ARNUITY ELLIPTA- fluticasone furoate powder
ARNUITY ELLIPTA is indicated for the maintenance treatment of asthma in adult and pediatric patients aged 5 years and older.
Limitations of Use
ARNUITY ELLIPTA is NOT indicated for the relief of acute bronchospasm.
- Administer 1 actuation of ARNUITY ELLIPTA once daily by oral inhalation.
- After inhalation, the patient should rinse his/her mouth with water without swallowing to help reduce the risk of oropharyngeal candidiasis.
- ARNUITY ELLIPTA should be used at the same time every day. Do not use ARNUITY ELLIPTA more than 1 time every 24 hours.
- The maximum benefit may not be achieved for up to 2 weeks or longer after starting treatment. Individual patients may experience a variable time to onset and degree of symptom relief.
No dosage adjustment is required for geriatric patients, patients with renal impairment, or patients with mild hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Adult and Pediatric Patients Aged 12 Years and Older
The recommended starting dosage for adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older not on an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) is fluticasone furoate 100 mcg (1 actuation of ARNUITY ELLIPTA 100 mcg) once daily by oral inhalation.
- For other adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older, the recommended starting dosage should be based on previous asthma drug therapy and disease severity.
- For adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older who do not respond to ARNUITY ELLIPTA 100 mcg after 2 weeks of therapy, replacement with ARNUITY ELLIPTA 200 mcg may provide additional asthma control.
- The maximum recommended dosage in adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older is ARNUITY ELLIPTA 200 mcg once daily.
- If asthma symptoms arise in the period between doses, an inhaled, short-acting beta2 -agonist (rescue medicine, e.g., albuterol) should be used for immediate relief.
- If a previously effective dosage regimen of ARNUITY ELLIPTA fails to provide adequate improvement in asthma control, the therapeutic regimen should be re-evaluated and additional therapeutic options (e.g., replacing the current strength of ARNUITY ELLIPTA with a higher strength, initiating an ICS and long-acting beta2 -agonist [LABA] combination product, initiating oral corticosteroids) should be considered.
- After asthma stability has been achieved, it is desirable to titrate to the lowest effective dosage to help reduce the possibility of adverse reactions.
Pediatric Patients Aged 5 to 11 Years
The recommended dosage for pediatric patients aged 5 to 11 years is fluticasone furoate 50 mcg (1 actuation of ARNUITY ELLIPTA 50 mcg) once daily by oral inhalation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].
Inhalation powder: Plastic inhaler containing a foil blister strip of powder. Each blister contains fluticasone furoate 50 mcg, 100 mcg, or 200 mcg.
ARNUITY ELLIPTA is contraindicated in the following conditions:
- Primary treatment of status asthmaticus or other acute episodes of asthma where intensive measures are required [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
- Severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins or demonstrated hypersensitivity to fluticasone furoate or any of the excipients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8), Description (11)].
ARNUITY ELLIPTA contains fluticasone furoate, an ICS. Localized infections of the mouth and pharynx with Candida albicans have occurred in subjects treated with orally inhaled drug products containing fluticasone furoate. When such an infection develops, it should be treated with appropriate local or systemic (i.e., oral) antifungal therapy while treatment with ARNUITY ELLIPTA continues. In some cases, therapy with ARNUITY ELLIPTA may need to be interrupted. Advise the patient to rinse his/her mouth with water without swallowing following administration of ARNUITY ELLIPTA to help reduce the risk of oropharyngeal candidiasis.
ARNUITY ELLIPTA is not indicated for the relief of acute symptoms, i.e., as rescue therapy for treatment of acute episodes of bronchospasm. ARNUITY ELLIPTA has not been studied in the relief of acute symptoms and extra doses should not be used for that purpose. Acute symptoms should be treated with an inhaled, short-acting beta2 -agonist. Instruct patients to contact their healthcare providers immediately if episodes of asthma not responsive to bronchodilators occur during the course of treatment with ARNUITY ELLIPTA. During such episodes, patients may require therapy with oral corticosteroids.
Persons who are using drugs that suppress the immune system, such as corticosteroids, including ARNUITY ELLIPTA, are more susceptible to infections than healthy individuals. Chickenpox and measles can have a more serious or even fatal course in susceptible children or adults using corticosteroids. In such children or adults who have not had these diseases or been properly immunized, particular care should be taken to avoid exposure. How the dose, route, and duration of corticosteroid administration affect the risk of developing a disseminated infection is not known. The safety and effectiveness of ARNUITY ELLIPTA have not been established in pediatric patients less than 5 years of age and ARNUITY ELLIPTA is not indicated for use in this population. The contribution of the underlying disease and/or prior corticosteroid treatment to the risk is also not known. If a patient is exposed to chickenpox, prophylaxis with varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) or pooled intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) may be indicated. If a patient is exposed to measles, prophylaxis with pooled intramuscular immunoglobulin (IG) may be indicated. (See the Prescribing Information for VZIG, IVIG, and IG.) If chickenpox develops, treatment with antiviral agents may be considered.
ICS should be used with caution, if at all, in patients with active or quiescent tuberculosis infections of the respiratory tract; systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections; or ocular herpes simplex.
HPA Suppression/Adrenal Insufficiency
Particular care is needed for patients who have been transferred from systemically active corticosteroids to ICS because deaths due to adrenal insufficiency have occurred in patients with asthma during and after transfer from systemic corticosteroids to less systemically available ICS. After withdrawal from systemic corticosteroids, a number of months are required for recovery of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function.
Patients who have been previously maintained on 20 mg or more of prednisone (or its equivalent) may be most susceptible, particularly when their systemic corticosteroids have been almost completely withdrawn. During this period of HPA suppression, patients may exhibit signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency when exposed to trauma, surgery, or infection (particularly gastroenteritis) or other conditions associated with severe electrolyte loss. Although ARNUITY ELLIPTA may control asthma symptoms during these episodes, in recommended doses it supplies less than normal physiological amounts of glucocorticoid systemically and does NOT provide the mineralocorticoid activity that is necessary for coping with these emergencies.
During periods of stress or a severe asthma attack, patients who have been withdrawn from systemic corticosteroids should be instructed to resume oral corticosteroids (in large doses) immediately and to contact their healthcare practitioner for further instruction. These patients should also be instructed to carry a warning card indicating that they may need supplementary systemic corticosteroids during periods of stress or a severe asthma attack.
Patients requiring oral corticosteroids should be weaned slowly from systemic corticosteroid use after transferring to ARNUITY ELLIPTA. Prednisone reduction can be accomplished by reducing the daily prednisone dose by 2.5 mg on a weekly basis during therapy with ARNUITY ELLIPTA. Lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1 ] or peak expiratory flow [PEF]), beta-agonist use, and asthma symptoms should be carefully monitored during withdrawal of oral corticosteroids. In addition, patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, such as fatigue, lassitude, weakness, nausea and vomiting, and hypotension.
Unmasking of Allergic Conditions Previously Suppressed by Systemic Corticosteroids
Transfer of patients from systemic corticosteroid therapy to ARNUITY ELLIPTA may unmask allergic conditions previously suppressed by the systemic corticosteroid therapy (e.g., rhinitis, conjunctivitis, eczema, arthritis, eosinophilic conditions).
Corticosteroid Withdrawal Symptoms
During withdrawal from oral corticosteroids, some patients may experience symptoms of systemically active corticosteroid withdrawal (e.g., joint and/or muscular pain, lassitude, depression) despite maintenance or even improvement of respiratory function.
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