Daptomycin (Page 3 of 10)
3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
For Injection: 500 mg daptomycin as a sterile, pale yellow to light brown lyophilized powder for reconstitution in a single-dose vial.
Daptomycin is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to daptomycin [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
5.1 Anaphylaxis/Hypersensitivity Reactions
Anaphylaxis/hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with the use of antibacterial agents, including daptomycin, and may be life-threatening. If an allergic reaction to daptomycin occurs, discontinue the drug and institute appropriate therapy [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].
5.2 Myopathy and Rhabdomyolysis
Myopathy, defined as muscle aching or muscle weakness in conjunction with increases in creatine phosphokinase (CPK) values to greater than 10 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), has been reported with the use of daptomycin. Rhabdomyolysis, with or without acute renal failure, has been reported [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].
Patients receiving daptomycin should be monitored for the development of muscle pain or weakness, particularly of the distal extremities. In patients who receive daptomycin, CPK levels should be monitored weekly, and more frequently in patients who received recent prior or concomitant therapy with an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor or in whom elevations in CPK occur during treatment with daptomycin.
In adult patients with renal impairment, both renal function and CPK should be monitored more frequently than once weekly [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
In Phase 1 studies and Phase 2 clinical trials in adults, CPK elevations appeared to be more frequent when daptomycin was dosed more than once daily. Therefore, daptomycin should not be dosed more frequently than once a day.
Daptomycin should be discontinued in patients with unexplained signs and symptoms of myopathy in conjunction with CPK elevations to levels >1,000 U/L (~5× ULN), and in patients without reported symptoms who have marked elevations in CPK, with levels >2,000 U/L (≥10× ULN). In addition, consideration should be given to suspending agents associated with rhabdomyolysis, such as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, temporarily in patients receiving daptomycin [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].
5.3 Eosinophilic Pneumonia
Eosinophilic pneumonia has been reported in patients receiving daptomycin [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. In reported cases associated with daptomycin, patients developed fever, dyspnea with hypoxic respiratory insufficiency, and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates or organizing pneumonia. In general, patients developed eosinophilic pneumonia 2 to 4 weeks after starting daptomycin and improved when daptomycin was discontinued and steroid therapy was initiated. Recurrence of eosinophilic pneumonia upon re-exposure has been reported. Patients who develop these signs and symptoms while receiving daptomycin should undergo prompt medical evaluation, and daptomycin should be discontinued immediately. Treatment with systemic steroids is recommended.
5.4 Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS)
DRESS has been reported in post-marketing experience with daptomycin [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. Patients who develop skin rash, fever, peripheral eosinophilia, and systemic organ (for example, hepatic, renal, pulmonary) impairment while receiving daptomycin should undergo medical evaluation. If DRESS is suspected, discontinue daptomycin promptly and institute appropriate treatment.
5.5 Tubulointerstitial Nephritis (TIN)
TIN has been reported in post-marketing experience with daptomycin [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. Patients who develop new or worsening renal impairment while receiving daptomycin should undergo medical evaluation. If TIN is suspected, discontinue daptomycin promptly and institute appropriate treatment.
5.6 Peripheral Neuropathy
Cases of peripheral neuropathy have been reported during the daptomycin postmarketing experience [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. Therefore, physicians should be alert to signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in patients receiving daptomycin. Monitor for neuropathy and consider discontinuation.
5.7 Potential Nervous System and/or Muscular System Effects in Pediatric Patients Younger than 12 Months
Avoid use of daptomycin in pediatric patients younger than 12 months due to the risk of potential effects on muscular, neuromuscular, and/or nervous systems (either peripheral and/or central) observed in neonatal dogs with intravenous daptomycin [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)].
5.8 Clostridioides difficile –Associated Diarrhea
Clostridioides difficile –associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with the use of nearly all systemic antibacterial agents, including daptomycin, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon, leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.
C. difficile produces toxins A and B, which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin-producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, since these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibacterial use. Careful medical history is necessary because CDAD has been reported to occur more than 2 months after the administration of antibacterial agents.
If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibacterial use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibacterial treatment of C. difficile , and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.
5.9 Persisting or Relapsing S. aureus Bacteremia/Endocarditis
Patients with persisting or relapsing S. aureus bacteremia/endocarditis or poor clinical response should have repeat blood cultures. If a blood culture is positive for S. aureus , minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) susceptibility testing of the isolate should be performed using a standardized procedure, and diagnostic evaluation of the patient should be performed to rule out sequestered foci of infection. Appropriate surgical intervention (e.g., debridement, removal of prosthetic devices, valve replacement surgery) and/or consideration of a change in antibacterial regimen may be required.
Failure of treatment due to persisting or relapsing S. aureus bacteremia/endocarditis may be due to reduced daptomycin susceptibility (as evidenced by increasing MIC of the S. aureus isolate) [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].
5.10 Decreased Efficacy in Patients with Moderate Baseline Renal Impairment
Limited data are available from the two Phase 3 complicated skin and skin structure infection (cSSSI) trials regarding clinical efficacy of daptomycin treatment in adult patients with creatinine clearance (CLCR ) <50 mL/min; only 31/534 (6%) patients treated with daptomycin in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population had a baseline CLCR <50 mL/min. Table 4 shows the number of adult patients by renal function and treatment group who were clinical successes in the Phase 3 cSSSI trials.
|CL CR||Success Rate n/N (%)|
|Daptomycin 4 mg/kg every 24h||Comparator|
|50 to 70 mL/min||25/38 (66%)||30/48 (63%)|
|30 to <50 mL/min||7/15 (47%)||20/35 (57%)|
In a subgroup analysis of the ITT population in the Phase 3 S. aureus bacteremia/endocarditis trial, clinical success rates, as determined by a treatment-blinded Adjudication Committee [see Clinical Studies (14.2)] , in the daptomycin-treated adult patients were lower in patients with baseline CLCR <50 mL/min (see Table 5). A decrease of the magnitude shown in Table 5 was not observed in comparator-treated patients.
|Baseline CL CR||Success Rate n/N (%)|
|Daptomycin 6 mg/kg every 24h||Comparator|
|Bacteremia||Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis||Bacteremia||Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis|
|>80 mL/min||30/50 (60%)||7/14 (50%)||19/42 (45%)||5/11 (46%)|
|50 to 80 mL/min||12/26 (46%)||1/4 (25%)||13/31 (42%)||1/2 (50%)|
|30 to <50 mL/min||2/14 (14%)||0/1 (0%)||7/17 (41%)||1/1 (100%)|
Consider these data when selecting antibacterial therapy for use in adult patients with baseline moderate to severe renal impairment.
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