Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when clobetasol propionate ointment is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness of clobetasol propionate ointment in pediatric patients have not been established. Use in pediatric patients under 12 years of age is not recommended. Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of HPA axis suppression and Cushing syndrome when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are therefore also at greater risk of adrenal insufficiency during or after withdrawal of treatment. Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in infants and children.
HPA axis suppression, Cushing syndrome, linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include low plasma cortisol levels and an absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.
A limited number of patients at or above 65 years of age have been treated with clobetasol propionate ointment (n = 101) in US and non-US clinical trials. While the number of patients is too small to permit separate analysis of efficacy and safety, the adverse reactions reported in this population were similar to those reported by younger patients. Based on available data, no adjustment of dosage of clobetasol propionate ointment in geriatric patients is warranted.
In controlled clinical trials, the most frequent adverse events reported for clobetasol propionate ointment were burning sensation, irritation, and itching in 0.5% of treated patients. Less frequent adverse reactions were stinging, cracking, erythema, folliculitis, numbness of fingers, skin atrophy, and telangiectasia.
Cushing syndrome has been reported in infants and adults as a result of prolonged use of topical clobetasol propionate formulations.
The following additional local adverse reactions have been reported with topical corticosteroids, and they may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings and higher potency corticosteroids. These reactions are listed in an approximately decreasing order of occurrence: dryness, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infection, irritation, striae, and miliaria.
Topically applied clobetasol propionate ointment can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (see PRECAUTIONS).
Apply a thin layer of clobetasol propionate ointment to the affected skin areas twice daily and rub in gently and completely (see INDICATIONS AND USAGE).
Clobetasol propionate ointment is super-high potency topical corticosteroids; therefore, treatment should be limited to 2 consecutive weeks and amounts greater than 50 g/week should not be used.
As with other highly active corticosteroids, therapy should be discontinued when control has been achieved. If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary.
Clobetaol propionate ointment should not be used with occlusive dressings.
Geriatric Use: In studies where geriatric patients (65 years of age or older, see PRECAUTIONS) have been treated with clobetasol propionate ointment, safety did not differ from that in younger patients; therefore, no dosage adjustment is recommended.
15-g tubes (NDC 40032-096-60)
30-g tubes (NDC 40032-096-61)
60-g tubes (NDC 40032-096-62)
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) excursions permitted between 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Novel Laboratories, Inc.
Somerset, NJ 08873
| CLOBETASOL PROPIONATE |
clobetasol propionate ointment
|Labeler — Novel Laboratories, Inc. (793518643)|
|Registrant — Novel Laboratories, Inc. (793518643)|
|Novel Laboratories, Inc.||793518643||ANALYSIS (40032-096), MANUFACTURE (40032-096)|
Revised: 05/2016 Novel Laboratories, Inc.
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