Levetiracetam

LEVETIRACETAM- levetiracetam tablet, extended release
BluePoint Laboratories

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Levetiracetam extended-release tablet is indicated for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in patients 12 years of age and older.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosing

For adults and adolescent patients, the recommended dosing for monotherapy and adjunctive therapy is the same; as outlined below.

Adults and Adolescents 12 Years of Age and Older Weighing 50 kg or More

Initiate treatment with a dose of 1000 mg once daily. The once daily dosage may be adjusted in increments of 1000 mg every 2 weeks to a maximum recommended daily dose of 3000 mg/day.

Administration

Levetiracetam extended-release tablets are administered once daily. Levetiracetam extended-release tablets should be swallowed whole. The tablets should not be chewed, broken, or crushed.

2.2 Dosage Adjustment in Adult Patients with Renal Impairment

Levetiracetam extended-release tablets dosing must be individualized according to the patient’s renal function status. Recommended dosage adjustments for adults are shown in Table 1. In order to calculate the dose recommended for patients with renal impairment, creatinine clearance adjusted for body surface area must be calculated. To do this, an estimate of the patient’s creatinine clearance (CLcr ) in mL/min must first be calculated using the following formula:

[140-age (years)] x weight (kg)

CLcr = —————————————- x (0.85 for female patients)

72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

Then CLcr is adjusted for body surface area (BSA) as follows:

CLcr (mL/min)

CLcr (mL/min/1.73 m 2) = ———————- x 1.73

BSA subject (m2)

Table 1: Dosage Adjustment Regimen for Adult Patients with Renal Impairment
Group Creatinine Clearance (mL/min/1.73m2) Dosage (mg) Frequency

Normal

> 80

1000 to 3000

Every 24 hours

Mild

50 to 80

1000 to 2000

Every 24 hours

Moderate

30 to 50

500 to 1500

Every 24 hours

Severe

< 30

500 to 1000

Every 24 hours

2.3 Discontinuation of Levetiracetam Extended-Release Tablets

Avoid abrupt withdrawal from levetiracetam extended-release tablets in order to reduce the risk of increased seizure frequency and status epilepticus [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.7)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Levetiracetam extended-release tablets USP, 500 mg are white to off white, oblong-shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets, imprinted ‘L008′ (in black ink) on one side and plain on the other side.

Levetiracetam extended-release tablets USP, 750 mg are white to off white, oblong-shaped, biconvex, film coated tablets, imprinted ‘L009′ (in black ink) on one side and plain on the other side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Levetiracetam extended-release tablet is contraindicated in patients with a hypersensitivity to levetiracetam. Reactions have included anaphylaxis and angioedema [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS (5.4)]

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Behavioral Abnormalities and Psychotic Symptoms

Extended-release levetiracetam tablets may cause behavioral abnormalities and psychotic symptoms. Patients treated with extended-release levetiracetam tablets should be monitored for psychiatric signs and symptoms.

Behavioral abnormalities

Extended-Release Levetiracetam Tablets:

A total of 7% of extended-release levetiracetam tablet-treated patients experienced non-psychotic behavioral disorders (reported as irritability and aggression) compared to 0% of placebo-treated patients. Irritability was reported in 7% of extended-release levetiracetam tablet-treated patients. Aggression was reported in 1% of extended-release levetiracetam tablet-treated patients.

No patient discontinued treatment or had a dose reduction as a result of these adverse reactions.

The number of patients exposed to extended-release levetiracetam tablets was considerably smaller than the number of patients exposed to immediate-release levetiracetam tablets in controlled trials. Therefore, certain adverse reactions observed in the immediate-release levetiracetam controlled trials will likely occur in patients receiving extended-release levetiracetam tablets.

Immediate-Release Levetiracetam Tablets:

A total of 13% of adult patients and 38% of pediatric patients (4 to 16 years of age) treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets experienced non-psychotic behavioral symptoms (reported as aggression, agitation, anger, anxiety, apathy, depersonalization, depression, emotional lability, hostility, hyperkinesias, irritability, nervousness, neurosis, and personality disorder), compared to 6% and 19% of adult and pediatric patients on placebo. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to assess the neurocognitive and behavioral effects of immediate-release levetiracetam tablets as adjunctive therapy in pediatric patients (4 to 16 years of age). An exploratory analysis suggested a worsening in aggressive behavior in patients treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets in that study [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS ( 8.4)].

A total of 1.7% of adult patients treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets discontinued treatment due to behavioral adverse reactions, compared to 0.2% of placebo-treated patients. The treatment dose was reduced in 0.8% of adult patients treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets, compared to 0.5% of placebo-treated patients. Overall, 11% of pediatric patients treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets experienced behavioral symptoms associated with discontinuation or dose reduction, compared to 6.2% of placebo-treated pediatric patients.

One percent of adult patients and 2% of pediatric patients (4 to 16 years of age) treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets experienced psychotic symptoms, compared to 0.2% and 2%, respectively, in adult and placebo-treated pediatric patients. In the controlled study that assessed the neurocognitive and behavioral effects of immediate-release levetiracetam tablets in pediatric patients 4 to 16 years of age, 1.6% levetiracetam tablets-treated patients experienced paranoia, compared to no placebo-treated patients. There were 3.1% patients treated with immediate-release levetiracetam tablets who experienced confusional state, compared to no placebo-treated patients [see USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS ( 8.4) ].

Psychotic symptoms

Immediate-Release Levetiracetam Tablets :

One percent of levetiracetam tablets-treated adult patients experienced psychotic symptoms compared to 0.2% of placebo-treated patients.

Two (0.3%) levetiracetam tablets-treated adult patients were hospitalized and their treatment was discontinued due to psychosis. Both events, reported as psychosis, developed within the first week of treatment and resolved within 1 to 2 weeks following treatment discontinuation. There was no difference between drug and placebo-treated patients in the incidence of pediatric patients who discontinued treatment due to psychotic and non-psychotic adverse reactions.

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