NuLYTELY With Flavor Packs

NULYTELY WITH FLAVOR PACKS- polyethylene glycol 3350, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride
Braintree Laboratories, Inc.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

NuLYTELY is indicated for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy in adults and pediatric patients aged 6 months or greater.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Dosage Overview

NuLYTELY, supplied as a powder, must be reconstituted with water before its use; it is not for direct ingestion [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.2), Warnings and Precautions ( 5.8)] . The 4 liter reconstituted NuLYTELY solution contains: 420 grams of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350, 5.72 grams of sodium bicarbonate, 11.2 grams of sodium chloride, and 1.4 grams of potassium chloride. NuLYTELY may be used with or without one of the supplied flavor packs.

2.2 Administration Instructions Prior to Dosage

On the day prior to the colonoscopy, instruct patients to:

  1. Take only clear liquids, but avoid red and purple liquids. Patients may consume a light breakfast.
  2. If adding a NuLYTELY flavor pack, pour the contents of the 2 gram flavor powder (i.e., cherry, lemon-lime, orange or pineapple) into the container prior to reconstitution. No additional flavorings should be added. Discard unused flavor packs. The NuLYTELY flavor packs are for use only in combination with the contents of the accompanying 4 liter container.
  3. Early in the evening prior to colonoscopy, fill the supplied container containing the NuLYTELY powder (and if applicable, a flavor powder) with lukewarm water (to facilitate dissolution) to the 4 liter fill line. The solution is clear and colorless when reconstituted to a final volume of 4 liters.
  4. After capping the container, shake vigorously several times to ensure that the ingredients are dissolved. When reconstituted use within 48 hours.

2.3 Dosage

The following is the recommended dose of reconstituted NuLYTELY solution for adults and pediatric patients > 6 months. Instruct patients they may consume water or clear liquids during the bowel preparation and after completion of the bowel preparation up until 2 hours before the time of the colonoscopy. The solution is more palatable if chilled prior to administration.

  • Adults: Instruct patients to drink a total of up to 4 liters at a rate of 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes, until 4 liters are consumed or the rectal effluent is clear. Rapid drinking of each portion is preferred to drinking small amounts continuously. For NGT, rate is 20-30 mL per minute (1.2 – 1.8 liters per hour).
  • Pediatric Patients > 6 Months: Pediatric patients should drink 25 mL/kg/hour until the stool is watery, clear, and free of solid matter. If pediatric patients are unable to drink the reconstituted NuLYTELY solution, the solution may be given by nasogastric (NGT). NGT administration is at the rate of 25 mL/kg/hour.

The first bowel movements should occur approximately one hour after the start of NuLYTELY administration. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

For oral solution: One 4 liter jug with powder for reconstitution with water.

Each 4 liter jug contains: polyethylene glycol 3350 420 g, sodium bicarbonate 5.72 g, sodium chloride 11.2 g, potassium chloride 1.48 g and flavoring ingredients 2 g. When made up to 4 liters volume with water, the solution contains PEG-3350 31.3 mmol/L, sodium 65 mmol/L, chloride 53 mmol/L, bicarbonate 17 mmol/L and potassium 5 mmol/L.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

NuLYTELY is contraindicated in the following conditions:

  • Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, ileus, or gastric retention
  • Bowel perforation
  • Toxic colitis or toxic megacolon
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of NuLYTELY [ see How Supplied/Storage and Handling ( 16) ]

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Serious Fluid and Serum Chemistry Abnormalities

Advise patients to hydrate adequately before, during, and after the use of NuLYTELY. Use caution in patients with congestive heart failure when replacing fluids. If a patient develops significant vomiting or signs of dehydration including signs of orthostatic hypotension after taking NuLYTELY, consider performing post-colonoscopy lab tests (electrolytes, creatinine, and BUN) and treat accordingly. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances can lead to serious adverse events including cardiac arrhythmias, seizures and renal impairment. Fluid and electrolyte abnormalities should be corrected before treatment with NuLYTELY. Advise patients to hydrate adequately before, during, and after the use of NuLYTELY. Use caution in patients with congestive heart failure when replacing fluids. If a patient develops significant vomiting or signs of dehydration including signs of orthostatic hypotension after taking NuLYTELY, consider performing post-colonoscopy lab tests (electrolytes, creatinine, and BUN) and treat accordingly. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances can lead to serious adverse events including cardiac arrhythmias, seizures and renal impairment. Fluid and electrolyte abnormalities should be corrected before treatment with NuLYTELY.

In addition, use caution when prescribing NuLYTELY for patients who have conditions, or who are using medications, that increase the risk for fluid and electrolyte disturbances or may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment [ ( )] In addition, use caution when prescribing NuLYTELY for patients who have conditions, or who are using medications, that increase the risk for fluid and electrolyte disturbances or may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment [ see Drug Interactions ( 7.1)]

5.2 Cardiac Arrhythmias

There have been rare reports of serious arrhythmias associated with the use of ionic osmotic laxative products for bowel preparation. Use caution when prescribing NuLYTELY for patients at increased risk of arrhythmias (e.g., patients with a history of prolonged QT, uncontrolled arrhythmias, recent myocardial infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or cardiomyopathy). Pre-dose and post-colonoscopy ECGs should be considered in patients at increased risk of serious cardiac arrhythmias. There have been rare reports of serious arrhythmias associated with the use of ionic osmotic laxative products for bowel preparation. Use caution when prescribing NuLYTELY for patients at increased risk of arrhythmias (e.g., patients with a history of prolonged QT, uncontrolled arrhythmias, recent myocardial infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or cardiomyopathy). Pre-dose and post-colonoscopy ECGs should be considered in patients at increased risk of serious cardiac arrhythmias.

5.3 Seizures

There have been reports of generalized tonic-clonic seizures and/or loss of consciousness associated with use of bowel preparation products in patients with no prior history of seizures. The seizure cases were associated with electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia) and low serum osmolality. The neurologic abnormalities resolved with correction of fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. There have been reports of generalized tonic-clonic seizures and/or loss of consciousness associated with use of bowel preparation products in patients with no prior history of seizures. The seizure cases were associated with electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia) and low serum osmolality. The neurologic abnormalities resolved with correction of fluid and electrolyte abnormalities.

Use caution when prescribing NuLYTELY for patients with a history of seizures and in patients at increased risk of seizure, such as patients taking medications that lower the seizure threshold (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants), patients withdrawing from alcohol or benzodiazepines, or patients with known or suspected hyponatremia. Use caution when prescribing NuLYTELY for patients with a history of seizures and in patients at increased risk of seizure, such as patients taking medications that lower the seizure threshold (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants), patients withdrawing from alcohol or benzodiazepines, or patients with known or suspected hyponatremia.

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