The initial daily dosing is 50 mg/kg/day given in two divided doses (25 mg/kg twice daily); subsequent dosing can be titrated by 25 mg/kg/day to 50 mg/kg/day increments every 3 days, up to a maximum of 150 mg/kg/day given in 2 divided doses (75 mg/kg twice daily) [ s ee Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].
Table 2 provides the volume of the 50 mg/mL dosing solution that should be administered as individual doses in infants of various weights.
|Table 2 Infant Dosing Table|
|Weight[kg]||Starting Dose50 mg/kg/day||Maximum Dose150 mg/kg/day|
|3||1.5 mL twice daily||4.5 mL twice daily|
|4||2 mL twice daily||6 mL twice daily|
|5||2.5 mL twice daily||7.5 mL twice daily|
|6||3 mL twice daily||9 mL twice daily|
|7||3.5 mL twice daily||10.5 mL twice daily|
|8||4 mL twice daily||12 mL twice daily|
|9||4.5 mL twice daily||13.5 mL twice daily|
|10||5 mL twice daily||15 mL twice daily|
|11||5.5 mL twice daily||16.5 mL twice daily|
|12||6 mL twice daily||18 mL twice daily|
|13||6.5 mL twice daily||19.5 mL twice daily|
|14||7 mL twice daily||21 mL twice daily|
|15||7.5 mL twice daily||22.5 mL twice daily|
|16||8 mL twice daily||24 mL twice daily|
In patients with infantile spasms, SABRIL should be withdrawn if a substantial clinical benefit is not observed within 2 to 4 weeks. If, in the clinical judgment of the prescriber, evidence of treatment failure becomes obvious earlier than 2 to 4 weeks, treatment should be discontinued at that time [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
In a controlled clinical study in patients with infantile spasms, SABRIL was tapered by decreasing the daily dose at a rate of 25 mg/kg to 50 mg/kg every 3 to 4 days [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].
SABRIL is primarily eliminated through the kidney.
Information about how to adjust the dose in infants with renal impairment is unavailable.
Adult and pediatric patients 10 years and older
- Mild renal impairment (CLcr >50 to 80 mL/min): dose should be decreased by 25%
- Moderate renal impairment (CLcr >30 to 50 mL/min): dose should be decreased by 50%
- Severe renal impairment (CLcr >10 to 30 mL/min): dose should be decreased by 75%.
CLcr in mL/min may be estimated from serum creatinine (mg/dL) using the following formulas:
- Patients 10 to <12 years old: CLcr (mL/min/1.73 m2) = (K × Ht) / Scr
height (Ht) in cm; serum creatinine (Scr) in mg/dL
K (proportionality constant): Female Child (<12 years): K=0.55; Male Child (<12 years): K=0.70
- Adult and pediatric patients 12 years or older: CLcr (mL/min) = [140-age (years)] × weight (kg) / [72 × serum creatinine (mg/dL)] (×0.85 for female patients)
If using SABRIL powder for oral solution, physicians should review and discuss the Medication Guide and instructions for mixing and giving SABRIL with the patient or caregiver(s). Physicians should confirm that patients or caregiver(s) understand how to mix SABRIL powder with water and administer the correct daily dose.
Empty the entire contents of each 500 mg packet into a clean cup, and dissolve in 10 mL of cold or room temperature water per packet. Administer the resulting solution using the 10 mL oral syringe supplied with the medication. The concentration of the final solution is 50 mg/mL.
Table 3 below describes how many packets and how many milliliters (mL) of water will be needed to prepare each individual dose. The concentration after reconstitution is 50 mg/mL.
|Table 3. Number of SABRIL Packets and mL of Water Needed for Each Individual Dose|
Individual Dose [mg]
[Given Twice Daily]
Total Number of
Total mL of Water
Required for Dissolving
|0 to 500||1 packet||10 mL|
|501 to 1000||2 packets||20 mL|
|1001 to 1500||3 packets||30 mL|
Discard the resulting solution if it is not clear (or free of particles) and colorless. Each individual dose should be prepared and used immediately. Discard any unused portion of the solution after administering the correct dose.
Tablet: 500 mg: white, oval, film-coated, biconvex, scored on one side, and debossed with OV 111 on the other.
Powder for Oral Solution: 500 mg packets of a white to off-white granular powder.
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