ONZETRA XSAIL- sumatriptan succinate capsule
Currax Pharmaceuticals LLC
ONZETRA® Xsail® is indicated for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults.
Limitations of Use
- Use only if a clear diagnosis of migraine has been established. If a patient has no response to the first migraine attack treated with ONZETRA Xsail, reconsider the diagnosis of migraine before treatment of subsequent attacks with ONZETRA Xsail.
- ONZETRA Xsail is not indicated for the prevention of migraine attacks.
- Safety and effectiveness of ONZETRA Xsail have not been established for the treatment of cluster headache.
The recommended dosage of ONZETRA is 22 mg of sumatriptan nasal powder (2 nosepieces), administered using the Xsail breath-powered delivery device. If the migraine has not resolved by 2 hours after taking ONZETRA Xsail, or returns after a transient improvement, a second dose of 22 mg may be administered at least 2 hours after the first dose. The maximum recommended dose that may be given in 24 hours is two doses of ONZETRA Xsail (44 mg/4 nosepieces) or one dose of ONZETRA Xsail and one dose of another sumatriptan product, separated by at least 2 hours. The safety of treating an average of more than 4 headaches in a 30 day period has not been established.
The recommended dose of 22 mg is administered by using one 11 mg nosepiece in each nostril [see Patient Counseling Information (17)]. For administration of ONZETRA Xsail, the patient removes the clear device cap from the reusable delivery device, then removes a disposable nosepiece from its foil pouch and clicks the nosepiece into the device body. The patient then fully presses and promptly releases the white piercing button on the device body to pierce the capsule inside the nosepiece. The white piercing button should only be pressed once and released prior to administration to each nostril. The nosepiece is then inserted into the nostril so that it makes a tight seal. Keeping the nosepiece in the nose, the device is rotated to place the mouthpiece into the mouth. The patient blows forcefully through the mouthpiece to deliver the sumatriptan powder into the nasal cavity. Vibration (e.g., a rattling noise) may occur, and indicates that the patient is blowing forcefully, as directed. Once the medication in the first nosepiece has been administered, the patient removes and discards the nosepiece. The same process must then be repeated using a second 11 mg nosepiece into the other nostril to administer the remainder of the total recommended 22 mg dose [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].
ONZETRA Xsail is supplied as a disposable nosepiece containing a capsule and a reusable delivery device body. Each capsule contains 11 mg sumatriptan base (equivalent to 15.4 mg of sumatriptan succinate nasal powder) in a clear, hypromellose capsule with 825 printed on one side.
ONZETRA Xsail is contraindicated in patients with:
- Ischemic coronary artery disease (CAD) (e.g., angina pectoris, history of myocardial infarction, or silent ischemia) or coronary artery vasospasm, including Prinzmetal’s angina or in patients with other significant underlying cardiovascular diseases [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
- Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome or arrhythmias associated with other cardiac accessory conduction pathway disorders [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
- History of stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or history of hemiplegic or basilar migraine because these patients are at a higher risk of stroke [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
- Peripheral vascular disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
- Ischemic bowel disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
- Uncontrolled hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].
- Recent use (i.e., within 24 hours) of ergotamine-containing medication, ergot-type medication (such as dihydroergotamine or methysergide), or another 5-hydroxytryptamine1 (5-HT1 ) agonist [see Drug Interactions (7.1 and 7.3)].
- Concurrent administration of an MAO-A inhibitor or recent use (within 2 weeks) of an MAO-A inhibitor [see Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].
- Hypersensitivity to sumatriptan (angioedema and anaphylaxis seen) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)].
- Severe hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]
The use of ONZETRA Xsail is contraindicated in patients with ischemic or vasospastic CAD. There have been rare reports of serious cardiac adverse reactions, including acute myocardial infarction, occurring within a few hours following administration of sumatriptan. Some of these reactions occurred in patients without known CAD. 5-HT1 agonists, including ONZETRA Xsail, may cause coronary artery vasospasm (Prinzmetal’s angina), even in patients without a history of CAD.
Perform a cardiovascular evaluation in triptan-naïve patients who have multiple cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., increased age, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obesity, strong family history of CAD) prior to receiving ONZETRA Xsail. If there is evidence of CAD or coronary artery vasospasm, ONZETRA Xsail is contraindicated. For patients with multiple cardiovascular risk factors who have a negative cardiovascular evaluation, consider administering the first dose of ONZETRA Xsail in a medically supervised setting and performing an electrocardiogram (ECG) immediately following administration of ONZETRA Xsail. For such patients, consider periodic cardiovascular evaluation in intermittent long-term users of ONZETRA Xsail.
Life-threatening disturbances of cardiac rhythm, including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation leading to death, have been reported within a few hours following the administration of 5-HT1 agonists. Discontinue ONZETRA Xsail if these disturbances occur. ONZETRA Xsail is contraindicated in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome or arrhythmias associated with other cardiac accessory conduction pathway disorders.
Sensations of tightness, pain, pressure, and heaviness in the chest, throat, neck, and jaw commonly occur after treatment with 5-HT1 agonists including other products containing sumatriptan and are usually non-cardiac in origin. However, perform a cardiac evaluation if these patients are at high cardiac risk. The use of ONZETRA Xsail is contraindicated in patients with known CAD and those with Prinzmetal’s variant angina.
Cerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, stroke, and other cerebrovascular events have occurred in patients treated with 5-HT1 agonists including other products containing sumatriptan, and some have resulted in fatalities. In a number of cases, it appears possible that the cerebrovascular events were primary, the 5-HT1 agonist having been administered in the incorrect belief that the symptoms experienced were a consequence of migraine when they were not. Patients with migraine may be at increased risk of certain cerebrovascular events (e.g., stroke, hemorrhage, TIA). ONZETRA Xsail is contraindicated in patients with a history of stroke or TIA. Discontinue ONZETRA Xsail if a cerebrovascular event occurs.
Before treating headaches in patients not previously diagnosed as migraineurs, and in migraineurs who present with atypical symptoms, exclude other potentially serious neurological conditions.
5-HT1 agonists, including ONZETRA Xsail, may cause non-coronary vasospastic reactions, such as peripheral vascular ischemia, gastrointestinal vascular ischemia and infarction (presenting with abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea), splenic infarction, and Raynaud’s syndrome. In patients who experience symptoms or signs suggestive of a non-coronary vasospastic reaction following the use of any 5-HT1 agonist, rule out a vasospastic reaction before using ONZETRA Xsail.
Transient and permanent blindness and significant partial vision loss have been reported with the use of 5-HT1 agonists including sumatriptan. Since visual disorders may be part of a migraine attack, a causal relationship between these events and the use of 5-HT1 agonists have not been clearly established.
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