Caffeine Citrate (Page 3 of 3)


Following overdose, serum caffeine levels have ranged from approximately 24 mg/L (a post marketing spontaneous case report in which an infant exhibited irritability, poor feeding and insomnia) to 350 mg/L. Serious toxicity has been associated with serum levels greater than 50 mg/L (see PRECAUTIONS,Laboratory Tests and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION). Signs and symptoms reported in the literature after caffeine overdose in preterm infants include fever, tachypnea, jitteriness, insomnia, fine tremor of the extremities, hypertonia, opisthotonos, tonic-clonic movements, nonpurposeful jaw and lip movements, vomiting, hyperglycemia, elevated blood urea nitrogen, and elevated total leukocyte concentration. Seizures have also been reported in cases of overdose. One case of caffeine overdose complicated by development of intraventricular hemorrhage and long-term neurological sequelae has been reported. Another case of caffeine citrate overdose (from New Zealand) of an estimated 600 mg caffeine citrate (approximately 322 mg/kg) administered over 40 minutes was complicated by tachycardia, ST depression, respiratory distress, heart failure, gastric distention, acidosis and a severe extravasation burn with tissue necrosis at the peripheral intravenous injection site. No deaths associated with caffeine overdose have been reported in preterm infants.

Treatment of caffeine overdose is primarily symptomatic and supportive. Caffeine levels have been shown to decrease after exchange transfusions. Convulsions may be treated with intravenous administration of diazepam or a barbiturate such as pentobarbital sodium.


Prior to initiation of caffeine citrate injection, baseline serum levels of caffeine should be measured in infants previously treated with theophylline, since preterm infants metabolize theophylline to caffeine. Likewise, baseline serum levels of caffeine should be measured in infants born to mothers who consumed caffeine prior to delivery, since caffeine readily crosses the placenta.

The recommended loading dose and maintenance doses of caffeine citrate follow.

Dose of Caffeine Citrate Volume Dose of Caffeine Citrate mg/kg Route Frequency
Loading Dose 1 mL/kg 20 mg/kg Intravenous* (over 30 minutes) One Time
Maintenance Dose 0.25 mL/kg 5 mg/kg Intravenous* (over 10 minutes) or Orally Every 24 hours**

*using a syringe infusion pump

**beginning 24 hours after the loading dose

NOTE THAT THE DOSE OF CAFFEINE BASE IS ONE-HALF THE DOSE WHEN EXPRESSED AS CAFFEINE CITRATE (e.g., 20 mg of caffeine citrate is equivalent to 10 mg of caffeine base).

Serum concentrations of caffeine may need to be monitored periodically throughout treatment to avoid toxicity. Serious toxicity has been associated with serum levels greater than 50 mg/L.

Caffeine citrate injection should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Vials containing discolored solution or visible particulate matter should be discarded.

Drug Compatibility

To test for drug compatibility with common intravenous solutions or medications, 20 mL of caffeine citrate injection were combined with 20 mL of a solution or medication, with the exception of an Intralipid® admixture, which was combined as 80 mL/80 mL. The physical appearance of the combined solutions was evaluated for precipitation. The admixtures were mixed for 10 minutes and then assayed for caffeine. The admixtures were then continually mixed for 24 hours, with further sampling for caffeine assays at 2, 4, 8, and 24 hours.

Based on this testing, caffeine citrate injection, 60 mg/3 mL is chemically stable for 24 hours at room temperature when combined with the following test products.

• Dextrose Injection, USP 5%

• 50% Dextrose Injection USP

• Intralipid® 20% IV Fat Emulsion

• Aminosyn® 8.5% Crystalline Amino Acid Solution

• Dopamine HCI Injection, USP 40 mg/mL diluted to 0.6 mg/mL with Dextrose Injection, USP 5%

• Calcium Gluconate Injection, USP 10% (0.465 mEq/Ca+2 /mL)

• Heparin Sodium Injection, USP 1,000 units/mL diluted to 1 unit/mL with Dextrose Injection, USP 5%

• Fentanyl Citrate Injection, USP 50 mcg/mL diluted to 10 mcg/mL with Dextrose Injection, USP 5%


Caffeine citrate injection, USP is available as a clear, colorless, sterile, non-pyrogenic, preservative-free, aqueous solution in colorless glass vials.

The vials contain 3 mL of solution at a concentration of 20 mg/mL caffeine citrate (60 mg/vial) equivalent to 10 mg/mL caffeine base (30 mg/vial).

Caffeine Citrate Injection, USP

Product No. NDC No. Strength Vial size
400703 63323-407-03 60 mg per 3 mL(20 mg per mL) 3 mL fill, in a 6 mL single dose vial, packaged individually.

STORE AT: 20 ° to 25 °C (68 ° to 77 °F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Preservative free. For single use only. Discard unused portion.

The container closure is not made with natural rubber latex.

The brand names mentioned in this document are the trademarks of their respective owners.


Revised: November 2016

PACKAGE LABEL — PRINCIPAL DISPLAY — Caffeine Citrate 3 mL Single Dose Vial Label

Caffeine Citrate Injection, USP

60 mg per 3 mL
(20 mg per mL)

For intravenous use only.
Preservative free.
3 mL Single Dose Vial Rx only


PACKAGE LABEL — PRINCIPAL DISPLAY — Caffeine Citrate 3 mL Single Dose Carton Panel

Caffeine Citrate Injection, USP

60 mg per 3 mL
(20 mg per mL)

For intravenous use only.
Preservative free.
Rx only
3 mL Single Dose Vial

(click image for full-size original)
CAFFEINE CITRATE caffeine citrate injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:63323-407
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SODIUM CITRATE 8.3 mg in 1 mL
# Item Code Package Description Multilevel Packaging
1 NDC:63323-407-03 1 VIAL in 1 BOX contains a VIAL
1 3 mL in 1 VIAL This package is contained within the BOX (63323-407-03)
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA077997 11/19/2009
Labeler — Fresenius Kabi USA, LLC (608775388)
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Fresenius Kabi USA, LLC 840771732 MANUFACTURE (63323-407)

Revised: 01/2020 Fresenius Kabi USA, LLC

Page 3 of 3 1 2 3

All resources are included in as near-original form as possible, meaning that the information from the original provider has been rendered here with only typographical or stylistic modifications and not with any substantive alterations of content, meaning or intent.

This site is provided for educational and informational purposes only, in accordance with our Terms of Use, and is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner or other qualified health professional.

Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2021. All Rights Reserved.