Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate (Page 2 of 9)

5.7 Effect on Growth

Corticosteroids may cause a reduction in growth velocity when administered to pediatric patients. Monitor the growth routinely of pediatric patients receiving azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

Somnolence [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
Local nasal effects, including epistaxis, nasal ulceration, nasal septal perforation, impaired wound healing, and Candida albicans infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
Glaucoma and Cataracts [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
Immunosuppression and Risk Infections [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
Hypercorticism and Adrenal Suppression, including growth reduction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5 and 5.7), Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect rates observed in practice.

Adults and Adolescents 12 Years of Age and Older

The safety data described below in adults and adolescents 12 years of age and older reflect exposure to azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray in 853 patients (12 years of age and older; 36% male and 64% female) with seasonal allergic rhinitis in 3 double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of 2-week duration. The racial distribution for the 3 clinical trials was 80% white, 16% black, 2% Asian, and 1% other.

In the 3 placebo controlled clinical trials of 2-week duration, 3411 patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis were treated with 1 spray per nostril of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray, azelastine hydrochloride nasal spray, fluticasone propionate nasal spray, or placebo, twice daily. The azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate comparators use the same vehicle and device as azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray and are not commercially marketed. Overall, adverse reactions were 16% in the azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray treatment groups, 15% in the azelastine hydrochloride nasal spray groups, 13% in the fluticasone propionate nasal spray groups, and 12% in the placebo groups. Overall, 1% of patients in both the azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray and placebo groups discontinued due to adverse reactions.

Table 1 contains adverse reactions reported with frequencies greater than or equal to 2% and more frequently than placebo in patients treated with azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray in the seasonal allergic rhinitis controlled clinical trials.

Table 1. Adverse Reactions with ≥ 2% Incidence and More Frequently than Placebo in Placebo-Controlled Trials of 2 Weeks Duration with Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray in Adult and Adolescent Patients with Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis
*
Safety population N = 853, intent-to-treat population N = 848
Not commercially marketed

1 spray per nostril twice daily

Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray

(N = 853) *

Azelastine Hydrochloride Nasal Spray

(N = 851)

Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray

(N = 846)

Vehicle Placebo

(N = 861)

Dysgeusia

30 (4%)

44 (5%)

4 (1%)

2 (< 1%)

Headache

18 (2%)

20 (2%)

20 (2%)

10 (1%)

Epistaxis

16 (2%)

14 (2%)

14 (2%)

15 (2%)

In the above trials, somnolence was reported in < 1% of patients treated with azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray (6 of 853) or vehicle placebo (1 of 861) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Pediatric Patients 6-11 Years of Age

The safety data described below in children 6-11 years of age reflect exposure to azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray in 152 patients (6-11 years of age; 57% male and 43% female) with seasonal allergic rhinitis in one double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 2-week duration. The racial distribution for the clinical trial was 69% white, 31% black, 2% Asian and 2% other.

In the placebo-controlled clinical trial of 2-week duration, patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis were treated with 1 spray per nostril of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray or placebo, twice daily. Overall, adverse reactions were 16% in the azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray treatment group, and 12% in the placebo group. Overall, 1% of patients in both the azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray and placebo groups discontinued due to adverse reactions.

Table 2 contains adverse reactions reported with frequencies greater than or equal to 2% and more frequently than placebo in patients treated with azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate nasal spray in the seasonal allergic rhinitis controlled clinical trial.

Table 2. Adverse Reactions with ≥ 2% Incidence and More Frequently than Placebo in Placebo-Controlled Trials of 2 Weeks Duration with Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray in Children 6 to 11 Years of Age with Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis
*
Safety population N = 152, intent-to-treat population N = 152

1 spray per nostril twice daily

Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate Nasal Spray

(N = 152) *

Vehicle Placebo

(N = 152)

Dysgeusia

6 (4%)

0 (0%)

Epistaxis

6 (4%)

4 (3%)

In the above trial, somnolence was not reported [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ].

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