PEDIATRIC INFUVITE MULTIPLE VITAMINS FOR INFUSION (Page 2 of 4)

2.3 Preparation and Administration Instructions

Do not administer INFUVITE PEDIATRIC as a direct, undiluted intravenous injection as it may cause dizziness, faintness, and possible tissue irritation.

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC Single Dose:

Use only in a suitable work area such as a laminar flow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area).
Add one weight-based dose of Vial 1 (1.2 mL, 2.6 mL or 4 mL) and one weight-based dose of Vial 2 (0.3 mL, 0.65 mL or 1 mL) directly to at least 100 mL of intravenous dextrose or saline solution.
Discard unused portion.
Visually inspect for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
After INFUVITE PEDIATRIC is diluted in an intravenous infusion, refrigerate the resulting solution unless it is to be used immediately, and use the solution within 24 hours after dilution.
Minimize exposure to light because some of the vitamins in INFUVITE PEDIATRIC, particularly A, D and riboflavin, are light sensitive.

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC Pharmacy Bulk Package:

Use only in a suitable work area such as a laminar flow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area).
Transfer the contents of Vial 2 (10 mL of solution) into the contents of Vial 1 (40 mL of solution). The mixed solution (50 mL) will provide thirty-three 1.5 mL single doses, fifteen 3.25 mL single doses or ten 5 mL single doses.
Each bulk vial closure shall be penetrated only one time with a suitable sterile transfer device or dispensing set that allows measured dispensing of the contents.
Once the closure system has been penetrated, complete dispensing from the pharmacy bulk vial should be completed within 4 hours.
The mixed solution may be refrigerated and stored for up to 4 hours.
Discard unused portion.
Visually inspect for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
Add one dose directly to at least 100 mL of intravenous dextrose or saline solution for each patient.
After INFUVITE PEDIATRIC is diluted in an intravenous infusion, refrigerate the resulting solution unless it is to be used immediately, and use the solution within 24 hours after dilution.
Minimize exposure to light because some of the vitamins in INFUVITE PEDIATRIC, particularly A, D and riboflavin, are light sensitive.

2.4 Monitoring Vitamin Blood Levels

Blood vitamin concentrations should be monitored to ensure maintenance of adequate levels, particularly in patients receiving parenteral multivitamins as the only source of vitamins for long periods of time.

2.5 Drug Incompatibilities

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC is not physically compatible with moderately alkaline solutions such as a sodium bicarbonate solution and other alkaline drugs such as acetazolamide sodium, aminophylline, ampicillin sodium, tetracycline HCl and chlorothiazide sodium.
Folic acid is unstable in the presence of calcium salts such as calcium gluconate.
Vitamin A and thiamine in INFUVITE PEDIATRIC may react with bisulfite solutions such as sodium bisulfite or vitamin K bisulfite.
Do not add INFUVITE PEDIATRIC directly to intravenous fat emulsions.
Consult appropriate references for additional listings of physical and chemical compatibility of solutions and drugs with the vitamin infusion when needed. If incompatibilities are identified, avoid admixture or Y-site administration with vitamin solutions.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC Single Dose is an injection consisting of two single-dose vials labeled Vial 1 (4 mL) and Vial 2 (1 mL). For the vitamin strengths [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Description (11)].

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC Pharmacy Bulk Package is an injection consisting of two vials labeled Vial 1 (40 mL Fill in 50 mL Vial) and Vial 2 (10 mL). The mixed solution (50 mL) will provide thirty-three 1.5 mL single doses, fifteen 3.25 mL single doses or ten 5 mL single doses. For the vitamin strengths [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Description (11)].

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC is contraindicated in patients who have:

An existing hypervitaminosis, or
A history of hypersensitivity to any vitamins or excipients contained in this formulation.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Aluminum Toxicity

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration in pediatric patients with renal impairment. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solution, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration. To prevent aluminum toxicity periodically monitor aluminum levels with prolonged parenteral administration of INFUVITE PEDIATRIC.

5.2 Allergic Reactions to Thiamine

Allergic reactions such as urticaria, shortness of breath, wheezing and angioedema have been reported following intravenous administration of thiamine, which is found in INFUVITE PEDIATRIC. There have been rare reports of anaphylaxis following intravenous doses of thiamine. No fatal anaphylaxis associated with INFUVITE PEDIATRIC has been reported.

5.3. Hypervitaminosis A

Hypervitaminosis A, manifested by nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, blurred vision has been reported in patients with renal failure receiving 1.5 mg/day retinol and in patients with liver disease. Therefore, supplementation of renal failure patients and patients with liver disease with vitamin A, an ingredient found in INFUVITE PEDIATRIC, should be undertaken with caution [See Use in Specific Populations ( 8.6, 8.7) ]. Blood levels of Vitamin A should be monitored periodically.

5.4 Decreased Anticoagulant Effect of Warfarin

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC contains Vitamin K which may decrease the anticoagulant action of warfarin. In patients who are on warfarin anticoagulant therapy receiving INFUVITE PEDIATRIC monitor blood levels of prothrombin/INR to determine if dose of warfarin needs to be adjusted.

5.5 Interference with Diagnosis of Megaloblastic Anemia

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC contains folic acid and cyanocobalamin which can mask serum deficiencies of folic acid and cyanocobalamin in patients with megaloblastic anemia. Avoid the use of INFUVITE PEDIATRICS in patients with suspected or diagnosed megaloblastic anemia prior to blood sampling for the detection of the folic acid and cyanocobalamin deficiencies.

5.6 Potential to Develop Vitamin Deficiencies or Excesses

In patients receiving parenteral multivitamins such as with INFUVITE PEDIATRIC, blood vitamin concentrations should be periodically monitored to determine if vitamin deficiencies or excesses are developing. INFUVITE PEDIATRIC may not correct long-standing specific vitamin deficiencies. The administration of additional doses of specific vitamins may be required [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.2)].

5.7 Interference with Urine Glucose Testing

INFUVITE PEDIATRIC contains vitamin C which is also known as ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid in the urine may cause false negative urine glucose results.

All MedLibrary.org resources are included in as near-original form as possible, meaning that the information from the original provider has been rendered here with only typographical or stylistic modifications and not with any substantive alterations of content, meaning or intent.

This site is provided for educational and informational purposes only, in accordance with our Terms of Use, and is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner or other qualified health professional.

Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2020. All Rights Reserved.