In addition, other adverse effects not listed above have been reported with other beta-adrenergic blocking agents.
Central Nervous System
Reversible mental depression progressing to catatonia, an acute reversible syndrome characterized by disorientation for time and place, short-term memory loss, emotional lability, slightly clouded sensorium, and decreased performance on psychometrics.
Intensification of A-V block [see Contraindications] .
Fever combined with aching and sore throat, laryngospasm, respiratory distress.
Agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenic or nonthrombocytopenic purpura.
Mesenteric artery thrombosis, ischemic colitis.
The oculomucocutaneous syndrome associated with the beta-blocker practolol has not been reported with labetalol hydrochloride.
There have been reversible increases of serum transaminases in 4% of patients treated with labetalol hydrochloride and tested and, more rarely, reversible increases in blood urea.
Overdosage with labetalol hydrochloride causes excessive hypotension that is posture sensitive and, sometimes, excessive bradycardia. Patients should be placed supine and their legs raised, if necessary, to improve the blood supply to the brain. If overdosage with labetalol hydrochloride follows oral ingestion, gastric lavage or pharmacologically induced emesis (using syrup of ipecac) may be useful for removal of the drug shortly after ingestion. The following additional measures should be employed if necessary:
Administer atropine or epinephrine.
Administer a digitalis glycoside and a diuretic. Dopamine or dobutamine may also be useful.
Administer vasopressors, e.g., norepinephrine. There is pharmacologic evidence that norepinephrine may be the drug of choice.
Administer epinephrine and/or an aerosolized beta 2 -agonist.
In severe beta-blocker overdose resulting in hypotension and/or bradycardia, glucagon has been shown to be effective when administered in large doses (5 mg to 10 mg rapidly over 30 seconds, followed by continuous infusion of 5 mg per hour that can be reduced as the patient improves).
Neither hemodialysis nor peritoneal dialysis removes a significant amount of labetalol hydrochloride from the general circulation (less than 1%).
The oral LD 50 value of labetalol hydrochloride in the mouse is approximately 600 mg/kg and in the rat is greater than 2 g/kg. The intravenous LD 50 in these species is 50 mg/kg to 60 mg/kg.
DOSAGE MUST BE INDIVIDUALIZED. The recommended initial dosage is 100 mg twice daily whether used alone or added to a diuretic regimen. After 2 or 3 days, using standing blood pressure as an indicator, dosage may be titrated in increments of 100 mg b.i.d. (twice daily) every 2 or 3 days. The usual maintenance dosage of labetalol hydrochloride tablets is between 200 mg and 400 mg twice daily.
Since the full antihypertensive effect of labetalol hydrochloride tablets is usually seen within the first 1 to 3 hours of the initial dose or dose increment, the assurance of a lack of an exaggerated hypotensive response can be clinically established in the office setting. The antihypertensive effects of continued dosing can be measured at subsequent visits, approximately 12 hours after a dose, to determine whether further titration is necessary.
Patients with severe hypertension may require from 1200 mg to 2400 mg per day, with or without thiazide diuretics. Should side effects (principally nausea or dizziness) occur with these doses administered b.i.d.(twice daily), the same total daily dose administered t.i.d. (three times daily) may improve tolerability and facilitate further titration. Titration increments should not exceed 200 mg b.i.d. (twice daily).
When a diuretic is added, an additive antihypertensive effect can be expected. In some cases this may necessitate a labetalol hydrochloride tablet dosage adjustment. As with most antihypertensive drugs, optimal dosages of labetalol hydrochloride tablets are usually lower in patients also receiving a diuretic.
When transferring patients from other antihypertensive drugs, labetalol hydrochloride tablets should be introduced as recommended and the dosage of the existing therapy progressively decreased.
As in the general patient population, labetalol therapy may be initiated at 100 mg twice daily and titrated upwards in increments of 100 mg b.i.d. (twice daily) as required for control of blood pressure. Since some elderly patients eliminate labetalol more slowly, however, adequate control of blood pressure may be achieved at a lower maintenance dosage compared to the general population. The majority of elderly patients will require between 100 mg and 200 mg b.i.d. (twice daily).
Labetalol Hydrochloride Tablets, USP, for oral administration, are available as
Round, white, film-coated tablets, debossed “ E” over “ 10” on one side and bisected on the other side and supplied as:
NDC 60760-610-90 BOTTLES OF 90
Labetalol Hydrochloride Tablets, USP should be stored at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP with a child-resistant closure as required.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Sandoz Inc. at 1-800-525-8747 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Princeton, NJ 08540
Rev. October 2016
| LABETALOL HCL |
labetalol hcl tablet, film coated
|Labeler — St. Mary’s Medical Park Pharmacy (063050751)|
|St. Mary’s Medical Park Pharmacy||063050751||relabel (60760-610), repack (60760-610)|
Revised: 04/2019 St. Mary’s Medical Park Pharmacy
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