Total Body Irradiation
In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial in 20 patients, 8 mg of ondansetron tablets administered 1.5 hours before each fraction of radiotherapy for 4 days was significantly more effective than placebo in preventing vomiting induced by total body irradiation. Total body irradiation consisted of 11 fractions (120 cGy per fraction) over 4 days for a total of 1,320 cGy. Patients received 3 fractions for 3 days, then 2 fractions on Day 4.
Single High-dose Fraction Radiotherapy
In an active-controlled, double-blind trial in 105 patients receiving single high-dose radiotherapy (800 to 1,000 cGy) over an anterior or posterior field size of greater than or equal to 80 cm2 to the abdomen, ondansetron tablets was significantly more effective than metoclopramide with respect to complete control of emesis (0 emetic episodes). Patients received the first dose of ondansetron tablets (8 mg) or metoclopramide (10 mg) 1 to 2 hours before radiotherapy. If radiotherapy was given in the morning, 8 mg of ondansetron tablets or 10 mg of metoclopramide was administered in the late afternoon and repeated again before bedtime. If radiotherapy was given in the afternoon, patients took 8 mg of ondansetron tablets or 10 mg of metoclopramide only once before bedtime. Patients continued the doses of oral medication three times daily for 3 days.
Daily Fractionated Radiotherapy
In an active-controlled, double-blind trial in 135 patients receiving a 1-to 4-week course of fractionated radiotherapy (180 cGy doses) over a field size of greater than or equal to 100 cm2 to the abdomen, ondansetron tablets was significantly more effective than prochlorperazine with respect to complete control of emesis (0 emetic episodes). Patients received the first dose of ondansetron tablets (8 mg) or prochlorperazine (10 mg) 1 to 2 hours before the first daily radiotherapy fraction, with subsequent 8 mg doses approximately every 8 hours on each day of radiotherapy.
In 2 placebo-controlled, double-blind trials (one conducted in the US and the other outside the US) in 865 females undergoing inpatient surgical procedures, ondansetron tablets 16 mg as a single dose or placebo was administered one hour before the induction of general balanced anesthesia (barbiturate, opioid, nitrous oxide, neuromuscular blockade, and supplemental isoflurane or enflurane), ondansetron tablets was significantly more effective than placebo in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting.
No trials have been performed in males.
Ondansetron Tablets USP, 4 mg (ondansetron hydrochloride dihydrate equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, film-coated tablets engraved with “4” on one side and “NO” on another side. They are supplied as follows:
- NDC 63304-458-30 Bottles of 30
Ondansetron Tablets USP, 8 mg (ondansetron hydrochloride dihydrate equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, film-coated tablets engraved with “8” on one side and “NO” on the other side. They are supplied as follows:
- NDC 63304-459-30 Bottles of 30
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Inform patients that ondansetron tablets may cause serious cardiac arrhythmias such as QT prolongation. Instruct patients to tell their healthcare provider right away if they perceive a change in their heart rate, if they feel lightheaded, or if they have a syncopal episode.
Inform patients that ondansetron tablets may cause hypersensitivity reactions, some as severe as anaphylaxis and bronchospasm. Instruct patients to immediately report any signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions, including fever, chills, rash, or breathing problems to their healthcare provider.
Masking of Progressive Ileus and Gastric Distension
Inform patients following abdominal surgery or those with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting that ondansetron tablets may mask signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction. Instruct patients to immediately report any signs or symptoms consistent with a potential bowel obstruction to their healthcare provider.
- Instruct the patient to report the use of all medications, especially apomorphine, to their healthcare provider. Concomitant use of apomorphine and ondansetron tablets may cause a significant drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness.
- Advise patients of the possibility of serotonin syndrome with concomitant use of ondansetron tablets and another serotonergic agent such as medications to treat depression and migraines. Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if the following symptoms occur: changes in mental status, autonomic instability, neuromuscular symptoms with or without gastrointestinal symptoms.
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries, Inc.
Cranbury, NJ 08512 USA
Natco Pharma Limited
Kothur- 509 228, India
| ONDANSETRON |
ondansetron tablet, film coated
| ONDANSETRON |
ondansetron tablet, film coated
|Labeler — Sun Pharmaceutical Industries, Inc. (146974886)|
|Natco Pharma Limited-Pharma Division||918588174||MANUFACTURE (63304-458), MANUFACTURE (63304-459)|
Revised: 09/2019 Sun Pharmaceutical Industries, Inc.
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