Pantoprazole Sodium

PANTOPRAZOLE SODIUM- pantoprazole sodium tablet, delayed release
Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets are indicated for:

1.1 Short-Term Treatment of Erosive Esophagitis Associated With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets are indicated in adults and pediatric patients five years of age and older for the short-term treatment (up to 8 weeks) in the healing and symptomatic relief of erosive esophagitis (EE). For those adult patients who have not healed after 8 weeks of treatment, an additional 8 week course of pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets may be considered. Safety of treatment beyond 8 weeks in pediatric patients has not been established.

1.2 Maintenance of Healing of Erosive Esophagitis

Pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets are indicated for maintenance of healing of EE and reduction in relapse rates of daytime and nighttime heartburn symptoms in adult patients with GERD. Controlled studies did not extend beyond 12 months.

1.3 Pathological Hypersecretory Conditions Including Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

Pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets are indicated for the long-term treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions, including Zollinger-Ellison (ZE) Syndrome.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Recommended Dosing Schedule

Pantoprazole sodium is supplied as delayed-release tablets. The recommended dosages are outlined in Table 1.

Table 1: Recommended Dosing Schedule for Pantoprazole Sodium Delayed-Release Tablets

Indication

Dose

Frequency

Short-Term Treatment of Erosive Esophagitis Associated With GERD

Adults

40 mg

Once daily for up to 8 weeks*

Children (5 years and older)

≥ 15 kg to < 40 kg

20 mg

Once daily for up to 8 weeks

≥ 40 kg

40 mg

Maintenance of Healing of Erosive Esophagitis

Adults

40 mg

Once daily***

Pathological Hypersecretory Conditions Including Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

Adults

40 mg

Twice daily**

* For adult patients who have not healed after 8 weeks of treatment, an additional 8-week course of pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets may be considered.

** Dosage regimens should be adjusted to individual patient needs and should continue for as long as clinically indicated. Doses up to 240 mg daily have been administered.

2.2 Administration Instructions

Directions for method of administration are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: Administration Instructions
*
Do not split, chew, or crush pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets.

Formulation

Route

Instructions *

Delayed-Release Tablets

Oral

Swallowed whole, with or without food

Take a missed dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the regular scheduled time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time.

Pantoprazole Sodium Delayed-Release Tablets

Swallow pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets whole, with or without food in the stomach. For patients unable to swallow a 40 mg tablet, two 20 mg tablets may be taken. Concomitant administration of antacids does not affect the absorption of pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Delayed-Release Tablets:

  • 20 mg: Yellow, oval shaped, unscored tablets imprinted with black ink on one side of the tablet “93/11” and plain on the other side.
  • 40 mg: Yellow, oval shaped, unscored tablets imprinted with black ink on one side of the tablet “93/12” and plain on the other side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets are contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any component of the formulation or any substituted benzimidazole. Hypersensitivity reactions may include anaphylaxis, anaphylactic shock, angioedema, bronchospasm, acute interstitial nephritis, and urticaria [see Adverse Reactions (6) ].
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), including pantoprazole sodium delayed-release tablets, are contraindicated with rilpivirine-containing products [see Drug Interactions (7) ].

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Presence of Gastric Malignancy

In adults, symptomatic response to therapy with pantoprazole does not preclude the presence of gastric malignancy. Consider additional follow-up and diagnostic testing in adult patients who have a suboptimal response or an early symptomatic relapse after completing treatment with a PPI. In older patients, also consider an endoscopy.

5.2 Acute Interstitial Nephritis

Acute interstitial nephritis has been observed in patients taking PPIs including pantoprazole. Acute interstitial nephritis may occur at any point during PPI therapy and is generally attributed to an idiopathic hypersensitivity reaction. Discontinue pantoprazole if acute interstitial nephritis develops [see Contraindications (4)].

5.3 Clostridium difficile- Associated Diarrhea

Published observational studies suggest that PPI therapy like pantoprazole may be associated with an increased risk of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea, especially in hospitalized patients. This diagnosis should be considered for diarrhea that does not improve [see Adverse Reactions (6.2) ].

Patients should use the lowest dose and shortest duration of PPI therapy appropriate to the condition being treated.

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