Hemlibra

HEMLIBRA- emicizumab injection, solution
Genentech, Inc.

WARNING: THROMBOTIC MICROANGIOPATHY AND THROMBOEMBOLISM

Cases of thrombotic microangiopathy and thrombotic events were reported when on average a cumulative amount of >100 U/kg/24 hours of activated prothrombin complex concentrate was administered for 24 hours or more to patients receiving HEMLIBRA prophylaxis. Monitor for the development of thrombotic microangiopathy and thrombotic events if aPCC is administered. Discontinue aPCC and suspend dosing of HEMLIBRA if symptoms occur.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

HEMLIBRA is indicated for routine prophylaxis to prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in adult and pediatric patients ages newborn and older with hemophilia A (congenital factor VIII deficiency) with or without factor VIII inhibitors.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosage

For subcutaneous use only.

The recommended loading dose is 3 mg/kg by subcutaneous injection once weekly for the first 4 weeks, followed by a maintenance dose of:

  • 1.5 mg/kg once every week, or
  • 3 mg/kg once every two weeks, or
  • 6 mg/kg once every four weeks.

The selection of a maintenance dose should be based on healthcare provider preference with consideration of regimens that may increase patient adherence.

Discontinue the prophylactic use of bypassing agents the day before starting HEMLIBRA prophylaxis.

The prophylactic use of factor VIII (FVIII) products may be continued during the first week of HEMLIBRA prophylaxis.

Missed Dose

If a dose of HEMLIBRA is missed administer as soon as possible and then resume usual dosing schedule. Do not administer two doses on the same day to make up for a missed dose.

2.2 Preparation and Administration

HEMLIBRA is intended for use under the guidance of a healthcare provider. After proper training in subcutaneous injection technique, a patient may self-inject, or the patient’s caregiver may administer HEMLIBRA, if a healthcare provider determines that it is appropriate. Self-administration is not recommended for children less than 7 years of age. The HEMLIBRA “Instructions for Use” contains more detailed instructions on the preparation and administration of HEMLIBRA [see Instructions for Use].

  • Visually inspect HEMLIBRA for particulate matter and discoloration before administration. HEMLIBRA for subcutaneous administration is a colorless to slightly yellow solution. Do not use if particulate matter is visible or product is discolored.
  • A syringe, a transfer needle with filter and an injection needle are needed to withdraw HEMLIBRA solution from the vial and inject it subcutaneously.
  • Refer to the HEMLIBRA “Instructions for Use” for handling instructions when combining vials. Do not combine HEMLIBRA vials of different concentrations (i.e. 30 mg/mL and 150 mg/mL) in a single injection.

Please see below the selection criteria for the recommended device options:

  • Administer doses of HEMLIBRA up to 1 mL with a 1 mL syringe. A 1 mL syringe fulfilling the following criteria may be used: Transparent polypropylene or polycarbonate syringe with Luer-Lock tip, graduation 0.01 mL, sterile, for injection only, single-use, latex-free and non-pyrogenic, commercially available in the US.
  • Administer doses of HEMLIBRA greater than 1 mL and up to 2 mL with a 2 mL or 3 mL syringe. A 2 mL or 3 mL syringe fulfilling the following criteria may be used: Transparent polypropylene or polycarbonate syringe with Luer-Lock tip, graduation 0.1 mL, sterile, for injection only, single-use, latex-free, and non-pyrogenic, commercially available in the US.
  • A transfer needle with a filter fulfilling the following criteria should be used: Stainless steel needle with Luer-Lock connection, sterile, 18 gauge, length 1 to 1½ inch, single bevel or semi-blunted tip, single-use, latex-free, containing a 5-micron filter and non-pyrogenic, commercially available in the US.
  • An injection needle fulfilling the following criteria may be used: Stainless steel with Luer-Lock connection, sterile, 26 gauge (acceptable range: 25 – 27 gauge), length preferably ⅜ inch or maximal length ½ inch, single-use, latex-free and non-pyrogenic, including needle safety feature, commercially available in the US.
  • Administer each injection at a different anatomic location (upper outer arms, thighs, or any quadrant of abdomen) than the previous injection. An injection should never be given into moles, scars, or areas where the skin is tender, bruised, red, hard, or not intact. Administration of HEMLIBRA in the upper outer arm should only be performed by a caregiver or healthcare provider.
  • Discard any unused HEMLIBRA remaining in the single-dose vial.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

HEMLIBRA is available as a colorless to slightly yellow solution in single-dose vials.

Injection:

  • 30 mg/mL
  • 60 mg/0.4 mL
  • 105 mg/0.7 mL
  • 150 mg/mL

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Thrombotic Microangiopathy Associated with HEMLIBRA and aPCC

Cases of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) were reported from clinical trials when on average a cumulative amount of >100 U/kg/24 hours of activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC) was administered for 24 hours or more to patients receiving HEMLIBRA prophylaxis. In clinical trials, thrombotic microangiopathy was reported in 0.8% of patients (3/391) and in 8.1% of patients (3/37) who received at least one dose of aPCC. Patients presented with thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and acute kidney injury, without severe deficiencies in ADAMTS13 activity.

Evidence of improvement was seen within one week following discontinuation of aPCC. One patient resumed HEMLIBRA following resolution of TMA.

Consider the benefits and risks if aPCC must be used in a patient receiving HEMLIBRA prophylaxis. Due to the long half-life of HEMLIBRA, the potential for an interaction with aPCC may persist for up to 6 months after the last dose. Monitor for the development of TMA when administering aPCC. Immediately discontinue aPCC and interrupt HEMLIBRA prophylaxis if clinical symptoms and/or laboratory findings consistent with TMA occur, and manage as clinically indicated. Consider the benefits and risks of resuming HEMLIBRA prophylaxis following complete resolution of TMA on a case-by-case basis.

5.2 Thromboembolism Associated with HEMLIBRA and aPCC

Thrombotic events were reported from clinical trials when on average a cumulative amount of >100 U/kg/24 hours of aPCC was administered for 24 hours or more to patients receiving HEMLIBRA prophylaxis. In clinical trials, thrombotic events were reported in 0.5% of patients (2/391) and in 5.4% of patients (2/37) who received at least one dose of aPCC.

No thrombotic event required anticoagulation therapy. Evidence of improvement or resolution was seen within one month following discontinuation of aPCC. One patient resumed HEMLIBRA following resolution of thrombotic event.

Consider the benefits and risks if aPCC must be used in a patient receiving HEMLIBRA prophylaxis. Due to the long half-life of HEMLIBRA, the potential for an interaction with aPCC may persist for up to 6 months after the last dose. Monitor for the development of thromboembolism when administering aPCC. Immediately discontinue aPCC and interrupt HEMLIBRA prophylaxis if clinical symptoms, imaging, or laboratory findings consistent with thromboembolism occur, and manage as clinically indicated. Consider the benefits and risks of resuming HEMLIBRA prophylaxis following complete resolution of thrombotic events on a case-by-case basis.

5.3 Laboratory Coagulation Test Interference

HEMLIBRA affects intrinsic pathway clotting-based laboratory tests, including activated clotting time (ACT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), and all assays based on aPTT, such as one-stage factor VIII (FVIII) activity (Table 1). Therefore, intrinsic pathway clotting-based laboratory test results in patients treated with HEMLIBRA should not be used to monitor HEMLIBRA activity, determine dosing for factor replacement or anti-coagulation, or measure FVIII inhibitor titers [see Drug Interactions (7.2)]. Laboratory tests affected and unaffected by HEMLIBRA are shown in Table 1.

Table 1 Coagulation Test Results Affected and Unaffected by HEMLIBRA
Results Affected by HEMLIBRA Results Unaffected by HEMLIBRA
*
For important considerations regarding FVIII chromogenic activity assays, see Drug Interactions (7.2).
Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)Bethesda assays (clotting-based) for FVIII inhibitor titersOne-stage, aPTT-based, single-factor assaysaPTT-based Activated Protein C Resistance (APC-R)Activated clotting time (ACT) Bethesda assays (bovine chromogenic) for FVIII inhibitor titersThrombin time (TT)One-stage, prothrombin time (PT)-based, single-factor assaysChromogenic-based single-factor assays other than FVIII *Immuno-based assays (i.e., ELISA, turbidimetric methods)Genetic tests of coagulation factors (e.g., Factor V Leiden, Prothrombin 20210)

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