Mesalamine

MESALAMINE- mesalamine capsule, extended release
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Mesalamine extended-release capsules are indicated for the maintenance of remission of ulcerative colitis in adults.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Dosage

The recommended dosage in adults is 1.5 g (four 0.375 g capsules) orally once daily in the morning.

Administration Instructions

Evaluate renal function before initiating therapy with mesalamine extended-release capsules [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
Swallow mesalamine extended-release capsules whole. Do not cut, break, crush or chew the capsules.
Avoid co-administration of mesalamine extended-release capsules with antacids [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].
Drink an adequate amount of fluids [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
Take mesalamine extended-release capsules without regard to meals [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Extended-release capsules: 0.375 g mesalamine in a light blue opaque gelatin capsule with the letters “G” and “M” imprinted on either side of a black band.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Mesalamine extended-release capsules are contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to salicylates or aminosalicylates or to any of the components of mesalamine extended-release capsules [see Warnings and Precautions(5.3), Adverse Reactions (6.2), Description (11)].

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Renal Impairment

Renal impairment, including minimal change disease, acute and chronic interstitial nephritis, and renal failure, has been reported in patients given products such as mesalamine extended-release capsules that contain mesalamine or are converted to mesalamine. In animal studies, the kidney was the principal organ of mesalamine toxicity [see Adverse Reactions (6.2), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)].

Evaluate renal function prior to initiation of mesalamine extended-release capsules therapy and periodically while on therapy. Evaluate the risks and benefits of using mesalamine extended-release capsules in patients with known renal impairment or a history of renal disease or taking concomitant nephrotoxic drugs [see Drug Interactions (7.2), Use inSpecific Populations (8.6)].

5.2 Mesalamine-Induced Acute Intolerance Syndrome

Mesalamine extended-release capsules have been associated with an acute intolerance syndrome that may be difficult to distinguish from an exacerbation of ulcerative colitis. Although the exact frequency of occurrence has not been determined, it has occurred in 3% of patients in controlled clinical trials of mesalamine or sulfasalazine. Symptoms include cramping, acute abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea, sometimes fever, headache, and rash. Monitor patients for worsening of these symptoms while on treatment. If acute intolerance syndrome is suspected, promptly discontinue treatment with mesalamine extended-release capsules.

5.3 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Some patients have experienced a hypersensitivity reaction to sulfasalazine. Some patients may have a similar reaction to mesalamine extended-release capsules or to other compounds that contain or are converted to mesalamine.

As with sulfasalazine, mesalamine-induced hypersensitivity reactions may present as internal organ involvement, including myocarditis, pericarditis, nephritis, hepatitis, pneumonitis and hematologic abnormalities. Evaluate patients immediately if signs or symptoms of a hypersensitivity reaction are present. Discontinue mesalamine extended-release capsules if an alternative etiology for the signs and symptoms cannot be established.

5.4 Hepatic Failure

There have been reports of hepatic failure in patients with pre-existing liver disease who have been administered mesalamine. Evaluate the risks and benefits of using mesalamine extended-release capsules in patients with known liver impairment.

5.5 Photosensitivity

Patients with pre-existing skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis and atopic eczema have reported more severe photosensitivity reactions. Advise patients to avoid sun exposure, wear protective clothing, and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen when outdoors.

5.6 Nephrolithiasis

Cases of nephrolithiasis have been reported with the use of mesalamine, including stones with 100% mesalamine content. Mesalamine-containing stones are radiotransparent and undetectable by standard radiography or computed tomography (CT). Ensure adequate fluid intake during treatment with mesalamine extended-release capsules.

5.7 Risks in Patients with Phenylketonuria

Phenylalanine can be harmful to patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). Mesalamine extended-release capsules contain phenylalanine, a component of aspartame. Each mesalamine 0.375 g capsule contains 0.56 mg of phenylalanine. Before prescribing mesalamine extended-release capsules to a patient with PKU, consider the combined daily amount of phenylalanine from all sources, including mesalamine extended-release capsules.

5.8 Interference with Laboratory Tests

Use of mesalamine extended-release capsules may lead to spuriously elevated test results when measuring urinary normetanephrine by liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection because of the similarity in the chromatograms of normetanephrine and the main metabolite of mesalamine, N-acetyl-5-aminosalicylic acid (N-Ac-5-ASA). Consider an alternative, selective assay for normetanephrine.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in labeling:

Renal Impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
Mesalamine-Induced Acute Intolerance Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
Hepatic Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
Photosensitivity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
Nephrolithiasis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]
Risks in Patients with Phenylketonuria [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data described below reflect exposure to mesalamine extended-release capsules in 557 patients, including 354 exposed for at least 6 months and 250 exposed for greater than one year. Mesalamine extended-release capsules were studied in two placebo-controlled trials (n=367 treated with mesalamine extended-release capsules) and in one open-label, long-term study (n=190 additional patients). The population consisted of patients with ulcerative colitis; the mean age was 47 years, 54% were female, and 93% were white. Patients received doses of mesalamine extended-release capsules 1.5 g administered orally once per day for six months in the placebo-controlled trials and for up to 24 months in the open‑label study.

In the two placebo-controlled trials, the most common reactions reported in at least 3% of mesalamine extended-release capsules-treated patients and at a greater rate than placebo are shown in Table 1 below.

Table 1: Common Adverse Reactions * in Clinical Trials of Adults with Ulcerative Colitis
Mesalamine
Extended-Release Capsules
1.5 g once daily
N=367
Placebo
N=185
*
Reported in at least 3% of mesalamine extended-release capsules-treated patients and at a greater rate than with placebo

Headache

11%

8%

Diarrhea

8%

7%

Upper Abdominal Pain

5%

3%

Nausea

4%

3%

Nasopharyngitis

4%

3%

The following adverse reactions, presented by body system, were reported at a frequency less than 3% in patients treated with mesalamine extended-release capsules for up to 24 months in controlled and open-label trials.

Ear and Labyrinth Disorders: tinnitus, vertigo

Dermatological Disorder: alopecia

Gastrointestinal: lower abdominal pain, rectal hemorrhage

Laboratory Abnormalities: increased triglycerides, decreased hematocrit and hemoglobin

General Disorders and Administration Site Disorders: fatigue

Hepatic: hepatitis cholestatic, transaminases increased

Renal Disorders: creatinine clearance decreased, hematuria

Musculoskeletal: pain, arthralgia

Respiratory: dyspnea

All MedLibrary.org resources are included in as near-original form as possible, meaning that the information from the original provider has been rendered here with only typographical or stylistic modifications and not with any substantive alterations of content, meaning or intent.

This site is provided for educational and informational purposes only, in accordance with our Terms of Use, and is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner or other qualified health professional.

Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2021. All Rights Reserved.