PANHEMATIN- hemin powder, for solution
RECORDATI RARE DISEASES, INC.
PANHEMATIN is a hemin for injection indicated for the amelioration of recurrent attacks of acute intermittent porphyria temporally related to the menstrual cycle in susceptible women, after initial carbohydrate therapy is known or suspected to be inadequate.
Limitations of Use
- Before administering PANHEMATIN, consider an appropriate period of carbohydrate loading (i.e., 400 g glucose/day for 1 to 2 days) [See Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
- Attacks of porphyria may progress to a point where irreversible neuronal damage has occurred. PANHEMATIN therapy is intended to prevent an attack from reaching the critical stage of neuronal degeneration. PANHEMATIN is not effective in repairing neuronal damage.
For intravenous infusion only.
- PANHEMATIN should only be used by or in consultation with physicians experienced in the management of porphyrias.
- Before PANHEMATIN therapy is begun, the presence of acute porphyria must be diagnosed using the following criteria:
- Presence of clinical symptoms suggestive of acute porphyric attack.
- Quantitative measurement of porphobilinogen (PBG) in urine. The single-void urine sample should be refrigerated or frozen without additives and shielded from light for subsequent quantitative δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), PBG, and total porphyrin determinations. (Note: the classical Watson-Schwartz or Hoesch tests are considered to be less reliable).
- Clinical benefit from PANHEMATIN depends on prompt administration. For mild porphyric attacks (mild pain, no vomiting, no paralysis, no hyponatremia, no seizures), a trial of glucose therapy is recommended while awaiting hemin treatment or if hemin is unavailable. For moderate to severe attacks, immediate hemin treatment is recommended. Symptoms of severe attacks are severe or prolonged pain, persistent vomiting, hyponatremia, convulsion, psychosis, and neuropathy. In addition to treatment with PANHEMATIN, consider other necessary measures such as the elimination of triggering factors.
- The dose of PANHEMATIN is 1 to 4 mg/kg/day of hematin for 3 to 14 days based on the clinical signs. The standard dose in clinical practice is 3 to 4 mg/kg/day. In more severe cases this dose may be repeated no earlier than every 12 hours. Do not exceed 6 mg/kg of hematin in any 24 hour period. After reconstitution each mL of PANHEMATIN contains the equivalent of approximately 7 mg of hematin (see dosage calculation table below).
Dosage Calculation Table
1 mg hematin equivalent = 0.14 mL PANHEMATIN
2 mg hematin equivalent = 0.28 mL PANHEMATIN
3 mg hematin equivalent = 0.42 mL PANHEMATIN
4 mg hematin equivalent = 0.56 mL PANHEMATIN
- Monitor urinary concentrations of the following compounds during PANHEMATIN therapy. Effectiveness is demonstrated by a decrease in one or more of the following compounds.
ALA — δ-aminolevulinic acid
PBG — porphobilinogen
- Because PANHEMATIN contains no preservative and undergoes rapid chemical decomposition in solution, it must be reconstituted immediately before use.
- Reconstitute PANHEMATIN by aseptically adding 48 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP, to the dispensing vial. Shake the vial well for a period of 2 to 3 minutes to aid dissolution.
- PANHEMATIN may be administered directly from the vial. After the first withdrawal from the vial, discard any solution remaining.
- Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. Since reconstituted PANHEMATIN is not transparent, any undissolved particulate matter is difficult to see when inspected visually. Therefore, terminal filtration through a sterile 0.45 micron or smaller filter is recommended.
- Do not add other drug or chemical agent to a PANHEMATIN fluid admixture.
- Infuse the dose over a period of at least 30 minutes via a separate line.
- After the infusion, flush the vein with 100 mL of 0.9% NaCl.
PANHEMATIN is available as a sterile, lyophilized black powder in single dose dispensing vials. Each vial contains the equivalent of 350 mg hemin, 240 mg sodium carbonate and 335 mg of sorbitol. When mixed as directed with Sterile Water for Injection, USP, each 48 mL provides the equivalent of approximately 336 mg hematin (7 mg/mL).
PANHEMATIN is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to this drug.
A large arm vein or a central venous catheter should be utilized for the administration of PANHEMATIN to minimize the risk of phlebitis.
Since reconstituted PANHEMATIN is not transparent, any undissolved particulate matter is difficult to see when inspected visually. Therefore, terminal filtration through a sterile 0.45 micron or smaller filter is recommended. [See Dosage and Administration (2.2)]
Because increased levels of iron and serum ferritin have been reported in post-marketing experience, physicians must monitor iron and serum ferritin in patients receiving multiple administrations of PANHEMATIN [See Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. In case of elevated iron or serum ferritin levels, consider iron chelation therapy.
Because PANHEMATIN has exhibited transient, mild anticoagulant effects during clinical studies, avoid concurrent anticoagulant therapy. The extent and duration of the hypocoagulable state induced by PANHEMATIN has not been established.
Recommended dosage guidelines should be strictly followed. Reversible renal shutdown has been observed in a case where an excessive hematin dose (12.2 mg/kg) was administered in a single infusion. Oliguria and increased nitrogen retention occurred although the patient remained asymptomatic. No worsening of renal function has been seen with administration of recommended dosages of hematin.
Because PANHEMATIN is made from human blood, it may carry a risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, the variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (vCJD) agent, and theoretically the Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) agent. The risk that this product may transmit an infectious agent has been reduced by screening blood donors for prior exposure to certain viruses, by testing for the presence of certain current virus infections, and by inactivating certain viruses. Despite these measures, this product can still potentially transmit disease. There is also the possibility that unknown infectious agents may be present in the product.
All infections thought by a physician possibly to have been transmitted by this product should be reported by the physician or other healthcare provider to Recordati Rare Diseases at 1-888-575-8344.
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