LATISSE — bimatoprost
LATISSE ® (bimatoprost ophthalmic solution) 0.03% is indicated to treat hypotrichosis of the eyelashes by increasing their growth including length, thickness and darkness.
Ensure the face is clean, makeup and contact lenses are removed. Once nightly, place one drop of LATISSE ® (bimatoprost ophthalmic solution) 0.03% on the disposable sterile applicator supplied with the package and apply evenly along the skin of the upper eyelid margin at the base of the eyelashes. The upper lid margin in the area of lash growth should feel lightly moist without runoff. Blot any excess solution runoff outside the upper eyelid margin with a tissue or other absorbent cloth. Dispose of the applicator after one use. Repeat for the opposite eyelid margin using a new sterile applicator.
Do not reuse applicators and do not use any other brush/applicator to apply LATISSE ® .
Additional applications of LATISSE ® will not increase the growth of eyelashes.
Upon discontinuation of treatment, eyelash growth is expected to return to its pre-treatment level.
Bimatoprost ophthalmic solution 0.3 mg/mL.
LATISSE ® is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to bimatoprost or to any of the ingredients [see Adverse Reactions (6.2) ].
Bimatoprost ophthalmic solution (LUMIGAN ® ) lowers intraocular pressure (IOP) when instilled directly to the eye in patients with elevated IOP. In clinical trials, in patients with or without elevated IOP, LATISSE ® lowered IOP, however, the magnitude of the reduction was not cause for clinical concern.
In ocular hypertension studies with LUMIGAN ® , it has been shown that exposure of the eye to more than one dose of bimatoprost daily may decrease the intraocular pressure lowering effect. In patients using LUMIGAN ® or other prostaglandin analogs for the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure, the concomitant use of LATISSE ® may interfere with the desired reduction in IOP. Patients using prostaglandin analogs including LUMIGAN ® for IOP reduction should only use LATISSE ® after consulting with their physician and should be monitored for changes to their intraocular pressure [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
Increased iris pigmentation has occurred when bimatoprost solution was administered. Patients should be advised about the potential for increased brown iris pigmentation which is likely to be permanent [see Adverse Reactions (6.2) and Patient Counseling Information (17)].
The pigmentation change is due to increased melanin content in the melanocytes rather than to an increase in the number of melanocytes. The long term effects of increased pigmentation are not known. Iris color changes seen with administration of bimatoprost ophthalmic solution may not be noticeable for several months to years. Typically, the brown pigmentation around the pupil spreads concentrically towards the periphery of the iris and the entire iris or parts of the iris become more brownish. Neither nevi nor freckles of the iris appear to be affected by treatment. Treatment with LATISSE ® solution can be continued in patients who develop noticeably increased iris pigmentation.
Bimatoprost has been reported to cause pigment changes (darkening) to periorbital pigmented tissues and eyelashes. The pigmentation is expected to increase as long as bimatoprost is administered, but has been reported to be reversible upon discontinuation of bimatoprost in most patients [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
There is the potential for hair growth to occur in areas where LATISSE ® solution comes in repeated contact with the skin surface. It is important to apply LATISSE ® only to the skin of the upper eyelid margin at the base of the eyelashes using the accompanying sterile applicators, and to carefully blot any excess LATISSE ® from the eyelid margin to avoid it running onto the cheek or other skin areas [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
LATISSE ® solution should be used with caution in patients with active intraocular inflammation (e.g., uveitis) because the inflammation may be exacerbated.
Macular edema, including cystoid macular edema, has been reported during treatment with bimatoprost ophthalmic solution (LUMIGAN ® ) for elevated IOP. LATISSE ® should be used with caution in aphakic patients, in pseudophakic patients with a torn posterior lens capsule, or in patients with known risk factors for macular edema.
The LATISSE ® bottle must be kept intact during use. It is important to use LATISSE ® solution as instructed, by placing one drop on the single-use-per-eye applicator. The bottle tip should not be allowed to contact any other surface since it could become contaminated. The accompanying sterile applicators should only be used on one eye and then discarded since reuse of applicators increases the potential for contamination and infections. There have been reports of bacterial keratitis associated with the use of multiple-dose containers of topical ophthalmic products [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
LATISSE ® contains benzalkonium chloride, which may be absorbed by and cause discoloration of soft contact lenses. Contact lenses should be removed prior to application of solution and may be reinserted 15 minutes following its administration [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
The following adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:
- Effects on Intraocular Pressure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) ]
- Iris Pigmentation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2) ]
- Lid Pigmentation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ]
- Hair Growth Outside the Treatment Area [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) ]
- Intraocular Inflammation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) ]
- Macular Edema [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6) ]
- Hypersensitivity [see Contraindications (4) ]
The following information is based on clinical trial results from a multicenter, double-masked, randomized, vehicle-controlled, parallel study including 278 adult patients for four months of treatment.
The most frequently reported adverse reactions were eye pruritus, conjunctival hyperemia, skin hyperpigmentation, ocular irritation, dry eye symptoms, and periorbital erythema. These reactions occurred in less than 4% of patients. Additional adverse reactions seen in clinical trials experience include foreign body sensation, hair growth abnormal, and iris hyperpigmentation.
Additional adverse reactions reported with bimatoprost ophthalmic solution (LUMIGAN ® ) for the reduction of intraocular pressure include, ocular dryness, visual disturbance, ocular burning, eye pain, blepharitis, cataract, superficial punctate keratitis, eye discharge, tearing, photophobia, allergic conjunctivitis, asthenopia, conjunctival edema, iritis, infections (primarily colds and upper respiratory tract infections), headaches, and asthenia.
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