- Administer everolimus at the same time each day.
- Administer everolimus consistently either with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
- If a dose of everolimus is missed, it can be administered up to 6 hours after the time it is normally administered. After more than 6 hours, the dose should be skipped for that day. The next day, everolimus should be administered at its usual time. Double doses should not be administered to make up for the dose that was missed.
- Everolimus tablets should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. Do not break or crush tablets.
Tablets, White to off white, capsule shaped, flat faced bevelled edge:
• 2.5 mg: debossed with B 2.5 on one side and plain on other side.
• 5 mg: debossed with B 5 on one side and plain on other side.
• 7.5 mg: debossed with B 7.5 on one side and plain on other side.
• 10 mg: debossed with B 10 on one side and plain on other side
Everolimus are contraindicated in patients with clinically significant hypersensitivity to everolimus or to other rapamycin derivatives [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].
Non-infectious pneumonitis is a class effect of rapamycin derivatives. Non-infectious pneumonitis was reported in up to 19% of patients treated with everolimus in clinical trials, some cases were reported with pulmonary hypertension (including pulmonary arterial hypertension) as a secondary event. The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 non-infectious pneumonitis was up to 4% and up to 0.2%, respectively [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Fatal outcomes have been observed.
Consider a diagnosis of non-infectious pneumonitis in patients presenting with non-specific respiratory signs and symptoms. Consider opportunistic infections, such as pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) in the differential diagnosis. Advise patients to report promptly any new or worsening respiratory symptoms.
Continue everolimus without dose alteration in patients who develop radiological changes suggestive of non-infectious pneumonitis and have few or no symptoms. Imaging appears to overestimate the incidence of clinical pneumonitis.
For Grade 2 to 4 non-infectious pneumonitis, withhold or permanently discontinue everolimus based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.9)]. Corticosteroids may be indicated until clinical symptoms resolve. Administer prophylaxis for PJP when concomitant use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents are required. The development of pneumonitis has been reported even at a reduced dose.
Everolimus has immunosuppressive properties and may predispose patients to bacterial, fungal, viral, or protozoal infections, including infections with opportunistic pathogens [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Localized and systemic infections, including pneumonia, mycobacterial infections, other bacterial infections, invasive fungal infections (e.g., aspergillosis, candidiasis, or PJP) and viral infections (e.g., reactivation of hepatitis B virus) have occurred. Some of these infections have been severe (e.g., sepsis, septic shock, or resulting in multisystem organ failure) or fatal. The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 infections was up to 10% and up to 3%, respectively. The incidence of serious infections was reported at a higher frequency in patients < 6 years of age [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].
Complete treatment of preexisting invasive fungal infections prior to starting treatment. Monitor for signs and symptoms of infection. Withhold or permanently discontinue everolimus based on severity of infection [see Dosage and Administration (2.9)].
Administer prophylaxis for PJP when concomitant use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents are required.
Hypersensitivity reactions to everolimus have been observed and include anaphylaxis, dyspnea, flushing, chest pain, and angioedema (e.g., swelling of the airways or tongue, with or without respiratory impairment) [see Contraindications (4)]. The incidence of Grade 3 hypersensitivity reactions was up to 1%. Permanently discontinue everolimus for the development of clinically significant hypersensitivity.
Patients taking concomitant ACE inhibitors with everolimus may be at increased risk for angioedema (e.g., swelling of the airways or tongue, with or without respiratory impairment). In a pooled analysis of randomized double-blind oncology clinical trials, the incidence of angioedema in patients taking everolimus tablets with an ACE inhibitor was 6.8% compared to 1.3% in the control arm with an ACE inhibitor. Permanently discontinue everolimus for angioedema.
Stomatitis, including mouth ulcers and oral mucositis, has occurred in patients treated with everolimus at an incidence ranging from 44% to 78% across clinical trials. Grades 3-4 stomatitis was reported in 4% to 9% of patients [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Stomatitis most often occurs within the first 8 weeks of treatment. When starting everolimus, initiating dexamethasone alcohol-free oral solution as a swish and spit mouthwash reduces the incidence and severity of stomatitis [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. If stomatitis does occur, mouthwashes and/or other topical treatments are recommended. Avoid alcohol-, hydrogen peroxide-, iodine-, or thyme- containing products, as they may exacerbate the condition. Do not administer antifungal agents, unless fungal infection has been diagnosed.
Cases of renal failure (including acute renal failure), some with a fatal outcome, have occurred in patients taking everolimus tablets. Elevations of serum creatinine and proteinuria have been reported in patients taking everolimus [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 elevations of serum creatinine was up to 2% and up to 1%, respectively. The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 proteinuria was up to 1% and up to 0.5%, respectively. Monitor renal function prior to starting everolimus and annually thereafter. Monitor renal function at least every 6 months in patients who have additional risk factors for renal failure.
Impaired wound healing can occur in patients who receive drugs that inhibit the VEGF signaling pathway. Therefore, everolimus have the potential to adversely affect wound healing. Withhold everolimus for at least 1 week prior to elective surgery.
Do not administer for at least 2 weeks following major surgery and until adequate wound healing. The safety of resumption of treatment upon resolution of wound healing complications has not been established.
In the randomized hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer study (BOLERO-2), the incidence of deaths due to any cause within 28 days of the last everolimus tablets dose was 6% in patients ≥ 65 years of age compared to 2% in patients < 65 years of age. Adverse reactions leading to permanent treatment discontinuation occurred in 33% of patients ≥ 65 years of age compared to 17% in patients < 65 years of age. Careful monitoring and appropriate dose adjustments for adverse reactions are recommended [see Dosage and Administration (2.9), Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].
Hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertriglyceridemia have been reported in patients taking everolimus tablets at an incidence up to 75%, 86%, and 73%, respectively. The incidence of these Grade 3 and 4 laboratory abnormalities was up to 15% and up to 0.4%, respectively [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. In non-diabetic patients, monitor fasting serum glucose prior to starting everolimus tablets and annually thereafter. In diabetic patients, monitor fasting serum glucose more frequently as clinically indicated. Monitor lipid profile prior to starting everolimus tablets and annually thereafter. When possible, achieve optimal glucose and lipid control prior to starting everolimus tablets. For Grade 3 to 4 metabolic events, withhold or permanently discontinue everolimus tablets based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.9)].
Anemia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia have been reported in patients taking everolimus. The incidence of these Grade 3 and 4 laboratory abnormalities was up to 16% and up to 2%, respectively [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Monitor complete blood count (CBC) prior to starting everolimus every 6 months for the first year of treatment and annually thereafter. Withhold or permanently discontinue everolimus based on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.9)].
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