In a study without a concurrent control group, 29 patients ages 6 years to 37 years with HoFH received maximum daily doses of 20 to 80 mg of atorvastatin calcium. The mean LDL-C reduction in this study was 18%. Twenty-five patients with a reduction in LDL-C had a mean response of 20% (range of 7% to 53%, median of 24%); the remaining 4 patients had 7% to 24% increases in LDL-C. Five of the 29 patients had absent LDL-receptor function. Of these, 2 patients also had a portacaval shunt and had no significant reduction in LDL-C. The remaining 3 receptor-negative patients had a mean LDL-C reduction of 22%.
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study followed by an open-label phase, 187 boys and post-menarchal girls 10 years to 17 years of age (mean age 14.1 years) with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) or severe hypercholesterolemia, were randomized to atorvastatin calcium (n=140) or placebo (n=47) for 26 weeks and then all received atorvastatin calcium for 26 weeks. Inclusion in the study required 1) a baseline LDL-C level ≥ 190 mg/dL or 2) a baseline LDL-C level ≥ 160 mg/dL and positive family history of FH or documented premature cardiovascular disease in a first or second-degree relative. The mean baseline LDL-C value was 218.6 mg/dL (range: 138.5 to 385 mg/dL) in the atorvastatin calcium group compared to 230 mg/dL (range: 160 to 324.5 mg/dL) in the placebo group. The dosage of atorvastatin calcium (once daily) was 10 mg for the first 4 weeks and uptitrated to 20 mg if the LDL-C level was > 130 mg/dL. The number of atorvastatin calcium-treated patients who required uptitration to 20 mg after Week 4 during the double-blind phase was 78 (55.7%).
Atorvastatin calcium significantly decreased plasma levels of total-C, LDL-C, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein B during the 26-week double-blind phase (see Table 13).
TABLE 13. Lipid-altering Effects of Atorvastatin Calcium in Adolescent Boys and Girls with Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia or Severe Hypercholesterolemia (Mean Percentage Change From Baseline at Endpoint in Intention-to-Treat Population)
The mean achieved LDL-C value was 130.7 mg/dL (range: 70 to 242 mg/dL) in the atorvastatin calcium group compared to 228.5 mg/dL (range: 152 to 385 mg/dL) in the placebo group during the 26-week double-blind phase.
Atorvastatin was also studied in a three year open-label, uncontrolled trial that included 163 patients with HeFH who were 10 years to 15 years old (82 boys and 81 girls). All patients had a clinical diagnosis of HeFH confirmed by genetic analysis (if not already confirmed by family history). Approximately 98% were Caucasian, and less than 1% were Black or Asian. Mean LDL-C at baseline was 232 mg/dL. The starting atorvastatin dosage was 10 mg once daily and doses were adjusted to achieve a target of < 130 mg/dL LDL-C. The reductions in LDL-C from baseline were generally consistent across age groups within the trial as well as with previous clinical studies in both adult and pediatric placebo-controlled trials.
The long-term efficacy of atorvastatin calcium therapy in childhood to reduce morbidity and mortality in adulthood has not been established.
Atorvastatin calcium tablets USP, 10 mg are white to off-white, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘121’ on other side and are supplied in bottles of 30’s, 60’s, 90’s, 500’s and 1000’s.
Bottles of 30 NDC 55111-121-30
Bottles of 60 NDC 55111-121-60
Bottles of 90 NDC 55111-121-90
Bottles of 500 NDC 55111-121-05
Bottles of 1000 NDC 55111-121-10
Atorvastatin calcium tablets USP, 20 mg are white to off-white, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘122’ on other side and are supplied in bottles of 30’s, 60’s, 90’s, 500’s and 1000’s.
Bottles of 30 NDC 55111-122-30
Bottles of 60 NDC 55111-122-60
Bottles of 90 NDC 55111-122-90
Bottles of 500 NDC 55111-122-05
Bottles of 1000 NDC 55111-122-10
Atorvastatin calcium tablets USP, 40 mg are white to off-white, capsule shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets debossed ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘123’ on other side and are supplied in bottles of 30’s, 60’s, 90’s, 500’s and 1000’s.
Bottles of 30 NDC 55111-123-30
Bottles of 60 NDC 55111-123-60
Bottles of 90 NDC 55111-123-90
Bottles of 500 NDC 55111-123-05
Bottles of 1000 NDC 55111-123-10
Store atorvastatin calcium tablets at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Patients taking atorvastatin calcium should be advised that cholesterol is a chronic condition and they should adhere to their medication along with their National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-recommended diet, a regular exercise program as appropriate, and periodic testing of a fasting lipid panel to determine goal attainment.
Patients should be advised about substances they should not take concomitantly with atorvastatin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Patients should also be advised to inform other healthcare professionals prescribing a new medication that they are taking atorvastatin calcium.
All patients starting therapy with atorvastatin calcium should be advised of the risk of myopathy and told to report promptly any unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness particularly if accompanied by malaise or fever or if these muscle signs or symptoms persist after discontinuing atorvastatin. The risk of this occurring is increased when taking certain types of medication or consuming larger quantities (>1 liter) of grapefruit juice. They should discuss all medication, both prescription and over the counter, with their healthcare professional.
It is recommended that liver enzyme tests be performed before the initiation of atorvastatin calcium and if signs or symptoms of liver injury occur. All patients treated with atorvastatin calcium should be advised to report promptly any symptoms that may indicate liver injury, including fatigue, anorexia, right upper abdominal discomfort, dark urine, or jaundice.
Advise females of reproductive potential of the risk to a fetus, to use effective contraception during treatment and to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see Contraindications (4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].
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