ENJUVIA

ENJUVIA — estrogens, conjugated synthetic b tablet
Physicians Total Care, Inc.

11001651

Rx only

ESTROGENS INCREASE THE RISK OF ENDOMETRIAL CANCER

Close clinical surveillance of all women taking estrogens is important. Adequate diagnostic measures, including endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in all cases of undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal vaginal bleeding. There is no evidence that the use of “natural” estrogens results in a different endometrial risk profile than synthetic estrogens at equivalent estrogen doses. (See WARNINGS, Malignant neoplasms, Endometrial cancer.)

CARDIOVASCULAR AND OTHER RISKS

Estrogens with or without progestins should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and WARNINGS, Cardiovascular disorders and Dementia.)

The estrogen alone substudy of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) reported increased risks of stroke and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 6.8 years and 7.1 years, respectively, of treatment with oral conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg) alone per day, relative to placebo. (See CLINICAL STUDIES and WARNINGS, Cardiovascular disorders.)

The estrogen-plus-progestin substudy of the WHI reported increased risks of myocardial infarction, stroke, invasive breast cancer, pulmonary emboli, and deep vein thrombosis in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 5.6 years of treatment with oral conjugated estrogens (CE 0.625 mg) combined with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA 2.5 mg) per day, relative to placebo. (See CLINICAL STUDIES, and WARNINGS, Cardiovascular disorders and Malignant neoplasms, Breast cancer).

The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS), a substudy of WHI study, reported increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 5.2 years of treatment with CE 0.625 mg alone and during 4 years of treatment with CE 0.625 mg combined with MPA 2.5 mg, relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women. (See CLINICAL STUDIES, WARNINGS, Dementia and PRECAUTIONS, Geriatric Use.)

Other doses of conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate, and other combinations and dosage forms of estrogens and progestins, were not studied in the WHI clinical trials, and in the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar. Because of these risks, estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

DESCRIPTION

ENJUVIA® (synthetic conjugated estrogens, B) tablets contain a blend of ten (10) synthetic estrogenic substances. The estrogenic substances are: sodium estrone sulfate, sodium equilin sulfate, sodium 17α-dihydroequilin sulfate, sodium 17α-estradiol sulfate, sodium 17β-dihydroequilin sulfate, sodium 17α-dihydroequilenin sulfate, sodium 17β-dihydroequilenin sulfate, sodium equilenin sulfate, sodium 17β-estradiol sulfate, and sodium Δ8,9 -dehydroestrone sulfate.

The structural formulae for these estrogens are:

structural formula for sodium estrone sulfate

Sodium Estrone Sulfate

structural formula for sodium equilin sulfate

Sodium Equilin Sulfate

structural formula for sodium 17 alpha dihydroequilin sulfate

Sodium 17α-Dihydroequilin Sulfate

structural formula for sodium 17 alpha estradiol sulfate

Sodium 17α-Estradiol Sulfate

structural formula for  for sodium 17 beta dihydroequilin sulfate

Sodium 17β-Dihydroequilenin Sulfate

structural formula for sodium 17 alpha dihydroequilenin sulfate

Sodium 17α-Dihydroequilenin Sulfate

structural formula for sodium 17 beta estradiol sulfate

Sodium 17β-Estradiol Sulfate

structural formula for sodium equilenin sulfate

Sodium Equilenin Sulfate

structural formula for sodium 17 beta -- dihydroequilenin sulfate

Sodium 17β-Dihydroequilenin Sulfate

structural formula for sodium delta dehyroestrone sulfate

Sodium Δ8,9 dehydroestrone Sulfate

ENJUVIA tablets for oral administration are available in 0.3 mg, 0.45 mg, 0.625 mg, 0.9 mg and 1.25 mg strengths of synthetic conjugated estrogens, B. These tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: ascorbyl palmitate, butylated hydroxyanisole, colloidal silicon dioxide, edetate disodium dehydrate, plasticized ethylcellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, purified water, iron oxide red, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, triacetate and triacetin/glycerol. In addition, the 0.45 mg tablets contain iron oxide black and iron oxide yellow; the 0.9 mg tablets also contain D&C yellow no. 10 aluminum lake, FD&C blue no. 1 aluminum lake and FD&C yellow no. 6 aluminum lake; and the 1.25 mg tablets contain iron oxide yellow.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Endogenous estrogens are largely responsible for the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics. Although circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions, estradiol is the principal intracellular human estrogen and is substantially more potent than its metabolites, estrone and estriol, at the receptor level.

The primary source of estrogen in normally cycling adult women is the ovarian follicle, which secretes 70 to 500 mcg of estradiol daily, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. After menopause, most endogenous estrogen is produced by conversion of androstenedione, secreted by the adrenal cortex, to estrone by peripheral tissues. Thus, estrone and the sulfate-conjugated form, estrone sulfate, are the most abundant circulating estrogens in postmenopausal women.

Estrogens act through binding to nuclear receptors in estrogen-responsive tissues. To date, two estrogen receptors have been identified. These vary in proportion from tissue to tissue.

Circulating estrogens modulate the pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), through a negative feedback mechanism. Estrogens act to reduce the elevated levels of these hormones in postmenopausal women.

A. Absorption

Synthetic conjugated estrogens, B are soluble in water and are well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract after release from the drug formulation. ENJUVIA tablets release synthetic conjugated estrogens, B slowly over a period of several hours. Table 1 and Table 2 summarize the mean pharmacokinetic parameters for unconjugated (free) and conjugated (total) estrogens following single administration of two 0.625 mg tablets to 21 healthy postmenopausal women under fasting conditions. The effect of food on the bioavailability of synthetic conjugated estrogens, B following administration of ENJUVIA tablets has not been studied. However, the presence of food did not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of a similar formulation of synthetic conjugated estrogens, B.

Table 1. Mean Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Unconjugated (Free) Estrogens Following a Single Dose of 2 x 0.625 mg ENJUVIA Tablets Under Fasting Conditions*
Cmax = peak plasma concentration; tmax = time peak concentration occurs; t1/2 = apparent terminal-phase disposition half-life. AUC0-48h = total area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to time of last quantifiable concentration (48h) ; * Δ8,9 Dehydroestrone (free) levels were below the assay limit of quantitation; CV= Coefficient of Variance

Cmax

(pg/mL)

tmax

(hr)

t1/2

(hr)

AUC0-48h

(pg●hr/mL)

Baseline-corrected estrone

75.87

9.29

23.46

1601.59

Equilin

41.94

8.38

15.09

707.21

Table 2. Mean Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Conjugated (Total) Estrogens Following a Single Dose of 2 x 0.625 mg ENJUVIA Tablets Under Fasting Conditions
Cmax = peak plasma concentration; tmax = time peak concentration occurs; t1/2 = apparent terminal-phase disposition half-life; AUC0-48h = total area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to time of last quantifiable concentration (48h); CV= Coefficient of Variance

Cmax

(ng/mL)

tmax

(h)

t1/2

(h)

AUC0-48h

(ng●h/mL)

Baseline-corrected estrone

3.74

8.00

14.26

62.03

Equilin

3.69

8.05

11.28

58.25

Δ8,9 Dehydroestrone

0.74

7.55

14.14

12.93

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