OXYTROL- oxybutynin patch
OXYTROL is a muscarinic antagonist indicated for the treatment of overactive bladder in men with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency.
OXYTROL 3.9 mg/day should be applied to dry, intact skin on the abdomen, hip, or buttock twice weekly (every 3 or 4 days). A new application site should be selected with each new system to avoid re-application to the same site within 7 days.
Transdermal System: 3.9 mg/day
The use of OXYTROL is contraindicated in the following conditions:
- Urinary retention
- Gastric retention
- Uncontrolled narrow-angle glaucoma
- Known serious hypersensitivity reaction to OXYTROL, oxybutynin, or to any of the components of OXYTROL [ see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
Administer OXYTROL with caution in patients with clinically significant bladder outflow obstruction because of the risk of urinary retention [see Contraindications (4)].
Administer OXYTROL with caution to patients with gastrointestinal obstructive disorders because of the risk of gastric retention [see Contraindications (4)].
OXYTROL, like other anticholinergic drugs, may decrease gastrointestinal motility and should be used with caution in patients with conditions such as ulcerative colitis or intestinal atony.
OXYTROL should be used with caution in patients who have hiatus hernia/gastroesophageal reflux and/or who are concurrently taking drugs (such as bisphosphonates) that can cause or exacerbate esophagitis.
Products containing oxybutynin are associated with anticholinergic central nervous system (CNS) effects. A variety of CNS anticholinergic effects have been reported, including headache, dizziness, somnolence, confusion and hallucinations [see Adverse Events (6.2)]. Patients should be monitored for signs of anticholinergic CNS effects, particularly after beginning treatment. Advise patients not to drive or operate heavy machinery until they know how OXYTROL affects them. If a patient experiences anticholinergic CNS effects, drug discontinuation should be considered.
Angioedema requiring hospitalization and emergency medical treatment has occurred with the first or subsequent doses of oral oxybutynin. In the event of angioedema, OXYTROL should be discontinued and appropriate therapy promptly provided.
Patients who develop skin hypersensitivity to OXYTROL should discontinue drug treatment.
Avoid use of OXYTROL in patients with myasthenia gravis, a disease characterized by decreased cholinergic activity at the neuromuscular junction. If experiencing exacerbation of symptoms of myasthenia gravis, oxybutynin-containing product should be discontinued and appropriate therapy promptly provided.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
The safety of OXYTROL was evaluated in a total of 417 patients who participated in two clinical efficacy and safety studies and an open-label extension. Additional safety information was collected in earlier phase trials. In the two pivotal studies, a total of 246 patients received OXYTROL during the 12-week treatment periods. A total of 411 patients entered the open-label extension and of those, 65 patients and 52 patients received OXYTROL for at least 24 weeks and at least 36 weeks, respectively.
No deaths were reported during treatment. No serious adverse events related to treatment were reported.
Adverse reactions reported in the pivotal trials are summarized in Tables 1 and 2 below.
|Table 1: Number (%) of adverse reactions occurring in ≥ 2% of OXYTROL-treated patients and greater in the OXYTROL group than in the placebo group (Study 1).|
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo (N = 132)||OXYTROL (3.9 mg/day) (N = 125)|
|Application site pruritus||8||6.1%||21||16.8%|
|Application site erythema||3||2.3%||7||5.6%|
|Application site vesicles||0||0.0%||4||3.2%|
|Table 2: Number (%) of adverse reactions occurring in ≥ 2% of OXYTROL-treated patients and greater in the OXYTROL group than in the placebo group (Study 2).|
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo (N = 117)||OXYTROL (3.9 mg/day) (N = 121)|
|Application site pruritus||5||4.3%||17||14.0%|
|Application site erythema||2||1.7%||10||8.3%|
|Application site rash||1||0.9%||4||3.3%|
|Application site macules||0||0.0%||3||2.5%|
Most adverse reactions were described as mild or moderate in intensity. Severe application site reactions were reported by 6.4% of OXYTROL-treated patients in Study 1 and by 5.0% of OXYTROL-treated patients in Study 2.
Adverse reactions that resulted in discontinuation were reported by 11.2% of OXYTROL-treated patients in Study 1 and 10.7% of OXYTROL-treated patients in Study 2. Most of these discontinuations were due to application site reaction. In the two pivotal studies, no patient discontinued OXYTROL treatment due to dry mouth.
In the open-label extension, the most common treatment-related adverse reactions were: application site pruritus, application site erythema, and dry mouth.
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