CYSTADROPS

CYSTADROPS- cysteamine hydrochloride solution
RECORDATI RARE DISEASES, INC.

Figures A, B, CFigures D, EStructural FormulaLogofigure FFigure GFigure Hcartonlabel

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

CYSTADROPS is a cystine-depleting agent indicated for the treatment of corneal cystine crystal deposits in adults and children with cystinosis.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Dosage Information

Instill one drop of CYSTADROPS in each eye, 4 times a day during waking hours.

Do not touch dropper tip to the eyelids, surrounding areas, or any surface, as this may contaminate the solution.

In case of concomitant therapy with other topical ocular products, an interval of 10 minutes should be allowed between successive applications. Eye ointments should be administered last.

If the patient misses an instillation, the patient should be told to administer a dose as soon as feasible and then continue the treatment with the next scheduled instillation. Discard bottle 7 days after first opening.

2.2 Preparation for Administration

  1. Patients should be advised to store new unopened CYSTADROPS bottles in the refrigerator in the original carton between 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C).
  2. Each week, one new bottle should be removed from the refrigerator. Patients are to write the date the bottle was opened in the space on the carton. After first opening, store opened CYSTADROPS at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C). Do not refrigerate after opening.
  3. Patients are to wash their hands carefully in order to avoid microbiological contamination of the content in the bottle.
  4. Remove the green protective cap (see Figure A).
  5. Remove the metal seal (see Figure B).
  6. Remove the gray stopper (see Figure C) from the bottle.
  7. Do not touch the opening of the bottle after removing the gray stopper.
Figures A, B, C
(click image for full-size original)
  1. Take the dropper out of its packaging, without touching the end intended to be attached to the bottle, attach it (see Figure D) to the bottle and do not remove it.
  2. Patients should be advised not to lose the small white cap that comes on the top of the dropper (see Figure E). Keep the small white cap tightly closed when not in use.
    Figures D, E
    (click image for full-size original)
  3. Instill one drop of CYSTADROPS in each eye, 4 times a day during waking hours.
  4. At the end of 7 days, patients should discard the bottle. There may be medication left in the bottle; however, the bottle must be discarded by the patient because the medication is only stable for 7 days after first opening.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Ophthalmic solution containing 3.8 mg/mL of cysteamine (0.37%).

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Contamination of Tip and Solution

To minimize contaminating the dropper tip and solution, care should be taken not to touch the eyelids or surrounding areas with the dropper tip of the bottle. Keep bottle tightly closed when not in use.

5.2 Benign Intracranial Hypertension

There have been reports of benign intracranial hypertension (or pseudotumor cerebri) associated with oral cysteamine treatment that has resolved with the addition of diuretic therapy. There have also been reports associated with ophthalmic use of cysteamine; however, all of these patients were on concurrent oral cysteamine.

5.3 Contact Lens Use

CYSTADROPS contains benzalkonium chloride, which may be absorbed by soft contact lenses. Contact with soft contact lenses should be avoided. Contact lenses should be removed prior to application of solution and may be reinserted 15 minutes following its administration [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 10%) reported during clinical trials were eye pain, vision blurred, eye irritation, ocular hyperaemia, instillation site discomfort, eye pruritus, lacrimation increased, and ocular deposits.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of ophthalmic cysteamine in pregnant women to inform any drug associated risks. Oral administration of cysteamine to pregnant rats throughout the period of organogenesis was teratogenic at doses 240 to 960 times the recommended human ophthalmic dose (based on body surface area) [ see Data]. CYSTADROPS should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Data
Animal data
Teratology studies have been performed in rats at oral doses in the range of 37.5 mg/kg/day to 150 mg/kg/day (240 to 960 times the recommended human ophthalmic dose based on body surface area) and have shown cysteamine bitartrate to be teratogenic. Observed teratogenic findings were intrauterine death, cleft palate, kyphosis, heart ventricular septal defects, microcephaly, exencephaly, and growth deficits.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

There is no information regarding the presence of cysteamine in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infants, or the effects on milk production. Cysteamine administered orally is present in milk of lactating rats. It is not known whether measurable levels of cysteamine would be present in maternal milk following topical ocular administration of CYSTADROPS. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for CYSTADROPS and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from CYSTADROPS or from the underlying maternal conditions.

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of CYSTADROPS has been established in pediatric patients. Use of CYSTADROPS is supported by adequate and well controlled trials in pediatric patients and additional experience supporting the safety of CYSTADROPS.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of CYSTADROPS did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.

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