HYLENEX Recombinant

HYLENEX RECOMBINANT- hyaluronidase (human recombinant) injection, solution
A-S Medication Solutions

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Subcutaneous Fluid Administration

HYLENEX recombinant is indicated as an adjuvant in subcutaneous fluid administration for achieving hydration.

1.2 Dispersion and Absorption of Injected Drugs

HYLENEX recombinant is indicated as an adjuvant to increase the dispersion and absorption of other injected drugs.

1.3 Subcutaneous Urography

HYLENEX recombinant is indicated as an adjunct in subcutaneous urography for improving resorption of radiopaque agents.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Important Administration Instructions

HYLENEX recombinant should not be administered intravenously. Its effects relative to dispersion and absorption of other drugs are not produced when it is administered intravenously because the enzyme is rapidly inactivated.

HYLENEX recombinant may be administered for infiltration use, interstitial use, intramuscular use, intraocular use, peribulbar use, retrobulbar use, soft tissue use or subcutaneous use.

Visually inspect parenteral drug products for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.

Always use aseptic precautions. Lightly pinch the skin up into a small mound and insert the needle/catheter into the subcutaneous space. Inject HYLENEX recombinant through the catheter hub or injection port closest to the needle/catheter. Begin administration of solution. Solution should start in readily.

2.2 Subcutaneous Fluid Administration

Inject 150 U of HYLENEX recombinant prior to start of subcutaneous fluid administration to facilitate absorption of up to 1,000 mL or more of solution. As with all parenteral fluid therapy, observe effect closely, with the same precautions for restoring fluid and electrolyte balance as in intravenous injections. The dose, the rate of injection, and the type of solution (saline, glucose, Ringer’s, etc.) must be adjusted carefully to the individual patient. When solutions devoid of inorganic electrolytes are administered subcutaneously, hypovolemia may occur. This may be prevented by using solutions containing adequate amounts of inorganic electrolytes and/or controlling the volume and speed of administration.

HYLENEX recombinant may be added to small volumes of solution, such as fluid replacement solutions or solutions of drugs for subcutaneous injection. Subcutaneous fluids should be administered as directed by a physician. The dosage of subcutaneous fluids administered is dependent upon the age, weight, and clinical condition of the patient as well as laboratory determinations. The rate and volume of subcutaneous fluid administration should not exceed those employed for intravenous infusion. For premature infants or during the neonatal period, the daily dosage should not exceed 25 mL/kg and the rate of administration should not be greater than 2 mL per minute.

2.3 Dispersion and Absorption of Injected Drugs

Hylenex can be used to enhance the dispersion and absorption of other injected or subcutaneously infused drugs by pre-administration of HYLENEX recombinant or by adding 50-300 U, most typically 150 U hyaluronidase, to the injection solution prior to infiltration use, interstitial use, intramuscular use, intraocular use, retrobulbar use, soft tissue use or subcutaneous use.

2.4 Subcutaneous Urography

The subcutaneous route of administration of urographic contrast media may be considered when intravenous administration cannot be successfully accomplished, particularly in infants and small children. With the patient prone, inject 75 U of HYLENEX recombinant subcutaneously over each scapula, followed by injection of the contrast medium at the same sites.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

150 USP units/mL single dose vials

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

HYLENEX recombinant is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase or any of the excipients in HYLENEX recombinant. A preliminary skin test for hypersensitivity to HYLENEX recombinant can be performed. The skin test is made by an intradermal injection of approximately 0.02 mL (3 Units) of a 150 Unit/mL solution. A positive reaction consists of a wheal with pseudopods appearing within 5 minutes and persisting for 20 to 30 minutes and accompanied by localized itching. Transient vasodilation at the site of the test, i.e., erythema, is not a positive reaction. Discontinue HYLENEX recombinant if sensitization occurs.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Spread of Localized Infection

Hyaluronidase should not be injected into or around an infected or acutely inflamed area because of the danger of spreading a localized infection.

Hyaluronidase should not be used to reduce the swelling of bites or stings.

5.2 Ocular Damage

Hyaluronidase should not be applied directly to the cornea. It is not for topical use.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of hyaluronidase products. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

The most frequently reported adverse reactions have been mild local injection site reactions such as erythema and pain. Hyaluronidase has been reported to enhance the adverse reactions associated with co-administered drug products. Edema has been reported most frequently in association with subcutaneous fluid administration. Allergic reactions (urticaria or angioedema) have been reported in less than 0.1% of patients receiving hyaluronidase. Anaphylactic-like reactions following retrobulbar block or intravenous injections have occurred, rarely.

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

It is recommended that appropriate references be consulted regarding physical or chemical incompatibilities before adding HYLENEX recombinant to a solution containing another drug.

7.1 Incompatibilities

Furosemide, the benzodiazepines and phenytoin have been found to be incompatible with hyaluronidase.

Admixture stability studies have shown that 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 or 1:200,000 epinephrine is incompatible with hyaluronidase due to the presence of sodium metabisulfite, a common additive in anesthetic products containing epinephrine.

7.2 Drug-Specific Precautions

Hyaluronidase should not be used to enhance the dispersion and absorption of dopamine and/or alpha agonist drugs.

When considering the administration of any other drug with hyaluronidase, it is recommended that appropriate references first be consulted to determine the usual precautions for the use of the other drug.

7.3 Local Anesthetics

When hyaluronidase is added to a local anesthetic agent, it hastens the onset of analgesia and tends to reduce the swelling caused by local infiltration, but the wider spread of the local anesthetic solution increases its absorption; this shortens its duration of action and tends to increase the incidence of systemic reaction.

7.4 Salicylates, Cortisone, ACTH, Estrogens and Antihistamines

Patients receiving large doses of salicylates, cortisone, ACTH, estrogens or antihistamines may require larger amounts of hyaluronidase for equivalent dispersing effect, since these drugs apparently render tissues partly resistant to the action of hyaluronidase.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C. In an embryo-fetal study, mice have been dosed daily by subcutaneous injection with recombinant human hyaluronidase at dose levels up to 2,200,000 U/kg. The study found no evidence of teratogenicity. Reduced fetal weight and increased numbers of fetal resorptions were observed, with no effects found at a daily dose of 360,000 U/kg, which represents several orders of magnitude over the suggested human dose range of 50-300 U of HYLENEX recombinant (0.8-5 U/kg in a 60 kg subject).

In a pre- and postnatal development study, mice have been dosed daily by subcutaneous injection with recombinant human hyaluronidase at dose levels up to 1,100,000 U/kg. The study found no adverse effects on sexual maturation, learning and memory of offspring, or their ability to produce another generation of offspring.

It is also not known whether HYLENEX recombinant can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. HYLENEX recombinant should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

8.2 Labor and Delivery

Administration of hyaluronidase during labor was reported to cause no complications: no increase in blood loss or differences in cervical trauma were observed.

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