KERYDIN- tavaborole solution
Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Inc
KERYDIN (tavaborole) topical solution, 5% is an oxaborole antifungal indicated for the treatment of onychomycosis of the toenails due to Trichophyton rubrum or Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
Apply KERYDIN to affected toenails once daily for 48 weeks.
KERYDIN should be applied to the entire toenail surface and under the tip of each toenail being treated.
KERYDIN is for topical use only and not for oral, ophthalmic, or intravaginal use.
KERYDIN topical solution, 5% is a clear, colorless alcohol-based solution. Each milliliter of solution contains 43.5 mg (5% w/w) of tavaborole.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
In two clinical trials, 791 subjects were treated with KERYDIN. The most commonly reported adverse reactions are listed below (Table 1).
|Preferred Term||KERYDINN=791 n(%)||VehicleN=395 n(%)|
|Application site exfoliation||21 (2.7%)||1 (0.3%)|
|Ingrown toenail||20 (2.5%)||1 (0.3%)|
|Application site erythema||13 (1.6%)||0 (0%)|
|Application site dermatitis||10 (1.3%)||0 (0%)|
A cumulative irritancy study revealed the potential for KERYDIN to cause skin irritation. There was no evidence that KERYDIN causes contact sensitization.
In vitro studies have shown that tavaborole, at therapeutic concentrations, neither inhibits nor induces cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes.
Pregnancy Category C
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with KERYDIN in pregnant women. KERYDIN should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Systemic embryofetal development studies were conducted in rats and rabbits and a dermal embryofetal development study was conducted in rabbits.
In an oral embryofetal development study in rats, oral doses of 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg/day tavaborole were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6-19) to pregnant female rats. In the presence of maternal toxicity, embryofetal toxicity (increased embryofetal resorption and/or deaths) and drug-related skeletal malformations and variations suggestive of delayed development (i.e., a delay in ossification) were noted in fetuses at 300 mg/kg/day tavaborole [570 times the Maximum Recommended Human Dose (MRHD) based on Area Under the Curve (AUC) comparisons]. No developmental toxicity was noted in rats at 100 mg/kg/day tavaborole (26 times the MRHD based on AUC comparisons).
In an oral embryofetal development study in rabbits, oral doses of 15, 50, and 150 mg/kg/day tavaborole were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 7-19) to pregnant female rabbits. In the presence of maternal toxicity, excessive embryofetal mortality due to post-implantation loss was noted at 150 mg/kg/day tavaborole. No drug related malformations were noted in rabbits at 150 mg/kg/day tavaborole (155 times the MRHD based on AUC comparisons). No embryofetal mortality was noted in rabbits at 50 mg/kg/day tavaborole (16 times the MRHD based on AUC comparisons).
In a dermal embryofetal development study in rabbits, topical doses of 1%, 5%, and 10% tavaborole solution were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6-28) to pregnant female rabbits. A dose dependent increase in dermal irritation at the treatment site was noted at 5% and 10% tavaborole solution. A decrease in fetal bodyweight was noted at 10% tavaborole solution. No drug related malformations were noted in rabbits at 10% tavaborole solution (36 times the MRHD based on AUC comparisons). No embryofetal toxicity was noted in rabbits at 5% tavaborole solution (26 times the MRHD based on AUC comparisons).
In an oral pre- and post-natal development study in rats, oral doses of 15, 60, and 100 mg/kg/day tavaborole were administered from the beginning of organogenesis (gestation day 6) through the end of lactation (lactation day 20). In the presence of minimal maternal toxicity, no embryofetal toxicity or effects on postnatal development were noted at 100 mg/kg/day (29 times the MRHD based on AUC comparisons).
It is not known whether tavaborole is excreted in human milk following topical application of KERYDIN. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when KERYDIN is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
In clinical trials of 791 subjects who were exposed to KERYDIN, 19% were 65 years of age and over, while 4% were 75 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.
KERYDIN (tavaborole) topical solution, 5% contains tavaborole, 5% (w/w) in a clear, colorless alcohol-based solution for topical use. The active ingredient, tavaborole, is an oxaborole antifungal with the chemical name of 5-fluoro-1,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborole. The chemical formula is C7 H6 BFO2 , the molecular weight is 151.93 and the structural formula is:
Tavaborole is a white to off-white powder. It is slightly soluble in water and freely soluble in ethanol and propylene glycol.
Each mL of KERYDIN contains 43.5 mg of tavaborole. Inactive ingredients include alcohol, edetate calcium disodium, and propylene glycol.
KERYDIN is an oxaborole antifungal [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.4) ].
At therapeutic doses, KERYDIN is not expected to prolong QTc to any clinically relevant extent.
Tavaborole undergoes extensive metabolism. Renal excretion is the major route of elimination.
In a clinical pharmacology trial of six healthy adult male volunteers who received a single topical application of 5% 14 C-tavaborole solution, tavaborole conjugates and metabolites were shown to be excreted primarily in the urine.
The pharmacokinetics of tavaborole was investigated in 24 subjects with distal subungual onychomycosis involving at least 4 toenails (including at least 1 great toenail) following a single dose and a 2-week daily topical application of 200 μL of a 5% solution of tavaborole to all ten toenails and 2 mm of skin surrounding each toenail. Steady state was achieved after 14 days of dosing. After a single dose, the mean (± standard deviation) peak concentration (Cmax ) of tavaborole was 3.54 ± 2.26 ng/mL (n=21 with measurable concentrations, range 0.618-10.2 ng/mL, LLOQ=0.5 ng/mL), and the mean AUClast was 44.4 ± 25.5 ng*hr/mL (n=21). After 2 weeks of daily dosing, the mean Cmax was 5.17 ± 3.47 ng/mL (n=24, range 1.51-12.8 ng/mL), and the mean AUCτ was 75.8 ± 44.5 ng*hr/mL.
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