The following adverse reactions have been observed in women taking progestins:
- Breakthrough bleeding
- Change in menstrual flow
- Changes in weight (decreases, increases)
- Changes in the cervical squamo-columnar junction and cervical secretions
- Cholestatic jaundice
- Rash (allergic) with and without pruritus
- Melasma or chloasma
- Clinical depression
- Breast enlargement/tenderness
- Abnormalities of liver tests (i.e., AST, ALT, Bilirubin)
- Decreased HDL cholesterol and increased LDL/HDL ratio
- Mood swings
- Anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions
- Thrombotic and thromboembolic events (e.g., deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, retinal vascular thrombosis, cerebral thrombosis and embolism)
- Optic neuritis (which may lead to partial or complete loss of vision)
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS contact AvKARE, Inc. at 1-855-361-3993; email email@example.com; or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Therapy with norethindrone acetate tablets, USP must be adapted to the specific indications and therapeutic response of the individual patient.
Secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding due to hormonal imbalance in the absence of organic pathology: 2.5 to 10 mg norethindrone acetate, USP may be given daily for 5 to 10 days to produce secretory transformation of an endometrium that has been adequately primed with either endogenous or exogenous estrogen.
Progestin withdrawal bleeding usually occurs within three to seven days after discontinuing norethindrone acetate, USP therapy. Patients with a past history of recurrent episodes of abnormal uterine bleeding may benefit from planned menstrual cycling with norethindrone acetate tablets, USP.
Endometriosis: Initial daily dosage of 5 mg norethindrone acetate, USP for two weeks. Dosage should be increased by 2.5 mg per day every two weeks until 15 mg per day of norethindrone acetate, USP is reached. Therapy may be held at this level for six to nine months or until annoying breakthrough bleeding demands temporary termination.
Norethindrone acetate tablets, USP, 5 mg, are supplied as white to off-white oval, biconvex tablets debossed with “AN” bisect “475” on one side and plain on the other side.
They are available as follows:
Bottles of 90: NDC 42291-650-90
Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Pulaski, TN 38478
Mfg. Rev. 09-2015-00
AV Rev. 06/18 (P)
Norethindrone Acetate Tablets
Read this PATIENT INFORMATION before you start taking norethindrone acetate tablets and read what you get each time you refill norethindrone acetate tablets. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition.
What is the most important information I should know about norethindrone acetate (A Progestin Hormone) tablets?
- Do not use norethindrone acetate if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or are trying to conceive.
- Do not use norethindrone acetate if you have had a previous blood clot, stroke, or heart attack.
- Do not use norethindrone acetate if you are postmenopausal.
What is norethindrone acetate?
Norethindrone acetate is similar to the progesterone hormones naturally produced by the body.
What are norethindrone acetate tablets used for?
Norethindrone acetate tablets are used for the treatment of secondary amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods in women who have previously had a menstrual period who are not pregnant), the treatment of endometriosis, and the treatment of irregular menstrual periods due to hormone imbalance.
Who should not take norethindrone acetate tablets?
You should not take norethindrone acetate tablets if you are postmenopausal, pregnant or breast-feeding.
You should not take norethindrone acetate tablets if you have the following conditions:
- Known or suspected pregnancy. Norethindrone acetate tablets are not indicated during pregnancy as it may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. There is an increased risk of minor birth defects in children whose mothers take norethindrone acetate during the first 4 months of pregnancy (mild masculinization of the external genitalia of the female fetus, as well as hypospadias in the male fetus). If you take norethindrone acetate and later find out you were pregnant, talk with your healthcare provider right away.
- History of blood clots in the legs, lungs, eyes, brain, or elsewhere, or a past history of these conditions
- Liver impairment or disease
- Known or suspected cancer of the breast. If you have or had cancer of the breast, talk with your healthcare provider about whether you should take norethindrone acetate.
- Undiagnosed vaginal bleeding
- Hypersensitivity to norethindrone acetate tablets. See the end of this leaflet for a list of all of the ingredients in norethindrone acetate tablets.
What are the risks associated with norethindrone acetate tablets?
- Risk to the Fetus
Norethindrone acetate tablets should not be used if you are pregnant. Norethindrone acetate tablets are contraindicated during pregnancy as it may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant women. There is an increased risk of minor birth defects in children whose mothers take this drug during the first 4 months of pregnancy. Several reports suggest an association between mothers who take these drugs in the first trimester of pregnancy and congenital abnormalities in male and female babies. Although it is not clear that these events were drug related, you should check with your healthcare provider about the risks to your unborn child of any medication taken during pregnancy.
You should avoid using norethindrone acetate tablets during pregnancy. If you take norethindrone acetate tablets and later find you were pregnant when you took it, be sure to discuss this with your healthcare provider as soon as possible.
- Abnormal Blood Clotting
Use of progestational drugs, such as norethindrone acetate, has been associated with changes in the blood-clotting system. These changes allow the blood to clot more easily, possibly allowing clots to form in the bloodstream. If blood clots do form in your bloodstream, they can cut off the blood supply to vital organs, causing serious problems. These problems may include a stroke (by cutting off blood to part of the brain), a heart attack (by cutting off blood to part of the heart), a pulmonary embolus (by cutting off blood to part of the lungs), visual loss or blindness (by cutting off blood vessels in the eye), or other problems. Any of these conditions may cause death or serious long-term disability. Call your healthcare provider right away if you suspect you have any of these conditions. He or she may advise you to stop using the drug.
- Eye Abnormalities
Discontinue norethindrone acetate tablets and call your healthcare provider right away if you experience sudden partial or complete loss of vision, blurred vision, or sudden onset of bulging eyes, double vision, or migraine.
These are some of the warning signs of serious side effects with progestin therapy
- Breast lumps
- Dizziness and faintness
- Changes in speech
- Severe headaches
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pains in your legs
- Changes in vision
Call your healthcare provider right away if you get any of these warning signs, or any other unusual symptom that concerns you.
Common side effects include
- Breast pain
- Irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting
- Stomach/abdominal cramps/bloating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hair loss
Other side effects include
- High blood pressure
- Liver problems
- High blood sugar
- Fluid retention
- Enlargements of benign tumors of the uterus (“fibroids”)
- Vaginal yeast infections
- Mental depression
These are not all the possible side effects of progestin and/or estrogen therapy. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
What can I do to lower my chances of getting a serious side effect with norethindrone acetate?
- Talk with your healthcare provider regularly about whether you should continue taking norethindrone acetate.
- Have a breast exam and mammogram (breast x-ray) every year unless your healthcare provider tells you something else. If members of your family have had breast cancer or if you have ever had breast lumps or an abnormal mammogram, you may need to have breast exams more often.
- If you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol (fat in the blood), diabetes, are overweight, or if you use tobacco, you may have higher chances for getting heart disease. Ask your healthcare provider for ways to lower your chances of getting heart attacks.
General information about the safe and effective use of norethindrone acetate tablets
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets. Do not take norethindrone acetate tablets for conditions for which it was not prescribed. Do not give norethindrone acetate tablets to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
Keep norethindrone acetate tablets out of the reach of children.
This leaflet provides a summary of the most important information about progestin and/or estrogen therapy. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask for information about norethindrone acetate that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in norethindrone acetate tablets?
Norethindrone acetate tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: lactose, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.
Pulaski, TN 38478
Mfg. Rev. 09-2015-00
AV Rev. 06/18 (P)
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