MINOLIRA EXTENDED RELEASE- minocycline hydrochloride tablet
EPI Health, Inc
MINOLIRA is indicated to treat the inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older.
Limitations of Use
This formulation of minocycline has not been evaluated in the treatment of infections.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria as well as to maintain the effectiveness of other antibacterial drugs, MINOLIRA should be used only as indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)].
The recommended dosage of MINOLIRA is approximately 1 mg/kg once daily for 12 weeks. Higher doses have not shown to be of additional benefit in the treatment of inflammatory lesions of acne, and may be associated with more acute vestibular side effects. The 105 mg and 135 mg tablets may be split on the score line for dosing of patient weight ranges of 45-59 kg and 60-89 kg, respectively (see Table 1).
|Patient’s Weight (kg)||Daily Dose||Tablet Strength and Size to Administer||Actual Dose (mg/kg)|
|45 – 59||52.5||half of the 105 mg tablet||1.16 –0.88|
|60 – 89||67.5||half of the 135 mg tablet||1.13 – 0.76|
|90 – 125||105||one 105 mg tablet||1.17 – 0.84|
|126 – 136||135||one 135 mg tablet||1.07 – 0.99|
MINOLIRA may be taken with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Ingestion of food along with MINOLIRA may help reduce the risk of esophageal irritation and ulceration. MINOLIRA tablets should not be chewed or crushed.
In patients with renal impairment, the total dosage should be decreased by either reducing the recommended individual doses and/or by extending the time intervals between doses [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].
MINOLIRA extended-release tablets are white to off-white, functionally scored, rectangular tablets with brown or gold color speckles and a single score line on both surfaces. MINOLIRA are available in the following two strengths.
- 105 mg extended-release tablets: ‘M1’debossed on one surface, where ‘M’ and ‘1’ are on either side of the score line. Each tablet contains 105 mg minocycline, equivalent to 113.4 mg of minocycline hydrochloride.
- 135 mg extended-release tablets: ‘M3’ is debossed on one surface, where ‘M’ and ‘3’ are on either side of the score line. Each tablet contains 135 mg minocycline, equivalent to 145.8 mg of minocycline hydrochloride.
MINOLIRA is contraindicated in patients who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines [see Serious Skin/Hypersensitivity Reactions (5.11)].
Avoid MINOLIRA use during pregnancy.
MINOLIRA, like other tetracycline-class drugs, can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. MINOLIRA, like other tetracycline-class drugs, may cause permanent discoloration of the teeth and inhibit bone growth when administered during pregnancy. Based on animal data, tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and can cause skeletal malformation and retardation of skeletal development on the developing fetus. Evidence of embryotoxicity has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy. If MINOLIRA is used during pregnancy, advise the patient of the potential risk to the fetus and discontinue treatment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
The use of tetracycline class drugs during tooth development (second and third trimesters of pregnancy, infancy, and childhood up to the age of 8 years) may cause permanent discoloration of the teeth (yellow-gray-brown). This adverse reaction is more common during long-term use of the tetracycline but has been observed following repeated short-term courses. Enamel hypoplasia has also been reported. Use of tetracycline drugs is not recommended during tooth development.
The safety and effectiveness of MINOLIRA have not been established in pediatric patients less than 12 years of age.
All tetracyclines form a stable calcium complex in any bone-forming tissue. A decrease in fibula growth rate has been observed in premature human infants given oral tetracycline in doses of 25 mg/kg every 6 hours. This reaction was shown to be reversible when the drug was discontinued. The safety and effectiveness of MINOLIRA have not been established in patients less than 12 years of age [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.4)].
Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and can cause retardation of skeletal development on the developing fetus. Evidence of embryotoxicity has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including minocycline, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.
C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents.
If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile , and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.
Post-marketing cases of serious liver injury, including irreversible drug-induced hepatitis and fulminant hepatic failure (sometimes fatal) have been reported with minocycline use in the treatment of acne.
The anti-anabolic action of the tetracyclines may cause an increase in BUN. While this is not a problem in those with normal renal function, in patients with significantly impaired function, higher serum levels of tetracycline-class drugs may lead to azotemia, hyperphosphatemia, and acidosis. If renal impairment exists, even usual oral or parenteral doses may lead to excessive systemic accumulations of the drug and possible liver toxicity. Under such conditions, lower than usual total doses are indicated, and if therapy is prolonged, serum level determinations of the drug may be advisable.
Central nervous system side effects including light-headedness, dizziness or vertigo have been reported with minocycline therapy. Patients who experience these symptoms should be cautioned about driving vehicles or using hazardous machinery while on minocycline therapy. These symptoms may disappear during therapy and usually rapidly disappear when the drug is discontinued.
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