NEXT CHOICE — levonorgestrel tablet
Dispensing Solutions, Inc.
Next ChoiceTM is a progestin-only emergency contraceptive indicated for prevention of pregnancy following unprotected intercourse or a known or suspected contraceptive failure. To obtain optimal efficacy, the first tablet should be taken as soon as possible within 72 hours of intercourse. The second tablet should be taken 12 hours later.
Next ChoiceTM is available only by prescription for women younger than age 17 years, and available over the counter for women 17 years and older.
Next ChoiceTM is not indicated for routine use as a contraceptive.
Take one levonorgestrel tablet orally as soon as possible within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse or a known or suspected contraceptive failure. Efficacy is better if the tablet is taken as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse. The second tablet should be taken 12 hours after the first dose. Next ChoiceTM can be used at any time during the menstrual cycle.
If vomiting occurs within two hours of taking either dose of medication, consideration should be given to repeating the dose.
Each Next ChoiceTM tablet is supplied as a peach, round, bevel edged, flat faced tablet containing 0.75 mg of levonorgestrel and is embossed with “475” on one side and “WATSON” on the other side.
Next ChoiceTM is contraindicated for use in the case of known or suspected pregnancy.
Ectopic pregnancies account for approximately 2% of all reported pregnancies. Up to 10% of pregnancies reported in clinical studies of routine use of progestin-only contraceptives are ectopic.
A history of ectopic pregnancy is not a contraindication to use of this emergency contraceptive method. Healthcare providers, however, should consider the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy in women who become pregnant or complain of lower abdominal pain after taking Next ChoiceTM. A follow-up physical or pelvic examination is recommended if there is any doubt concerning the general health or pregnancy status of any woman after taking Next ChoiceTM.
Next ChoiceTM is not effective in terminating an existing pregnancy.
Some women may experience spotting a few days after taking Next ChoiceTM. Menstrual bleeding patterns are often irregular among women using progestin-only oral contraceptives and women using levonorgestrel for postcoital and emergency contraception. If there is a delay in the onset of expected menses beyond 1 week, consider the possibility of pregnancy.
Next ChoiceTM does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
A physical examination is not required prior to prescribing Next ChoiceTM. A follow-up physical or pelvic examination is recommended if there is any doubt concerning the general health or pregnancy status of any woman after taking Next ChoiceTM.
A rapid return of fertility is likely following treatment with Next ChoiceTM for emergency contraception; therefore, routine contraception should be continued or initiated as soon as possible following use of Next ChoiceTM to ensure ongoing prevention of pregnancy.
Next ChoiceTM contains FD&C Yellow #6 as a color additive.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice. A double-blind, controlled clinical trial in 1,955 evaluable women compared the efficacy and safety of levonorgestrel tablets (one 0.75 mg tablet of levonorgestrel taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse, and one tablet taken 12 hours later) to the Yuzpe regimen (two tablets each containing 0.25 mg levonorgestrel and 0.05 mg ethinyl estradiol, taken within 72 hours of intercourse, and two tablets taken 12 hours later).
The most common adverse events (>10%) in the clinical trial for women receiving levonorgestrel tablets included menstrual changes (26%), nausea (23%), abdominal pain (18%), fatigue (17%), headache (17%), dizziness (11%), and breast tenderness (11%). Table 1 lists those adverse events that were reported in >5% of levonorgestrel tablets users.
|Most Common Adverse Events||Levonorgestrel N=977 (%)|
|Heavier Menstrual Bleeding||13.8|
|Lighter Menstrual Bleeding||12.5|
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Next ChoiceTM. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Abdominal Pain, Nausea, Vomiting
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
Nervous System Disorders
Reproductive System and Breast Disorders
Dysmenorrhea, Irregular Menstruation, Oligomenorrhea, Pelvic Pain
Drugs or herbal products that induce enzymes, including CYP3A4, that metabolize progestins may decrease the plasma concentrations of progestins, and may decrease the effectiveness of progestin-only pills. Some drugs or herbal products that may decrease the effectiveness of progestin-only pills include:
- St. John’s wort
Significant changes (increase or decrease) in the plasma levels of the progestin have been noted in some cases of coadministration with HIV protease inhibitors or with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
Consult the labeling of all concurrently used drugs to obtain further information about interactions with progestin-only pills or the potential for enzyme alterations.
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