ISENTRESS (Page 2 of 8)

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • Film-coated Tablets
    • 400 mg pink, oval-shaped, film-coated tablets with “227” on one side (ISENTRESS).
    • 600 mg yellow, oval-shaped, film-coated tablets with Merck logo and “242” on one side and plain on the other side (ISENTRESS HD).
  • Chewable Tablets
    • 100 mg pale orange, oval-shaped, orange-banana flavored, chewable tablets scored on both sides and imprinted on one face with the Merck logo and “477” on opposite sides of the score.
    • 25 mg pale yellow, round, orange-banana flavored, chewable tablets with the Merck logo on one side and “473” on the other side.
  • For Oral Suspension
    • 100 mg white to off-white, banana flavored, granular powder that may contain yellow or beige to tan particles in a child resistant single-use foil packet.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Severe Skin and Hypersensitivity Reactions

Severe, potentially life-threatening, and fatal skin reactions have been reported. These include cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Hypersensitivity reactions have also been reported and were characterized by rash, constitutional findings, and sometimes, organ dysfunction, including hepatic failure. Discontinue ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD and other suspect agents immediately if signs or symptoms of severe skin reactions or hypersensitivity reactions develop (including, but not limited to, severe rash or rash accompanied by fever, general malaise, fatigue, muscle or joint aches, blisters, oral lesions, conjunctivitis, facial edema, hepatitis, eosinophilia, angioedema). Clinical status including liver aminotransferases should be monitored and appropriate therapy initiated. Delay in stopping ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD treatment or other suspect agents after the onset of severe rash may result in a life-threatening reaction.

5.2 Immune Reconstitution Syndrome

Immune reconstitution syndrome has been reported in patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy, including ISENTRESS. During the initial phase of combination antiretroviral treatment, patients whose immune systems respond may develop an inflammatory response to indolent or residual opportunistic infections (such as Mycobacterium avium infection, cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, tuberculosis), which may necessitate further evaluation and treatment.

Autoimmune disorders (such as Graves’ disease, polymyositis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome) have also been reported to occur in the setting of immune reconstitution; however, the time to onset is more variable, and can occur many months after initiation of treatment.

5.3 Phenylketonurics

ISENTRESS Chewable Tablets contain phenylalanine, a component of aspartame. Each 25 mg ISENTRESS Chewable Tablet contains approximately 0.05 mg phenylalanine. Each 100 mg ISENTRESS Chewable Tablet contains approximately 0.10 mg phenylalanine. Phenylalanine can be harmful to patients with phenylketonuria.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Treatment-Naïve Adults

The safety of ISENTRESS was evaluated in HIV-infected treatment-naïve subjects in 2 Phase III studies: STARTMRK evaluated ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily versus efavirenz, both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and ONCEMRK evaluated ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily versus ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. Safety data from these two studies are presented side-by-side in Tables 5 and 6 to simplify presentation; direct comparisons across trials should not be made due to differing duration of follow-up and study design.

STARTMRK (ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily)

In STARTMRK, subjects received ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily (N=281) or efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg at bedtime (N=282) both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, (N=282). During double-blind treatment, the total follow-up for subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate was 1104 patient-years and 1036 patient-years for subjects receiving efavirenz 600 mg at bedtime + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate.

In STARTMRK, the rate of discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events through Week 240 was 5% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 10% in subjects receiving efavirenz + emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate.

ONCEMRK (ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg [2 × 600 mg] once daily)

In ONCEMRK, subjects received ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily (n=531) or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily (n=266) both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. During double-blind treatment, the total follow-up for subjects with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily was 913 patient-years and for ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily was 450 patient-years.

In ONCEMRK, the rate of discontinuation of therapy due to adverse events through Week 96 was 1% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily and 2% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily.

Clinical adverse reactions of moderate to severe intensity occurring in ≥2% of treatment-naïve subjects treated with ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily or efavirenz in STARTMRK through Week 240 or ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily in ONCEMRK through Week 96 are presented in Table 6.

In STARTMRK, clinical adverse reactions of all intensities (mild, moderate and severe) occurring in ≥2% of subjects on ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily through Week 240 also include diarrhea, flatulence, asthenia, decreased appetite, abnormal dreams, depression and nightmare. In ONCEMRK, clinical adverse reactions of all intensities (mild, moderate and severe) occurring in ≥2% of subjects on ISENTRESS HD or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily through Week 96 also include abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and decreased appetite.

Table 6: Adverse Reactions * of Moderate to Severe Intensity Occurring in ≥2% of Treatment-Naïve Adult Subjects Receiving ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD
System Organ Class, Preferred Term STARTMRK Week 240 ONCEMRK Week 96
ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N= 281) Efavirenz 600 mg At Bedtime (N= 282) ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg Once Daily (N=531) ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N=266)
Note: ISENTRESS BID, ISENTRESS HD and efavirenz were administered with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
N= total number of subjects per treatment group
*
Includes adverse experiences considered by investigators to be at least possibly, probably, or definitely related to the drug.
Intensities are defined as follows: Moderate (discomfort enough to cause interference with usual activity); Severe (incapacitating with inability to work or do usual activity).
Headache 4% 5% 1% <1%
Insomnia 4% 4% <1% <1%
Nausea 3% 4% 1% 0%
Dizziness 2% 6% <1% 0%
Fatigue 2% 3% 0% 0%

Laboratory Abnormalities

The percentages of adult subjects with selected Grade 2 to 4 laboratory abnormalities (that represent a worsening Grade from baseline) who were treated with ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily or efavirenz in STARTMRK or ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily or ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily in ONCEMRK are presented in Table 7.

Table 7: Selected Grade 2 to 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Treatment-Naïve Subjects
STARTMRK Week 240 ONCEMRK Week 96
Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term (Unit) Limit ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N = 281) Efavirenz 600 mg At Bedtime (N = 282) ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg Once Daily (N=531) ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily (N=266)
ULN = Upper limit of normal range
Notes: ISENTRESS BID, ISENTRESS HD and Efavirenz were administered with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
*
Test not done in ONCEMRK
Test not done in STARTMRK
Hematology
Absolute neutrophil count (10 3 /µL)
Grade 2 0.75 — 0.999 3% 5% 2% 1%
Grade 3 0.50 — 0.749 3% 1% 1% 1%
Grade 4 <0.50 1% 1% <1% 0%
Hemoglobin (gm/dL)
Grade 2 7.5 — 8.4 1% 1% 0% 0%
Grade 3 6.5 — 7.4 1% 1% 0% 0%
Grade 4 <6.5 <1% 0% 0% 0%
Platelet count (10 3 /µL)
Grade 2 50 — 99.999 1% 0% 1% <1%
Grade 3 25 — 49.999 <1% <1% 0% 0%
Grade 4 <25 0% 0% 0% <1%
Blood chemistry
Fasting (non-random) serum glucose test (mg/dL) *
Grade 2 126 — 250 7% 6%
Grade 3 251 — 500 2% 1%
Grade 4 >500 0% 0%
Total serum bilirubin
Grade 2 1.6 — 2.5 × ULN 5% <1% 3% 2%
Grade 3 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 1% 0% 1% <1%
Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN <1% 0% <1% 0%
Creatinine
Grade 2 1.4-1.8 × ULN 1% 1% 0% <1%
Grade 3 1.9-3.4 × ULN 0% <1% 0% 0%
Grade 4 ≥3.5 × ULN 0% 0% 0% 0%
Serum aspartate aminotransferase
Grade 2 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 8% 10% 5% 3%
Grade 3 5.1 — 10.0 × ULN 5% 3% 2% <1%
Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% <1% 1% <1%
Serum alanine aminotransferase
Grade 2 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 11% 12% 4% 2%
Grade 3 5.1 — 10.0 × ULN 2% 2% 1% <1%
Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 2% 1% 1% <1%
Serum alkaline phosphatase
Grade 2 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 1% 3% 1% 0%
Grade 3 5.1 — 10.0 × ULN 0% 1% <1% 0%
Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN <1% <1% 0% 0%
Lipase
Grade 2 1.6-3.0 x ULN 7% 5%
Grade 3 3.1-5.0 × ULN 2% 1%
Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN 2% 1%
Creatine kinase
Grade 2 6.0-9.9 × ULN 4% 5%
Grade 3 10.0-19.9 × ULN 3% 3%
Grade 4 ≥20.0 × ULN 3% 2%

Lipids, Change from Baseline

Changes from baseline in fasting lipids are shown in Table 8.

Table 8: Lipid Values, Mean Change from Baseline, STARTMRK Study
Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily + Emtricitabine (+) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate N = 207 Efavirenz 600 mg At Bedtime + Emtricitabine (+) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate N = 187
Change from Baseline at Week 240 Change from Baseline at Week 240
Baseline Mean Week 240 Mean Mean Change Baseline Mean Week 240 Mean Mean Change
(mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL) (mg/dL)
Notes: N = total number of subjects per treatment group with at least one lipid test result available. The analysis is based on all available data. If subjects initiated or increased serum lipid-reducing agents, the last available lipid values prior to the change in therapy were used in the analysis. If the missing data was due to other reasons, subjects were censored thereafter for the analysis. At baseline, serum lipid-reducing agents were used in 5% of subjects in the group receiving ISENTRESS and 3% in the efavirenz group. Through Week 240, serum lipid-reducing agents were used in 9% of subjects in the group receiving ISENTRESS and 15% in the efavirenz group.
*
Fasting (non-random) laboratory tests at Week 240.
LDL-Cholesterol * 96 106 10 93 118 25
HDL-Cholesterol * 38 44 6 38 51 13
Total Cholesterol * 159 175 16 157 201 44
Triglyceride * 128 130 2 141 178 37

Treatment-Experienced Adults

The safety assessment of ISENTRESS in treatment-experienced subjects is based on the pooled safety data from the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2 in antiretroviral treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected adult subjects. A total of 462 subjects received the recommended dose of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily in combination with optimized background therapy (OBT) compared to 237 subjects taking placebo in combination with OBT. The median duration of therapy in these trials was 96 weeks for subjects receiving ISENTRESS and 38 weeks for subjects receiving placebo. The total exposure to ISENTRESS was 708 patient-years versus 244 patient-years on placebo. The rates of discontinuation due to adverse events were 4% in subjects receiving ISENTRESS and 5% in subjects receiving placebo.

Clinical ADRs were considered by investigators to be causally related to ISENTRESS + OBT or placebo + OBT. Clinical ADRs of moderate to severe intensity occurring in ≥2% of subjects treated with ISENTRESS and occurring at a higher rate compared to placebo are presented in Table 9.

Table 9: Adverse Drug Reactions * of Moderate to Severe Intensity Occurring in ≥2% of Treatment-Experienced Adult Subjects Receiving ISENTRESS and at a Higher Rate Compared to Placebo (96 Week Analysis)
System Organ Class, Adverse Reactions Randomized Studies BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2
ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily + OBT (n = 462) Placebo + OBT (n = 237)
Nervous System Disorders
n=total number of subjects per treatment group.
*
Includes adverse reactions at least possibly, probably, or definitely related to the drug.
Intensities are defined as follows: Moderate (discomfort enough to cause interference with usual activity); Severe (incapacitating with inability to work or do usual activity).
Headache 2% <1%

Laboratory Abnormalities

The percentages of adult subjects treated with ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily or placebo in Studies BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2 with selected Grade 2 to 4 laboratory abnormalities representing a worsening Grade from baseline are presented in Table 10.

Table 10: Selected Grade 2 to 4 Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in Treatment-Experienced Subjects (96 Week Analysis)
Randomized Studies BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2
Laboratory Parameter Preferred Term (Unit) Limit ISENTRESS 400 mg Twice Daily + OBT (N = 462) Placebo + OBT (N = 237)
ULN = Upper limit of normal range
Hematology
Absolute neutrophil count (10 3 /µL)
Grade 2 0.75 — 0.999 4% 5%
Grade 3 0.50 — 0.749 3% 3%
Grade 4 <0.50 1% <1%
Hemoglobin (gm/dL)
Grade 2 7.5 — 8.4 1% 3%
Grade 3 6.5 — 7.4 1% 1%
Grade 4 <6.5 <1% 0%
Platelet count (10 3 /µL)
Grade 2 50 — 99.999 3% 5%
Grade 3 25 — 49.999 1% <1%
Grade 4 <25 1% <1%
Blood chemistry
Fasting (non-random) serum glucose test (mg/dL)
Grade 2 126 — 250 10% 7%
Grade 3 251 — 500 3% 1%
Grade 4 >500 0% 0%
Total serum bilirubin
Grade 2 1.6 — 2.5 × ULN 6% 3%
Grade 3 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 3% 3%
Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN 1% 0%
Serum aspartate aminotransferase
Grade 2 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 9% 7%
Grade 3 5.1 — 10.0 × ULN 4% 3%
Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% 1%
Serum alanine aminotransferase
Grade 2 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 9% 9%
Grade 3 5.1 — 10.0 × ULN 4% 2%
Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% 2%
Serum alkaline phosphatase
Grade 2 2.6 — 5.0 × ULN 2% <1%
Grade 3 5.1 — 10.0 × ULN <1% 1%
Grade 4 >10.0 × ULN 1% <1%
Serum pancreatic amylase test
Grade 2 1.6 — 2.0 × ULN 2% 1%
Grade 3 2.1 — 5.0 × ULN 4% 3%
Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN <1% <1%
Serum lipase test
Grade 2 1.6 — 3.0 × ULN 5% 4%
Grade 3 3.1 — 5.0 × ULN 2% 1%
Grade 4 >5.0 × ULN 0% 0%
Serum creatine kinase
Grade 2 6.0 — 9.9 × ULN 2% 2%
Grade 3 10.0 — 19.9 × ULN 4% 3%
Grade 4 ≥20.0 × ULN 3% 1%

Less Common Adverse Reactions Observed in Treatment-Naïve and Treatment-Experienced Studies

The following ADRs occurred in <2% of treatment-naïve or treatment-experienced subjects receiving ISENTRESS or ISENTRESS HD in a combination regimen. These events have been included because of their seriousness, increased frequency compared with efavirenz or placebo, or investigator’s assessment of potential causal relationship.

Gastrointestinal Disorders: abdominal pain, gastritis, dyspepsia, vomiting

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: asthenia

Hepatobiliary Disorders: hepatitis

Immune System Disorders: hypersensitivity

Infections and Infestations: genital herpes, herpes zoster

Psychiatric Disorders: depression (particularly in subjects with a pre-existing history of psychiatric illness), including suicidal ideation and behaviors

Renal and Urinary Disorders: nephrolithiasis, renal failure

Selected Adverse Events — Adults

In studies of ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, cancers were reported in treatment-experienced subjects who initiated ISENTRESS or placebo, both with OBT, and in treatment-naïve subjects who initiated ISENTRESS or efavirenz, both with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate; several were recurrent. The types and rates of specific cancers were those expected in a highly immunodeficient population (many had CD4+ counts below 50 cells/mm 3 and most had prior AIDS diagnoses). The risk of developing cancer in these studies was similar in the group receiving ISENTRESS and the group receiving the comparator.

Grade 2-4 creatine kinase laboratory abnormalities were observed in subjects treated with ISENTRESS and ISENTRESS HD (see Tables 6 and 8). Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis have been reported with ISENTRESS. Use with caution in patients at increased risk of myopathy or rhabdomyolysis, such as patients receiving concomitant medications known to cause these conditions and patients with a history of rhabdomyolysis, myopathy or increased serum creatine kinase.

Rash occurred more commonly in treatment-experienced subjects receiving regimens containing ISENTRESS + darunavir/ritonavir compared to subjects receiving ISENTRESS without darunavir/ritonavir or darunavir/ritonavir without ISENTRESS. However, rash that was considered drug related occurred at similar rates for all three groups. These rashes were mild to moderate in severity and did not limit therapy; there were no discontinuations due to rash.

Patients with Co-existing Conditions — Adults

Patients Co-infected with Hepatitis B and/or Hepatitis C Virus

In Phase III studies of ISENTRESS, patients with chronic (but not acute) active hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection were permitted to enroll provided that baseline liver function tests did not exceed 5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). In the treatment-experienced studies, BENCHMRK 1 and BENCHMRK 2, 16% of all patients (114/699) were co-infected; in the treatment-naïve studies, STARTMRK and ONCEMRK, 6% (34/563) and 3% (23/797), respectively, were co-infected. In general the safety profile of ISENTRESS in subjects with hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection was similar to that in subjects without hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection, although the rates of AST and ALT abnormalities were higher in the subgroup with hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C virus co-infection for all treatment groups.

At 96 weeks, in treatment-experienced subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 29%, 34% and 13%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS as compared to 11%, 10% and 9% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS. At 240 weeks, in treatment-naïve subjects receiving ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 22%, 44% and 17%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS as compared to 13%, 13% and 5% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS.

At 96 weeks, in treatment-naïve subjects receiving ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 × 600 mg) once daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 27%, 40% and 13%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily as compared to 7%, 5% and 3% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily.

Pediatrics

2 to 18 Years of Age

ISENTRESS has been studied in 126 antiretroviral treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected children and adolescents 2 to 18 years of age, in combination with other antiretroviral agents in IMPAACT P1066 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Studies (14.4)] . Of the 126 patients, 96 received the recommended dose of ISENTRESS.

In these 96 children and adolescents, frequency, type and severity of drug related adverse reactions through Week 24 were comparable to those observed in adults.

One patient experienced drug related clinical adverse reactions of Grade 3 psychomotor hyperactivity, abnormal behavior and insomnia; one patient experienced a Grade 2 serious drug related allergic rash.

One patient experienced drug related laboratory abnormalities, Grade 4 AST and Grade 3 ALT, which were considered serious.

4 Weeks to Less than 2 Years of Age

ISENTRESS has also been studied in 26 HIV-1 infected infants and toddlers 4 weeks to less than 2 years of age, in combination with other antiretroviral agents in IMPAACT P1066 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Studies (14.4)] .

In these 26 infants and toddlers, the frequency, type and severity of drug-related adverse reactions through Week 48 were comparable to those observed in adults.

One patient experienced a Grade 3 serious drug-related allergic rash that resulted in treatment discontinuation.

HIV-1 Exposed Neonates

Forty-two neonates were treated with ISENTRESS for up to 6 weeks from birth, and followed for a total of 24 weeks in IMPAACT P1110 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)]. There were no drug related clinical adverse reactions and three drug-related laboratory adverse reactions (one case of transient Grade 4 neutropenia in a subject receiving zidovudine-containing regimen for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT), and two bilirubin elevations (one each, Grade 1 and Grade 2) considered non-serious and not requiring specific therapy). The safety profile in neonates was generally similar to that observed in older patients treated with ISENTRESS. No clinically meaningful differences in the adverse event profile of neonates were observed when compared to adults.

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