Esomeprazole Strontium

ESOMEPRAZOLE STRONTIUM- esomeprazole strontium capsule, delayed release
Amneal Pharmaceuticals of New York LLC

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults

Healing of Erosive Esophagitis

Esomeprazole strontium is indicated for the short-term treatment (4 to 8 weeks) in the healing and symptomatic resolution of diagnostically confirmed erosive esophagitis. For those patients who have not healed after 4 to 8 weeks of treatment, an additional 4 to 8 week course of esomeprazole strontium may be considered.

Maintenance of Healing of Erosive Esophagitis

Esomeprazole strontium is indicated to maintain symptom resolution and healing of erosive esophagitis. Controlled studies do not extend beyond 6 months.

Symptomatic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Esomeprazole strontium is indicated for short-term treatment (4 to 8 weeks) of heartburn and other symptoms associated with GERD in adults.

1.2 Risk Reduction of NSAID-Associated Gastric Ulcer in Adults

Esomeprazole strontium is indicated for the reduction in the occurrence of gastric ulcers associated with continuous NSAID therapy in patients at risk for developing gastric ulcers. Patients are considered to be at risk either due to their age (≥60) and/or documented history of gastric ulcers. Controlled studies do not extend beyond 6 months.

1.3 H. pylori Eradication to Reduce the Risk of Duodenal Ulcer Recurrence in Adults

Triple Therapy (esomeprazole strontium plus amoxicillin and clarithromycin): esomeprazole strontium, in combination with amoxicillin and clarithromycin, is indicated for the treatment of patients with H. pylori infection and duodenal ulcer disease (active or history of within the past 5 years) to eradicate H. pylori. Eradication of H. pylori has been shown to reduce the risk of duodenal ulcer recurrence [see Dosage and Administration (2) and Clinical Studies (14)].

In patients who fail therapy, susceptibility testing should be done. If resistance to clarithromycin is demonstrated or susceptibility testing is not possible, alternative antimicrobial therapy should be instituted [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.4) and the prescribing information for clarithromycin ].

1.4 Pathological Hypersecretory Conditions Including Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome in Adults

Esomeprazole strontium is indicated for the long-term treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions, including Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Esomeprazole strontium is supplied as delayed-release capsules for oral administration. The recommended dosages are outlined in Table 1. Esomeprazole strontium should be taken at least one hour before meals.

The duration of proton pump inhibitor administration should be based on available safety and efficacy data specific to the defined indication and dosing frequency, as described in the prescribing information, and individual patient medical needs. Proton pump inhibitor treatment should only be initiated and continued if the benefits outweigh the risks of treatment.

Table 1: Recommended Dosage Schedule of Esomeprazole Strontium Delayed-Release Capsules

Indication

Dose

Frequency

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults

Healing of Erosive Esophagitis

24.65 mga or 49.3 mgb

Once Daily for 4 to 8 Weeks*

Maintenance of Healing of Erosive Esophagitis

24.65 mga

Once Daily**

Symptomatic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

24.65 mga

Once Daily for 4 Weeks***

Risk Reduction of NSAID-Associated Gastric Ulcer in Adults

24.65 mga or 49.3 mgb

Once Daily for up to 6 months**

H. pylori Eradication to Reduce the Risk of Duodenal Ulcer Recurrence in Adults

Triple Therapy:

esomeprazole strontium

49.3 mgb

Once Daily for 10 Days

Amoxicillin

1000 mg

Twice Daily for 10 Days

Clarithromycin

500 mg

Twice Daily for 10 Days

Pathological Hypersecretory Conditions Including Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome in Adults

49.3 mg†b

Twice Daily

* [See Clinical Studies (14.1). ] The majority of patients are healed within 4 to 8 weeks. For patients who do not heal after 4 to 8 weeks, an additional 4 to 8 weeks of treatment may be considered.

** Controlled studies did not extend beyond six months.

*** If symptoms do not resolve completely after 4 weeks, an additional 4 weeks of treatment may be considered.
The dosage of esomeprazole strontium in patients with pathological hypersecretory conditions varies with the individual patient. Dosage regimens should be adjusted to individual patient needs.
Doses up to 240 mg daily have been administered [see Drug Interactions (7) ].
a 24.65 mg of esomeprazole strontium is equivalent to 20 mg of esomeprazole
b 49.3 mg of esomeprazole strontium is equivalent to 40 mg of esomeprazole

Refer to amoxicillin and clarithromycin full prescribing information for Contraindications, Warnings, and dosing in elderly and in renally-impaired patients.

Special Populations

Hepatic Insufficiency

In patients with mild to moderate liver impairment (Child Pugh Classes A and B), no dosage adjustment is necessary. For patients with severe liver impairment (Child Pugh Class C), a dose of 24.65 mg of esomeprazole strontium (equivalent to 20 mg of esomeprazole) should not be exceeded [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ].

Administrative Options

Directions for use specific to the route and available methods of administration are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: Administration Options

Administration Options (See text following table for additional instructions.)

Dosage Form

Route

Options

Delayed-Release Capsules

Oral

Capsule can be swallowed whole. Do not chew or crush; or

Capsule can be opened and granules mixed with applesauce. Do not chew or crush granules.

Delayed-Release Capsules

Nasogastric Tube

Capsule can be opened and the intact granules emptied into a catheter tipped syringe and delivered through the nasogastric tube.

Esomeprazole strontium delayed-release capsules should be swallowed whole. Do not chew or crush capsule.

Alternatively, for patients who have difficulty swallowing capsules, one tablespoon of applesauce can be added to an empty bowl and the esomeprazole strontium delayed-release capsule can be opened, and the granules inside the capsule carefully emptied onto the applesauce. The granules should be mixed with the applesauce and then swallowed immediately: do not store for future use. The applesauce used should not be hot and should be soft enough to be swallowed without chewing. The granules should not be chewed or crushed. If the granules/applesauce mixture is not used in its entirety, the remaining mixture should be discarded immediately.

For patients who have a nasogastric tube in place, esomeprazole strontium delayed-release capsules can be opened and the intact granules emptied into a 60 mL catheter tipped syringe and mixed with 50 mL of water. It is important to only use a catheter tipped syringe when administering esomeprazole strontium delayed-release capsules through a nasogastric tube. Replace the plunger and shake the syringe vigorously for 15 seconds. Hold the syringe with the tip up and check for granules remaining in the tip. Attach the syringe to a nasogastric tube and deliver the contents of the syringe through the nasogastric tube into the stomach. After administering the granules, the nasogastric tube should be flushed with additional water. Do not administer the granules if they have dissolved or disintegrated.

The mixture must be used immediately after preparation.

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