INLYTA

INLYTA- axitinib tablet, film coated
Pfizer Laboratories Div Pfizer Inc

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 First-Line Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

INLYTA in combination with avelumab is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

INLYTA in combination with pembrolizumab is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.

1.2 Second-Line Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

INLYTA as a single agent is indicated for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after failure of one prior systemic therapy.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosing

First-Line Advanced RCC

The recommended dose of INLYTA is 5 mg orally taken twice daily (12 hours apart) with or without food in combination with avelumab 800 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. When INLYTA is used in combination with avelumab, dose escalation of INLYTA above the initial 5 mg dose may be considered at intervals of two weeks or longer. Review the Full Prescribing Information for recommended avelumab dosing information.

The recommended dose of INLYTA is 5 mg orally twice daily (12 hours apart) with or without food in combination with pembrolizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks or 400 mg every 6 weeks administered as an intravenous infusion over 30 minutes until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. When INLYTA is used in combination with pembrolizumab, dose escalation of INLYTA above the initial 5 mg dose may be considered at intervals of six weeks or longer. Review the Full Prescribing Information for recommended pembrolizumab dosing information.

Second-Line Advanced RCC

When INLYTA is used as a single agent, the recommended starting oral dose is 5 mg twice daily. Administer INLYTA doses approximately 12 hours apart with or without food.

Important Administration Instructions

Advise patients to swallow INLYTA whole with a full glass of water. If the patient vomits or misses a dose, an additional dose should not be taken. Advise the patient to take the next prescribed dose at the usual time.

2.2 Dose Modification Guidelines

Dose increase or reduction is recommended based on individual safety and tolerability.

Over the course of treatment, patients who tolerate INLYTA for at least two consecutive weeks with no adverse reactions Grade >2 (according to the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE]), are normotensive, and are not receiving anti-hypertension medication, may have their dose increased. When a dose increase from 5 mg twice daily is recommended, the INLYTA dose may be increased to 7 mg twice daily, and further to 10 mg twice daily using the same criteria.

Over the course of treatment, management of some adverse drug reactions may require temporary interruption or permanent discontinuation and/or dose reduction of INLYTA therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5)]. If dose reduction from 5 mg twice daily is required, the recommended dose is 3 mg twice daily. If additional dose reduction is required, the recommended dose is 2 mg twice daily.

Strong CYP3A4/5 Inhibitors

The concomitant use of strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitors should be avoided (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, and voriconazole). Selection of an alternate concomitant medication with no or minimal CYP3A4/5 inhibition potential is recommended. Although INLYTA dose adjustment has not been studied in patients receiving strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitors, if a strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitor must be co-administered, a dose decrease of INLYTA by approximately half is recommended, as this dose reduction is predicted to adjust the axitinib area under the plasma concentration vs time curve (AUC) to the range observed without inhibitors. The subsequent doses can be increased or decreased based on individual safety and tolerability. If co-administration of the strong inhibitor is discontinued, the INLYTA dose should be returned (after 3 – 5 half-lives of the inhibitor) to that used prior to initiation of the strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitor [see Drug Interactions (7.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Hepatic Impairment

No starting dose adjustment is required when administering INLYTA to patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A). Based on the pharmacokinetic data, the INLYTA starting dose should be reduced by approximately half in patients with baseline moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B). The subsequent doses can be increased or decreased based on individual safety and tolerability. INLYTA has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12), Use in Specific Populations (8.6), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Hepatotoxicity

In patients being treated with INLYTA in combination with avelumab:

  • If ALT or AST ≥3 times ULN but <5 times ULN or total bilirubin ≥1.5 times ULN but <3 times ULN, withhold both INLYTA and avelumab until these adverse reactions recover to Grades 0–1. If persistent (greater than 5 days), consider corticosteroid therapy [initial dose of 0.5 to 1 mg/kg/day] prednisone or equivalent followed by a taper. Consider rechallenge with a single drug or sequential rechallenge with both drugs after recovery. If rechallenging with INLYTA, consider dose reduction as per recommended dose modification guidelines.
  • If ALT or AST ≥5 times ULN or >3 times ULN with concurrent total bilirubin ≥2 times ULN or total bilirubin ≥3 times ULN, permanently discontinue both INLYTA and avelumab and consider corticosteroid therapy [initial dose 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent followed by a taper].

Review the Full Prescribing Information for additional dose modifications for avelumab.

In patients being treated with INLYTA in combination with pembrolizumab:

  • If ALT or AST ≥3 times ULN but <10 times ULN without concurrent total bilirubin ≥2 times ULN, withhold both INLYTA and pembrolizumab until these adverse reactions recover to Grades 0–1. Consider corticosteroid therapy. Consider rechallenge with a single drug or sequential rechallenge with both drugs after recovery. If rechallenging with INLYTA, consider dose reduction as per recommended dose modification guidelines.
  • If ALT or AST ≥10 times ULN or >3 times ULN with concurrent total bilirubin ≥2 times ULN, permanently discontinue both INLYTA and pembrolizumab and consider corticosteroid therapy.

Review the Full Prescribing Information for additional dose modifications for pembrolizumab.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • 1 mg tablets of INLYTA: red, film-coated, oval tablets, debossed with “Pfizer” on one side and “1 XNB” on the other side.
  • 5 mg tablets of INLYTA: red, film-coated, triangular tablets, debossed with “Pfizer” on one side and “5 XNB” on the other side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Hypertension and Hypertensive Crisis

In a controlled clinical study with INLYTA for the treatment of patients with RCC, hypertension was reported in 145/359 patients (40%) receiving INLYTA and 103/355 patients (29%) receiving sorafenib. Grade 3/4 hypertension was observed in 56/359 patients (16%) receiving INLYTA and 39/355 patients (11%) receiving sorafenib. Hypertensive crisis was reported in 2/359 patients (<1%) receiving INLYTA and none of the patients receiving sorafenib. The median onset time for hypertension (systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg) was within the first month of the start of INLYTA treatment and blood pressure increases have been observed as early as 4 days after starting INLYTA. Hypertension was managed with standard anti-hypertensive therapy. Discontinuation of INLYTA treatment due to hypertension occurred in 1/359 patients (<1%) receiving INLYTA and none of the patients receiving sorafenib [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Blood pressure should be well-controlled prior to initiating INLYTA. Patients should be monitored for hypertension and treated as needed with standard anti-hypertensive therapy. In the case of persistent hypertension despite use of anti-hypertensive medications, reduce the INLYTA dose. Discontinue INLYTA if hypertension is severe and persistent despite anti-hypertensive therapy and dose reduction of INLYTA, and discontinuation should be considered if there is evidence of hypertensive crisis. If INLYTA is interrupted, patients receiving anti-hypertensive medications should be monitored for hypotension [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

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