risk of organ rejection
- indomethacin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), medicines used to relieve pain and inflammation
- insulin or oral antidiabetics, medicines that help a person with diabetes to control their level of glucose (sugar) in the blood
- gold for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
- probenecid, a medicine used to treat gout and hyperuricemia
- medicines used to prevent and treat fungal skin infections (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole)
- medicines used to treat AIDS or HIV infections (e.g., ritonavir, indinavir)
- medicines used to treat bacterial infections (e.g., clarithromycin)
- medicines used in organ transplant recipients or for treating some cancers (e.g. temsirolimus, sirolimus, everolimus)
Avoid alcohol until you have discussed the matter with your doctor. Alcohol may make blood pressure fall more and/or increase the possibility of dizziness or fainting.
How do I take amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
- Take amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules exactly as your doctor tells you.
- Take amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules at the same time each day, with or without food.
- If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is more than 12 hours, just take your next dose at the regular time.
- Your doctor may test for kidney problems or check your blood potassium level.
- If you take too much amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride, call your doctor or Poison Control Center, or go to the emergency room.
- Tell all your doctors or dentist you are taking amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules if you:
— are going to have surgery
— are getting allergy shots for bee stings
— go for kidney dialysis
What are the possible side effects of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
Amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules can cause serious side effects including:
- serious allergic reactions that can be life threatening.
Stop amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules and get emergency help right away if you get:
— swelling of your face, eyelids, lips, tongue or throat
— have trouble swallowing
— asthma (wheezing) or other breathing problems
These allergic reactions are rare but happen more times in people who are African-American.
- low blood pressure (hypotension). Low blood pressure is most likely to happen if you also take water pills, are on a low salt diet, get dialysis treatments, have heart problems or get sick with vomiting or diarrhea. Lie down if you feel faint or dizzy.
- liver problems. Call your doctor if:
- you have nausea
- you feel more tired or weaker than usual
- you have itching
- your skin or eyes look yellow
- you have pain in your upper right stomach
- you have flu-like symptoms
- kidney problems. Some people will have changes on blood tests for kidney function and need a lower dose of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules. Call your doctor if you get swelling in your feet, ankles, or hands or unexplained weight gain.
- more chest pain and heart attacks in people that already have severe heart problems. Get emergency help if you get worse chest pain or chest pain that does not go away.
The more common side effects of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules are:
- dizziness, fainting on standing up
- cough (dry, nonproductive, mainly at night, continuing)
- swelling of the feet, ankles, and hands
If any of these affects you severely, tell your doctor.
These are not all the side effects of amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules. For a complete list, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
How do I store amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
- Store amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules at room temperature between 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
- Keep amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules in a closed container in a dry place.
- Keep amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules
Doctors can also use medicine for a condition that is not in the patient information leaflet. Take amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules the way your doctor tells you. Do not share it with other people. They may harm them.
For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist, or call Rising Health, LLC at 1-833-395-6928.
What are the ingredients in amlodipine and benazepril hydrochloride capsules?
Active ingredients: amlodipine besylate (the active ingredient found in Norvasc®), benazepril hydrochloride (Lotensin®)
Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, gelatin, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, sodium lauryl sulfate, and titanium dioxide. In addition, the hard gelatin capsule shells of 5 mg/10 mg contains iron oxide black, iron oxide red, and iron oxide yellow, 5 mg/20 mg contains iron oxide red, 5 mg/40 mg and 10 mg/40 mg contains FD&C Blue 1, FD&C Red 3, and 10 mg/20 mg contains D&C Red 28, FD&C Blue 1, FD&C Red 40, and FD&C Yellow 5. The capsules are printed with edible ink containing black iron oxide and shellac.
The brands listed are trademarks of their respective owners and are not trademarks of Aurobindo Pharma Limited
Rising Health, LLC
Saddle Brook, NJ 07663
Made in India
Code: TS/DRUGS/22/2009 Revised: 12/2021
All MedLibrary.org resources are included in as near-original form as possible, meaning that the information from the original provider has been rendered here with only typographical or stylistic modifications and not with any substantive alterations of content, meaning or intent.