GOCOVRI- amantadine capsule, coated pellets
Adamas Pharma, LLC
GOCOVRI® is indicated:
- For the treatment of dyskinesia in patients with Parkinson’s disease receiving levodopa-based therapy, with or without concomitant dopaminergic medications
- As adjunctive treatment to levodopa/carbidopa in patients with Parkinson’s disease experiencing “off” episodes
The initial daily dosage of GOCOVRI is 137 mg, administered orally once daily at bedtime. After one week, increase to the recommended dosage of 274 mg (two 137 mg capsules) once daily at bedtime. GOCOVRI is not interchangeable with other amantadine immediate- or extended-release products.
GOCOVRI should be swallowed whole. Do not crush, chew or divide capsules. If needed, GOCOVRI may be administered by carefully opening and sprinkling the entire contents on a small amount (teaspoonful) of soft food, such as applesauce. The drug/food mixture should be swallowed immediately without chewing. Do not store mixture for future use.
GOCOVRI can be taken with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Concomitant use of GOCOVRI with alcohol is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7.4)].
It is recommended to avoid sudden discontinuation of GOCOVRI [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].
The initial and maximum recommended daily dosage of GOCOVRI for patients with renal impairment (creatinine clearance estimated by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) method) is provided below.
|1 Increase, if needed, after one week of the initial dosage|
|Mild renal impairment(60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2)||Initial dosage: 137 mg once daily at bedtime. After one week, increase to recommended dosage of 274 mg once daily at bedtime.|
|Moderate renal impairment(30 to 59 mL/min/1.73 m2)||Initial dosage: 68.5 mg once daily at bedtime Maximum recommended dosage: 137 mg once daily at bedtime1|
|Severe renal impairment(15 to 29 mL/min/1.73 m2)||68.5 mg once daily at bedtime|
|End Stage Renal Disease(below 15 mL/min/1.73 m2)||Contraindicated|
Rapid dose reduction or withdrawal of GOCOVRI may cause adverse reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. Therefore, to discontinue GOCOVRI in patients who have been on the drug for more than 4 weeks, GOCOVRI dosage should, if possible, be reduced by half for the final week of dosing.
If a dose of GOCOVRI is missed, the next dose should be taken as scheduled.
GOCOVRI is available as extended-release capsules for oral administration. Each capsule contains 68.5 mg or 137 mg of amantadine.
The 68.5 mg capsule is a white opaque size #2 capsule, with black printing of ‘ADAMAS’ on front and ‘85’ on back of the cap and three black bands printed on body of capsule.
The 137 mg capsule is a light blue opaque size #0 capsule, with black printing of ‘ADAMAS’ on front and ‘170’ on back of the cap and three black bands printed on body of capsule.
GOCOVRI is contraindicated in patients with end-stage renal disease (i.e., creatinine clearance below 15 mL/min/1.73 m2) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
Patients treated for Parkinson’s disease have reported falling asleep while engaged in activities of daily living, including the operation of motor vehicles, which sometimes has resulted in accidents. Patients may not perceive warning signs, such as excessive drowsiness, or they may report feeling alert immediately prior to the event. In controlled clinical trials, somnolence and fatigue were reported as adverse reactions in 4% of patients treated with GOCOVRI 274 mg and 1% for placebo.
Before initiating treatment with GOCOVRI, advise patients of the potential to develop drowsiness and specifically ask about factors that may increase the risk for somnolence with GOCOVRI, such as concomitant sedating medications or the presence of a sleep disorder. If a patient develops daytime sleepiness or episodes of falling asleep during activities that require full attention (e.g., driving a motor vehicle, conversations, eating), GOCOVRI should ordinarily be discontinued.
If a decision is made to continue GOCOVRI, patients should be advised not to drive and to avoid other potentially dangerous activities. There is insufficient information to establish that dose reduction will eliminate episodes of falling asleep while engaged in activities of daily living or daytime somnolence.
In controlled clinical trials, suicidal ideation or suicide attempt was reported in 2% of GOCOVRI-treated patients and 0% of placebo-treated patients. Depression or depressed mood was reported in 6% of GOCOVRI-treated patients and 1% of placebo-treated patients. Confusional state was reported in 3% of GOCOVRI-treated patients and 2% of placebo-treated patients. Apathy was reported in 2% of GOCOVRI-treated patients and 0% of placebo-treated patients.
Monitor patients for depression, including suicidal ideation or behavior. Prescribers should consider whether the benefits outweigh the risks of treatment with GOCOVRI in patients with a history of suicidality or depression.
Patients with a major psychotic disorder should ordinarily not be treated with GOCOVRI because of the risk of exacerbating psychosis. In controlled trials, the incidence of patients who experienced visual hallucinations, auditory hallucinations, delusions, illusions, or paranoia was 25% in patients treated with GOCOVRI 274 mg, and 3% in placebo-treated patients. Hallucinations caused discontinuation of treatment in 8% of GOCOVRI-treated patients, and in 0% of placebo-treated patients.
Observe patients for the occurrence of hallucinations throughout treatment, especially at initiation, and after dose increases.
In controlled clinical trials, 29% of GOCOVRI-treated patients and 2% of placebo-treated patients experienced dizziness, syncope, orthostatic hypotension, presyncope, postural dizziness or hypotension. In GOCOVRI-treated patients, 3% discontinued study treatment because of dizziness, postural dizziness, or syncope, compared to 0% of placebo-treated patients.
Monitor patients for dizziness and orthostatic hypotension, especially after starting GOCOVRI or increasing the dose. Concomitant use of alcohol when using GOCOVRI is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7.4)].
A symptom complex resembling neuroleptic malignant syndrome (characterized by elevated temperature, muscular rigidity, altered consciousness, and autonomic instability), with no other obvious etiology, has been reported in association with rapid dose reduction, withdrawal of, or changes in drugs that increase central dopaminergic tone.
Abrupt discontinuation of GOCOVRI may cause an increase in the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease or cause delirium, agitation, delusions, hallucinations, paranoid reaction, stupor, anxiety, depression, or slurred speech. It is recommended to avoid sudden discontinuation of GOCOVRI [see Dosing Information (2.4)].
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