CEFTRIAXONE AND DEXTROSE

CEFTRIAXONE AND DEXTROSE- ceftriaxone sodium injection, solution
B. Braun Medical Inc.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection is indicated for the treatment of the following infections when caused by susceptible bacteria.

1.1 Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Lower respiratory tract infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Proteus mirabilis or Serratia marcescens.

1.2 Skin and Skin Structure Infections

Skin and skin structure infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Viridans group streptococci, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Morganella morganii 1, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Bacteroides fragilis 1 or Peptostreptococcus species.


1
The efficacy for these organisms in this organ system were studied in fewer than ten infections.

1.3 Complicated and Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections

Complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Morganella morganii or Klebsiella pneumoniae.

1.4 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Ceftriaxone sodium, like other cephalosporins, has no activity against Chlamydia trachomatis. Therefore, when cephalosporins are used in the treatment of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease and Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the suspected pathogens, appropriate antichlamydial coverage should be added.

1.5 Bacterial Septicemia

Bacterial septicemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae or Klebsiella pneumoniae.

1.6 Bone and Joint Infections

Bone and joint infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae or Enterobacter species.

1.7 Intra-abdominal Infections

Intra-abdominal infections caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium species or Peptostreptococcus species.

1.8 Meningitis

Meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Ceftriaxone sodium has also been used successfully in a limited number of cases of meningitis and shunt infection caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli , however, the efficacy for these organisms in this organ system were studied in fewer than ten infections.

1.9 Surgical Prophylaxis

The preoperative administration of a single 1 g dose of Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection may reduce the incidence of postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated (e.g., vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy or cholecystectomy for chronic calculous cholecystitis in high-risk patients, such as those over 70 years of age, with acute cholecystitis not requiring therapeutic antimicrobials, obstructive jaundice or common duct bile stones) and in surgical patients for whom infection at the operative site would present serious risk (e.g., during coronary artery bypass surgery). Although ceftriaxone sodium has been shown to have been as effective as cefazolin in the prevention of infection following coronary artery bypass surgery, no placebo-controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate any cephalosporin antibacterial in the prevention of infection following coronary artery bypass surgery.

1.10 Usage

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection and other antibacterial drugs, Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Adult Population

Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection in the DUPLEX® Container should be used only in patients who require the entire 1 or 2 gram dose and not any fraction thereof. The recommended adult dosages are outlined in Table 1. Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection should be administered intravenously (IV) over approximately 30 minutes.

The usual duration of therapy is 4 to 14 days; in complicated infections, longer therapy may be required. When treating infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes , therapy should be continued for at least 10 days.

*
Patients with hepatic impairment and significant renal impairment should not receive more than 2 grams per day of ceftriaxone.

Table 1: Recommended Dosing Schedule for Ceftriaxone for Injection and Dextrose Injection

Site and Type of Infection

Dose

Frequency

Total Daily Dose

Usual Adult Dose

1 g to 2 g

once a day or in equally divided doses every 12 hours

should not exceed 4 g *

Surgical Prophylaxis

1 gram IV once

1/2 to 2 hours before surgery

Skin and Skin Structure Infections

50 to 75 mg per kg

once a day or in equally divided doses every 12 hours

should not exceed 2 g

Meningitis

100 mg per kg

once a day or in equally divided doses every 12 hours

should not exceed 4 g *

Serious Infections other than Meningitis

50 to 75 mg per kg

every 12 hours

should not exceed 2 g

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