CHATEAL — levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol
Afaxys Pharma, LLC
(Levonorgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets, USP 0.15 mg/0.03 mg)
Patients should be counseled that this product does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.
21 white to off-white levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets , each containing 0.15 mg of levonorgestrel, (d(-)-13 beta-ethyl-17-alpha-ethinyl-17-beta-hydroxygon-4-en-3-one), a totally synthetic progestogen, and 0.03 mg of ethinyl estradiol, (19-nor-17α -pregna-1,3,5 (10)-trien-20-yne-3,17-diol), and 7 green inert tablets. The inactive ingredients for white to off-white active tablets are Lactose monohydrate, Polacrilin Potassium, Magnesium Stearate. The inactive ingredients for green inert tablets are Lactose monohydrate, Polacrilin Potassium, Magnesium Stearate, yellow oxide of iron and FD&C Blue No.1 Aluminium lake.
Combination oral contraceptives act by suppression of gonadotropins. Although the primary mechanism of this action is inhibition of ovulation, other alterations include changes in the cervical mucus (which increase the difficulty of sperm entry into the uterus) and the endometrium (which reduce the likelihood of implantation).
Oral contraceptives are highly effective. Table I lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception. The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization and the IUD, depends upon the reliability with which they are used. Correct and consistent use of methods can result in lower failure rates.
NA — not available
a Depending on method (calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation)
Adapted from Hatcher RA et al, Contraceptive Technology : 17th Revised Edition .
NY, NY: Ardent Media, Inc., 1998.
|Method||Perfect Use||Typical Use|
|Depo-Provera® (injectable progestogen)||0.3||0.3|
|Copper T 380A||0.6||0.8|
|Condom (male) without spermicide||3||14|
|(Female) without spermicide||5||21|
|Diaphragm with spermicidal cream or jelly||6||20|
|Spermicides alone (foam, creams, jellies, and vaginal suppositories)||6||26|
|Periodic abstinence (all methods)||1 to 9a||25|
|No contraception (planned pregnancy)||85||85|
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